Highlighted Quranic listing of the tenth Separa-10 (Wa-Lamu) is here. An attempt has been made to simplify tracking of the desired information. At the outset, it is necessary to acknowledge innumerable sources used in compilation of this effort. No attempt has been made to list the references individually; but sincere thanks are due to all, individually and collectively.
- The list of (Flags) below is a subject-wise identification
- Each (Flag) refers to the corresponding (verse or verses) and identifies (explanatory note), if any
- Quranic verses of this (Separa) are listed and marked in a conventional way
- For example (Bara’at-9: 27-28) refers to (27&28th) verses of Surah Al Bara’at which is the Ninth Surah of the Holy Quran
- Each verse commences and ends marked as (> “—–“: (number of the verse)
- >>> ” denotes the subject of the verse is continuing into the next verse
- All notes are numbered in parenthesis as (i), (ii) and so on
- All a reader needs to do is review the listed (Flags), choose the desired subject and proceed to the indicated (Ayat)
Separa 10: Wa-Lamu
Surah Al-Anfal (41-75)
Surah Al Bara’at (01-93)
Surah Al Anfal (41-75)
> ” And know you (O believers) that whatever you acquire, a fifth of it is for Allah, and for (His) messenger, and for (his) near relatives, and the orphans, and the needy, and the wayfarer, if you believe in Allah and in that which We sent down to Our servant (Muhammad) on the day of distinction, the day when the two hosts met. Verily Allah has power over all things”: (41)
Flag 1: Khums (Sehme Saadat & Sehme Imam)-Fiqa-Jafria: (Anfal-8: 41)
(i) Day of distinction refers to the day of Battle of Badar.
(ii) Ghanayam means the property, movable, immovable, profits of all kinds from any source including inheritance and share obtained from spoils of war.
(iii) Total amount of Khums (20% of the total) is divided into two equal parts:
(a) Sehme Saadat: the share of descendants of the Holy Prophet.
(b) Sehme Imam: Normally disbursed through Mujtahid.
> ” (Remember) When you were on the near side (of the valley), and they were on the farther side, and the caravan (of the merchandise) on the lower ground than you; and even if you had made a mutual appointment to meet, you would certainly have broken the appointment (failed to fulfill), but (thus you met) in order that Allah might enact a matter which was destined to be done; that he who perishes (on that day) may perish after a clear proof and he who lives may live after a clear proof. Verily, Allah is Hearing, Knowing”: (42)
> ” (Remember) when Allah showed them to be few in your dream, for if He had shown them to be many, you would have certainly become weak-hearted and would have quarreled over the affair, but Allah saved you. Verily He knows what is in the breasts of men”: (43)
> ” And (Remember) He showed them few in your eyes when you met; and He made you appear fewer in their eyes, in order that Allah may enact the matter which had been destined to be done: and to Allah (alone) return all matters”: (44)
Flag 2: Allah’s Plan/Strategy (Battle of Badar): (Anfal: 42-44)
> ” O you who believe! When you meet a party (of the infidels), stand firm, and remember Allah much, that you may be successful”: (45)
> ” And obey Allah and His messenger (Muhammad) and quarrel not lest you lose heart, and your power depart; and be patient. Allah is with the patient”: (46)
> ” Do not be like those who came out from their homes boastfully and to be seen of men, and obstruct others from the way of Allah; and verily Allah encompasses all they do”: (47)
Flag 3: Allah’s Battle Instructions (Battle of Badar): (Anfal: 45-47)
> And (remember) when Shaytan made their deeds look alluring to them, and said: None among men, shall prevail over you today, while I am your protector. But when the two parties came in sight of one another, he turned on his heels and said: Verily I am not with you, certainly I see what you do not see, surely I fear Allah. Verily Allah is severe in punishment”: (48)
Flag 4: Shaytan’s Plan & Strategy (Battle of Badar): (Anfal-8: 48)
> ” The hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease say: Their religion has beguiled them. And whoever relies upon Allah, then verily Allah is mighty, wise”: (49)
> ” If you could see when the angels draw away the souls of those who disbelieve, and smite their faces and their backs, (saying): Taste the torment of burning”: (50)
> ” This is what your own hands have sent forth, and (know) that Allah is not unjust to (His) servants”: (51)
> ” (They are) like people of Firawn and those before them. They disbelieved in the signs of Allah, so Allah seized them for their sins. Verily Allah is Strong, severe in punishment”: (52)
