Highlighted Quranic Listing-15

Separa 15: Subhanalladhi

The Highlighted Quranic listing of the Fifteenth Separa (Subhanalladhi) is here. An attempt has been made to simplify the tracking of the desired information. 

At the outset, it is necessary to acknowledge innumerable sources used in the compilation of this effort. No attempt has been made to list the references individually; but sincere thanks are due to all, individually and collectively. 

Road Map: 

  1. The list of (Flags) below is a subject-wise identification 
  2. Each (Flag) refers to the corresponding (verse or verses) and identifies (explanatory note), if any 
  3. Quranic verses of this (Separa) are listed and marked in a conventional way
  4. For example (Bani Israil-17: 01) refers to the first verse