> ” This is so because Allah does not withdraw a favor He has bestowed upon a people until they change their selves, and verily Allah is Hearing, Knowing”: (53)
Flag 5: Allah’s Favour once given is not withdrawn but as a consequence of a Change: (Anfal-8: 53)
> ” (They are) like the people of Firawn and those before them. They belied the signs of their Lord, So We destroyed them for their sins, and We drowned the people of Firawn, and all (of them) were unjust”: (54)
> ” Verily the vilest of the beasts in Allah’s view are those who disbelieve and shall not believe”: (55)
Flag 6: Hypocrites/Disbelievers/Infidels: (Anfal-8: 49-55)
> ” Those of them with whom you made a covenant, then they break their covenant every time, and they do not safeguard themselves (against evil)”: (56)
> ” So when you seize them in battle, disperse them (by inflicting on them such a defeat as would be a lesson) for those who have come after them, that they may remember”: (57)
> ” And if you fear treachery from a people, then throw back (their covenant) to them (so as to be) on equal terms; verily Allah does not love the treacherous”: (58)
Flag 7: Allah’s guidelines concerning mutual treaties/contracts (Covenants) and to the handling of those who break the same or are dishonest about it: (Anfal-8: 56-58)
> ” And let not those who disbelieve think that they have outdone (the Muslims); verily they shall not weaken (Allah’s purpose)”: (59)
> ” And prepare against them whatever force (arms) and well-bred horses (cavalry) (you can muster), that thereby you may frighten the enemy of Allah and your enemy, and others beside them, whom you do not know, (but) Allah knows them. And whatever things you spend in Allah’s way will be paid back to you in full, and you shall not be dealt with unjustly”: (60)
Flag 8: Allah’s command to establish a formidable power base (Battle readiness): (Anfal-8: 59-60)
> ” And if they incline to peace; incline you also to it, and trust in Allah; verily He is all hearing, all knowing”: (61)
Flag 9: Establishing Peace a Priority: (Anfal-8: 61)
> ” And if they intend to deceive you, then verily Allah suffices you; it is He who strengthened you with His help and with the believers”: (62)
(i) ” His help” above refers to Ali ibn Abu Talib.
> ” He has put affection between their hearts. Had you spent all that is in earth you could not have put affection between their hearts, but Allah put affection between them; verily He is mighty, wise: (63)
> ” O Prophet! Allah and those of the believers who follow you are sufficient for you”: (64)
Flag 10: Allah’s help and strengthening faithfuls: (Anfal-8: 61-64)
(i) This verse was particularly revealed for Ali ibn Abu Talib.
> ” O Prophet! Urge the believers to fight. If there be of you twenty persevering men they shall overcome two hundred, and if there be of you one hundred, they shall overcome one thousand of those who disbelieve, because they are a people who do not understand”: (65)
> ” For the present, Allah has lightened your burden, and He knows there is a weakness in you. If there be of one hundred persevering men, they shall overcome two hundred, and if there be of you one thousand, they shall overcome two thousand, with Allah’s permission. Allah is with the persevering”: (66)
Flag 11: Balancing Numerical Odds (in battle) with Allah’s Help: (Anfal-8: 65-66)
> ” It is not befitting for a prophet that he should have captives until there has been a (decisive) fight (bloodshed) in the land. You desire the goods (transient) of this world, while Allah desires (for you) the hereafter; and Allah is mighty and wise”: (67)
> ” Had it not been for an ordinance from Allah, decreed in advance, surely a great chastisement would have afflicted you for what you took”: (68)
> ” Eat you then of what you took in the war, lawful and good, and fear Allah. Verily Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful”: (69)
> ” O Prophet! Say to captives who are in your hands: If Allah knows anything good in your hearts, He will give you better than what has been taken away from you; and (He) will forgive you; and verily Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful”: (70)
> ” And if they intend to be unfaithful to you, then they have been unfaithful to Allah before, So He gave you power over them, and verily Allah is all-knowing, all-wise”: (71)
Flag 12: Allah’s alert concerning ‘ Captives & Ransom: (Anfal-8: 67-71)
(i) The verse (Anfal-8: 68) refers to ransom collected from captives by some of the companions against the advice of the Holy Prophet.
> ” Verily those who believed and migrated and strived hard in the way of Allah with their possessions and lives, and those who gave them shelter and helped them, are guardians of one another; and those who believed and did not migrate, you have nothing to do with their guardianship till they migrate. If they seek help from you in (the matter of) religion, then it is incumbent on you to help them, save against a people between whom and you there is a covenant. Verily Allah sees all that you do”: (72)
> ” And those who disbelieve, some of them are the guardians of others; and unless you do the same, there will be discord in the earth and great mischief”: (73)
> ” And those who believe and migrated and strived hard in the way of Allah, and those who gave them shelter and helped them, are true believers. For them is forgiveness and honorable provision”: (74)
> ” And those who afterward believed and migrated and strove hard along with you, they are of you; but the blood relations are nearer to one another in the book of Allah. Verily Allah knows everything”: (75)
Flag 13: About Migrants (Muhajirs) and those who provided them shelters (Ansars): (Anfal-8: 72-75)
(i) The verse (Anfal-8: 75: ‘Blood relations are nearer’) refers to Ali Ibn Abu Talib and subsequently Hasan and Hussain and Imams of Ahl ul Bayt to have a better title for succeeding the Holy Prophet.
Surah Al Anfal EndsSepara 10 (Wa-Lamu) Continues
> ” A (declaration) of immunity from Allah and His messenger (Muhammad), to those of the idolaters with whom you have a (mutual) covenant”: (01)
> ” Go about, then, in the land for four months, and know that you are not weakening Allah, and that Allah puts infidels to shame”: (02)
> ” And an announcement from Allah and His messenger, to the people (assembled) on the day of a great pilgrimage, that Allah is free from obligations to the idolaters, and (so is) His messenger. Therefore, if you repent, it will be better for you; and if you turn back, then know that you are not weakening Allah; and announce (O Muhammad) a painful chastisement to those who disbelieve”: (03)
Flag 14: Al Bara’at (Immunity): At Tawbah: Freedom from obligations: (Bara’at-9: 01-03)
(i) At Tawbah, repentance takes its name from many verses of this surah often called (Al Bara’at). It is the only Surah which is without (Bismillahhir Rahmanir Rahim), perhaps on account of stern commandments against hypocrites and idolaters.
> ” Except those of idolaters with whom you have entered into a pact and who thereafter did not fail you in anything, nor have they supported anyone against you, then fulfill your pacts with them to the end of their term; verily Allah loves those who safeguard themselves (against evil) with full awareness of divine laws”: (04)
> ” Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters wherever you find them, and seize them and besiege them and lie in wait for them at every ambush. Then if they repent and establish prayer, and give the poor-rate, leave their way free. Verily Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful”: (05)
> ” And if any of the idolaters seek your protection, grant protection to him, till he hears the word of Allah, then convey him to his place of safety. This is so because they are the people who do not know”: (06)
> ” How can there be a covenant with Allah and His messenger for the idolaters except those with whom you made a covenant at the sacred mosque? So long as they are faithful to you, be faithful to them, verily Allah loves those who safeguard themselves (against evil) with full awareness of divine laws”: (07)
> ” How (can there be an alliance) when, if they overcome you they neither observe pacts nor ties in respect of you? They entice you with (sweet words from) their mouths while their hearts are averse to you; and most of them are transgressors”: (08)
> ” They have bartered Allah’s signs for a small price, so they obstruct others from His way; evil indeed are the deeds they do”: (09)
> ” They do not respect either ties or pacts (in case of) a believer; and these are they who transgress all limits”: (10)
Flag 15: Limits of Honouring Existing Agreements Spelled Out & Command of Stern action against Idolaters & Culprits: (Bara’at-9: 04-10)
> ” But if they repent and establish prayers and pay the poor-rate, then they are your brethren in faith. We explain the signs for a people who know”: (11)
Flag 16: ‘Repentance’: Allah’s all encompassing ‘open door offer’: (Bara’at-9: 11)
> ” And if they violate their oaths after their covenant, and revile your religion, then fight the leaders of infidelity- verily their oaths are nothing to them- in order that they may desist”: (12)
> ” Will you not fight people who violated their oaths, resolved to expel the messenger, and attack you first? What! Do you fear them? It is Allah whom you should justly fear more if you are believers”: (13)
> ” Fight them so that Allah may punish them at your hands, and put them to shame, and help you against them, and heal the wounds of the hearts of believers”: (14)
> ” And remove the rage of their hearts; for Allah turns (in mercy) to whomsoever He pleases and verily Allah is all-knowing, all-wise” : (15)
> ” Or do you think (O believers) that you will be left alone while yet Allah has not distinguished those of you who strive hard and did not take anyone as intervener beside Allah and His messenger and the believers? Verily Allah is fully aware of all you do”: (16)
Flag 17: Scope of Defensive Jihad Command & Allah’s Strict Guidelines in respect of Violators: (Bara’at-9: 12-16)
> ” It is not for the idolaters to maintain the masjids of Allah while bearing witness to their own infidelity. As for such their deeds are vain, and in hell, they shall abide forever”: (17)
> ” Only he shall maintain the masjids of Allah who believes in Allah and the last day, and establishes prayer, and gives the poor-rate, and fears no one but Allah; so these are they who can be of the rightly guided”: (18)
> ” What! Do you make the giving of drinking-water to the pilgrims and maintenance of the sacred mosque equal to (the work of) one who believes in Allah and the last day and strives hard in Allah’s way; and verily Allah does not guide the unjust people” : (19)
Flag 19: Allah’s Evaluation of the Work of (One Who Believes)? (Bara’at-9: 19)
(i) Ali Ibn Abu Talib is referred to the (One who believes) above.
> ” Those who believed and migrated and strove hard in Allah’s way with their possessions and their lives are for higher rank in Allah’s view. They are those who achieve (salvation)”: (20)
> ” Their Lord gives them glad tidings of mercy from Him, and of (His) pleasure and of gardens wherein for them is lasting bliss”: (21)
> ” They will abide therein for ever. Verily with Allah is a great reward”: (22)
Flag 20: Those to whom Allah assigned higher rank & salvation: (Bara’at-9: 20-22)
> ” O you who believe! Do not take your fathers and brothers as friends if they love infidelity more than faith, and whomsoever befriends them, then these are those who are unjust”: (23)
> ” Say (O Muhammad): If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your kindred and your wives, and the possessions you have acquired, and the trade-in which you fear decline, and the dwellings in which you delight are dearer to you than Allah and His messenger and striving in His way, then wait till Allah brings His command to pass. Verily Allah does not guide transgressing people”: (24)
Flag 21: Futility of all/any acquisitions & relationship (including blood relationship) in defiance of Allah’s Command: (Bara’at-9: 23-24)
Note: (i) The prerequisite of true belief and faith in Allah and the messenger (holy Prophet inclusive of Ahlul Bayt) is to place them over and above all worldly acquisitions as well as relationships including blood relationships.
> ” Most certainly Allah did help you in many (battle) fields, and on the day of Hunayn when your great number made you vain, but they availed you nothing, and the earth vast as it is, was straightened for you, then you turned back in retreat”: (25)
> ” Then Allah sent down His tranquillity upon His messenger and upon the believers, and he sent down hosts which you did not see, and punished those who disbelieved, and that is the recompense of the infidels”: (26)
> ” Then Allah will turn (in mercy) after this, to whomsoever He wills, and verily Allah is oft-returning, merciful”: (27)
Flag 22: Disaster averted at Hunayn with Allah’s Help”: (Bara’at-9: 25-27)
(i) Immediately after the conquest of Makkah, the idolaters under the command of (Malik Bin Awf), organized a force of four thousand soldiers near Hunayn with plans of attacking the Holy Prophet. The faithful around twelve thousand marched towards Hunayn and were ambushed in winding gorges causing havoc. The faithful fled in disarray. Those who remained steadfast (Ali Ibn Abu Talib, Abbas ibn Muttalib, Abu Safyan Ibn Haris, and Abdullah bin Mas’ud) stopped enemy’s attacks aimed at slaying the Holy Prophet and called those deserting him to return. Some returned and joined in the battle to launch a counter-attack. When Ali killed Abu Jarul, the standard-bearer of the enemy army, a general retreat began which soon turned into chaos in enemy lines culminating in their crushing defeat.
> ” O who you believe! Verily the idolaters are unclean, so they shall not approach the sacred mosque, after this year of theirs, and if you fear poverty, then Allah will soon enrich you through His grace if He wills; verily Allah is all-knowing, all-wise”: (28)
Flag 23: Allah’s Command: No Entry for Idolaters in Sacred Mosque (Kaabah): (Bara’at-9: 28)
” Fight those who do not believe in Allah nor in the last day, and who do not prohibit what Allah and His messenger have prohibited, nor follow the religion of truth, of those who have been given the book, until they pay Jizya (tribute) with their own hands, and accept subjection”: (29)
Flag 24: ‘Enjoined Fighting’ Command & Allah’s Guidelines for the same: (Bara’at-9: 29)
> ” And the Jews say: Uzayr is son of Allah: and the Christians say: Al Masih is the son of Allah: These are their sayings with their mouths; (in this) they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved before. Allah fights against them. How do they turn away”: (30)
Flag 25: (Uzayr & Isa) Allah’s Messengers and Servants only: Denial of Jewish & Christian inspired concepts: (Bara’at-9: 30)
>” They take their rabbis and their monks as lords besides Allah, and also Al Masih, son of Maryam, even though they were commanded to worship one and only one Allah, for there is no god but He. Exalted and pure is He from what they associate with Him”: (31)
Flag 26: Misguided concepts on part of Rabbis & Monks exposed: (Bara’at-9: 31)
> ” They intend to put out the light of Allah with their mouths; and Allah disdains (aught) save that He perfects His light, even though the infidels may detest it”: (32)
Flag 27: Any or all attempts to put -off Allah’s light destined to fail: (Bara’at-10: 32)
Noor E-Khuda Hai Kufr Ki Harkat Pey Khandazun
Phokoon Sey Yeh Chiragh Bujhaya Na Jaiga
> ” He it is who sent His messenger with guidance and the religion of truth, that He may make it prevail over all religions, even though polytheists may detest it”: (33)
Flag 28: Allah’s Objective & Target: Prevailing of Religion of Truth on all Religions: (Bara’at-9: 33)
> ” O you who believe! Many of the rabbis and monks wrongfully swallow the possessions of the people, and keep the men away from the way of Allah>>>”: (34)
Flag 29: Alerts concerning Rabbis and Monks: (Bara’at-9: 34)
>>> ” And to those who hoard gold and silver and do not spend it in Allah’s way, announce the news of painful chastisement”: (34)
> ” On the day when it shall (all) be heated in the fire of hell, then their foreheads and their flanks and their backs shall be branded with it (while it is said to them): This is what you hoarded for yourself, taste then what you used to hoard”: (35)
Flag 30: Hoarding of Gold and Silver: (Bara’at-9: 34-35)
> ” Verily the number of months with Allah is twelve months in Allah’s book (since) the day He created heavens and earth. Of these four are sacred. That is the established religion, so be not unjust therein to yourself, and fight all polytheists as they fight you all; and know that Allah is with those who safeguard themselves against evil with full awareness of divine laws: (36)
> ” Verily the postponement (of a sacred month) is only an addition to infidelity, with which those who disbelieve go astray. They allow it one year and forbid it another year, that they may adjust the number of the months Allah has forbidden. Thus they allow what Allah has forbidden. The evil of their deeds has been made fair-seeming to them. And verily Allah does not guide the unbelieving people”: (37)
Flag 31: Months in a Year-Allah’s Commandment: ( Bara-at-9: 36-37 : Baqarah-2: 194)
(i) Four sacred months (Dhilqad, Dhul Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab)
> ” O you who believe! What ails you that when it is said to you: Go forth (to fight) in the way of Allah: You cling heavily to the earth? What! Are you pleased with the life of this world instead of the hereafter? The provision for the life of this world compared to the hereafter is but meager”: (38)
> ” Unless you go forth, He will punish you with a painful chastisement, and He will bring other people in your place, and you cannot harm Him at all. Allah has power over all things”: (39)
Flag 32: Reluctance to Participate in Jihad: (Bara’at-9: 38-39)
> ” If you did not help him (the Holy Prophet), (it does not matter), for Allah did indeed help him when those who disbelieved expelled him. He was the second of the two when they were in the cave (and) when he said to his companion: Do not fear, verily Allah is with us. So Allah sent down tranquillity upon him and strengthened him with hosts (angels) you did not see, and made the word of those who did not believe abject. Most exalted is Allah’s word, for (verily) Allah is all-mighty, all-wise”: (40)
Flag 33: Allah’s protection at the ‘Cave of Thaur’ during the Holy Prophet’s Migration (Hijirat) from Makkah to Yathrib (Madina): (Bara’at-9: 40)
(i) The Holy Prophet and companion who got scared (Abu Baker) are referred above en route to Madina (Yathrib) after escape from Makkah.
> ” Go forth light and heavy (whether ill-equipped or well-equipped) and strive hard in the way of Allah with your property and your lives. This is better for you, if you know” : (41)
> ” Had there been immediate gain and the journey easy, certainly they would have followed you, but the distance seemed long to them, yet they swear by Allah (saying): Had we been able we would have surely gone out with you. They destroy their own souls, and Allah knows verily they are liars”: (42)
> ” Allah absolves you (O Muhammad). Why did you allow them (to stay behind) until those who told truth were manifest to you and you had known the liars”: (43)
> ” Those who believe in Allah and the last day would not ask your permission to be excused from striving hard with their wealth and their lives; and (verily) Allah knows those who safeguard themselves against evil with full awareness of His laws”: (44)
Flag 34: Battle of Tabuk: Allah’s alerts to those showing reluctance: Hypocrites’ plan exposed: (Bara’at-9: 38-44)
(i) Defensive expedition of Tabuk was undertaken to counter the aggression of Byzantine empire. The people who hesitated to follow the call of Tabuk were deterred by:
(a) Long journey in hot summer.
(b) The fear of losing the fruit harvest, which was ripe for gathering.
(c) The dread of formidable foe.
(ii) The hypocrites planned to stay behind in Madina to plunder the city and to enslave the women and children in the absence of the Holy Prophet.
(iii) On knowing the plot the Holy Prophet left Ali in Madina as his deputy.
(iv) The hypocrites spread the rumour that Ali was not found suitable for the battle.
(v) The faithful still on the outskirts of Madina, Ali reported the same to the Holy Prophet who replied: O Ali! You are to me as Harun was to Musa, save the prophet-hood has terminated with me. You are my successor.
(vi) The expedition of Tabuk ended without a fight, because the enemy forces did not come to the battlefield.
> ” Only those who do not believe in Allah and the last day ask your permission (to be excused), and their hearts are full of doubts; so in their doubts they are tossed to and fro”: (45)
> ” And had they (really) intended to go forth they would certainly have made preparations for it, but Allah was averse to their going so He withheld them, and it was said (to them): Sit you with those who sit (idle)”: (46)
> ” Had they gone forth with you they would not have added to you aught save mischief, and they would have certainly hurried to and fro in your midst to stir up dissension amongst you; and there are those who spy for them; and Allah knows the unjust: (47)
> ” Certainly they sought to create dissension before, and they upset matters for you, until the truth came and decree of Allah prevailed, though they were averse”: (48)
> ” Among them there is (many) a man who says; Exempt me and do not try me. Surely they have already put themselves on trial; and verily hell encompasses the infidels”: (49)
Flag 35: Tabuk: Hypocrite strategy & lame excuses exposed: (Bara’at-9: 45-49)
> ” If good befalls you it grieves them, and if hardship afflicts you they say: Indeed we have taken precaution in advance; and they turn away and they rejoice”: (50)
Flag 36: Hypocrite jealousy towards faithfuls exposed: (Bara’at-9: 50)
> ” Say (O Muhammad): Never shall anything afflict us save what Allah has decreed for us. He is our Lord -Master (Mawla); and on Allah should the believers rely”: (51)
> ” Say: Await you for us aught save one of the two excellence (victory or martyrdom in Allah’s way)? And we wait for you that Allah afflicts you with a chastisement from Him or at our hands. Await then, verily we also wait with you”: (52)
Flag 37: Faithful’s unalienable Belief: (Bara’at-9: 51-52)
> ” Say: Spend willingly or it shall never be accepted from you; for verily you are a transgressing people”: (53)
> ” And nothing prevents the acceptance of what they spend to save that they reject Allah and His messenger (Muhammad), and they come to prayer but languidly and spend only reluctantly”:(54)
> ” So let not their wealth nor their children amaze you. Indeed Allah intends to torment them through these things in the life of the world and their souls will depart while they are disbelievers”: (55)
> ” And they swear by Allah that they are surely of you, while they are not of you, but they are people who are afraid”: (56)
> ” If they could find a refuge, or caves, or a place of concealment to enter, certainly they would turn thereto, rushing headlong”: (57)
Flag 38: A Glimpse into Hypocrite tactics,character & their destined deadend: (Bara’at-9: 53-57)
> ” And of them are those who blame you (of partiality) in the matter of (the distribution) of alms: If they are given part of thereof, they are pleased, and if they are not given thereof, behold! they are enraged”: (58)
Flag 39: Who accused the holy Prophet of Partiality? (Bara’at-9: 58)
(i) A man from Banu Tamim, Dhul Khuyasarah accused the Holy Prophet of doing injustice in the distribution of spoils of war. Umar bin Khattab asked for permission to kill him: but the Holy Prophet spared his life saying that there are many like him amongst. The man was killed in the battle of Naharwan by Ali Ibn Abu Talib.
> ” (It would have been better) if only they had been content with what Allah and His Messenger gave them and said: Allah is sufficient for us. Allah will soon give us out of His grace and His messenger also; and verily to Allah do we turn our hopes”: (59)
Flag 40: Allah’s Way against framework of hypocrites plans, activities and objectives: (Bara’at-9: 45-59)
> ” Verily alms are only for poor and the needy, and those employed to administer (the funds); and those whose hearts are to be won over, and for ransoming the captives, and those who are in debt, and in the cause of Allah, and for the wayfarer; a duty ordained by Allah. Allah is all-knowing, all-wise”: (60)
Flag 41: Eligibility to receive Alms: (Bara’at-9: 60)
(i) The command is applicable in respect of general charities (Sadqa, Khairaat, etc)
(ii) Important categorization (to win the hearts) needs to be kept in mind.
(iii) Reasonable expenditure incurred on fund administration has also been made permissible.
> ” Among them are those who offend the prophet (Muhammad) and they say: He is (all) ears. Say: He is (all) ears for your good, and he believes in Allah and has faith in the believers, and is a mercy to those of you who believe; and for those who offend the messenger of Allah, there is a grievous chastisement”: (61)
> ” To you, they swear by Allah in order to please you, but Allah, with His Messenger (Muhammad), has a greater right that they should please Him if they are believers”: (62)
> ” Do they not know that for him who opposes Allah and His messenger (Muhammad) there is verily the fire of hell to abide therein? That is the worst disgrace: (63)
Flag 42: Opposing Allah and Messenger: The worst disgrace & assured way to the hell: (Bara’at-9: 61-63)
> ” The hypocrites fear lest a surah should be revealed about them, exposing what is really in their hearts. Say to them: Mock (much as you like): verily Allah brings forth what you fear”: (64)
> ” If you question them, they will surely say: We were only gossiping and jesting”. Say: What! Do you scoff at Allah, His signs and messenger? (65)
> ” Do not make excuses, indeed you have rejected faith after you have accepted it. If we pardon a party of you, a party of you we shall punish, for surely they are guilty”: (66)
> ” The hypocrites, men, and women, are one from another. They enjoin evil and forbid good and withhold their hands (from spending in the way of Allah). They have forsaken Allah, so He has forsaken them. Verily, the hypocrites are the transgressors”: (67)
> ” Allah has promised the hypocrites, men and women, and the disbelievers the fire of hell where they will abide forever. This is sufficient for them. Allah has cursed them, and for them is a lasting chastisement”: (68)
Flag 43: An Encyclopedia of the Hypocrites: (Bara’at-9: 61-68)
> ” (O hypocrites you are) like those before you: they were stronger than you in strength and more abundant in wealth and children. They enjoyed their portion awhile, so you have enjoyed your portion awhile as those before you enjoyed their portion for a while, and you indulge in vain discourse. These are those whose work have come to naught in the world and the hereafter; and these! they are the losers”: (69)
Flag 44: Allah’s Verdict Concerning Hypocrite: (Bara’at-9: 69)
> ” Has not the news of those before them come to them: The people of Nuh and Ad and Thamud, and the people of Ibrahim, and the dwellers of Midian and the overthrown cities? Their messengers came to them with clear proofs. It was not Allah who did injustice to them, but they were unjust to themselves” : (70)
Flag 45: Allah’s Curse and Lasting Chastisement for Hypocrites: (Bara’at-9: 64-70)
> ” And the believing men and women are the guardians of one another; they enjoin good and forbid evil, and they establish the prayer and pay the poor-rate and obey Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad). On them Allah will bestow His mercy, Verily Allah is almighty, all-wise”: (71)
Flag 46: No Gender Gap in Islam: (Bara’at-9: 71)
> ” Allah has promised the believing men and women gardens in which rivers flow, where they will abide forever, and excellent mansions in the gardens of everlasting bliss. But the goodwill from Allah is the greatest of all-that-is the supreme achievement”: (72)
Flag 47: Allah’s description of believing men and women & the Bliss as their Reward: (Bara’at-9: 71-72)
> ” O Prophet! Strive hard against the infidels and hypocrites, and be severe to them. Their ultimate abode is hell, an evil destination”: (73)
Flag 48: Allah’s command for sustained fight & stern action against the infidels and hypocrites:(Bara-at-9:73 & Tahrim-66: 09)
(i) Allah’s command to fight against hypocrites with severity remained unattended till Ali ibn Abu Talib tackled them during his Caliphate.
> ” They swear by Allah that they did not say it, but surely they did utter the word of infidelity, and did disbelieve after their (profession) of Islam, and designed what they could not accomplish. They sought revenge because Allah and His Messenger had enriched them by His grace. If they repent it will be better for them, and if they turn back, Allah will punish them with a painful chastisement in this world and in the hereafter; and there shall not be for them on this earth any protector or helper”: (74)
Flag 49: Assassination attempt on the Holy Prophet:(Bara-at-9: 73-74)
(i) The incident refers to hypocrites attempting to assassinate the Holy Prophet. A group of twelve hypocrites planned the attempt while the Holy Prophet was returning from Tabuk. At the last moment when they intended to strike, lightning flashed and they ran away. The culprits were scared of being identified if the incident was reported in an ayat (surah). The same is referred to by Allah above.
> ” And of them are those are those who made a covenant with Allah: If He gives us out of His grace we will certainly give alms and we will certainly be of those who are righteous”: (75)
> ” But when He gave them out of grace, they became niggardly therewith and they turned back, averse”: (76)
> ” So, as a consequence,, He has put hypocrisy in their hearts to the day they shall meet Him, because they had failed to fulfill their word to Allah that they promised Him, and because they used to lie”: (77)
> ” Do they not know that Allah knows their hidden thoughts and their secret whispering, and that Allah is the knower of all things unseen”? (78)
Flag 50: Ingratitude leading to irreversible hypocrisy: (Bara’at-9: 75-78)
(i) Verse (Bara’at-10: 75) refers to Tha-laba bin Hatib, a very poor man, who on becoming rich ignored his covenant with the Holy Prophet and Allah.
> ” Allah will scoff at those who traduce those of the believers who give alms willingly and scoff at those who have nothing besides what they earn by their hard labor (to give in charity). For them (the scoffers) shall be a painful chastisement”: (79)
> Ask forgiveness for them (O Muhammad), or ask not forgiveness for them, even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah will never forgive them. This is because they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad), and Allah does not guide the transgressing people”: (80)
Flag 51: Looking down (Belittling) others an unforgivable crime: Even asking forgiveness for seventy (70) times inadequate: (Bara’at-9: 79-80)
(i) The usage of seventy times implies indefinitely much.
> ” Those who were left behind (in the expedition of Tabuk) rejoiced at a sitting (idle) behind the messenger of Allah, and were averse to striving in Allah’s way with their wealth and their lives; and they said: Do not go in this heat. Say: The fire of hell is fiercer in heat. If only they could understand”! (81)
> ” Therefore they shall laugh a little and weep much (as) a recompense for what they used to earn” ” (82)
> ” If, then, Allah brings you back to a party of them, and they ask your permission to go (to fight), say: You shall not go forth with me and nor you shall fight against an enemy with me; verily you chose to sit (idle) on the first occasion, so sit (now) with those who stay behind”: (83)
> ” And do not even pray for any of them who dies, nor stand at his grave; (for) verily they disbelieved in Allah and his messenger and they died in a state of perverse wickedness”: (84)
Flag 52: No Prayers at the Burial of the hypocrites: (Bara’at-9: 84)
(i) On the basis of the above, it could be concluded that standing at the graves of the faithful and true believers (for praying) had been an act which is liked and approved by Allah.
> ” Let not their wealth and their children astonish you; verily Allah only wishes to chastise them with these (things) in this world, and that their souls should depart while they are infidels” : (85)
> ” Whenever a surah is revealed (enjoining): Believe in Allah and strive hard (fight) along with His messenger: the well-to-do among them ask you for permission (to stay at home), and say: Leave us behind. We shall be with those who sit (at home)”: (86)
> ” They prefer to be with those (women, children and the sick) who stay behind (because) a seal has been set on their hearts, therefore they do not understand”: (87)
> ” But the messenger and those who believe with him strive hard (fight) with their wealth and their lives, for them are (all) good things and these are they who will be successful “: (88)
> ” Allah has prepared for them gardens in which rivers flow where they will abide forever. That is a great achievement”: (89)
> ” And there were, among the dwellers of the desert, men who came with excuses that permission might be given them (to stay behind), and those who lied to Allah and His messenger sat (at home); and a grievous chastisement shall shortly afflict those of them who disbelieve”: (90)
> ” There is no blame on the weak, nor on the sick, nor on those who do not find anything to spend, as long as they are sincere to Allah and His messenger. There is no way to blame those who do good, Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful”: (91)
> ” Nor (is there blame) on those who came to you to be provided with mounts by you, and you said: I do not find any means of conveyance for you. They went back and their eyes were flowing with tears of grief that they did not find any means to spend (in the cause)”: (92)
> ” Verily the way (of blame) is only against those who ask your permission (to stay behind) whilst they are rich, they prefer to be with those who remain behind. Allah has set a seal upon their hearts, so they do not know (what they miss)”: (93)
Flag 53: Revisiting Tabuk Expedition Drop-Outs and Allah’s Stern Command thereon: (Bara’at-9: 81-93)
Separa-10 (Wa-Lamu) endsSurah Al Bara’at (94-129) continues in Separa-11 (Ya-Tadhiruna)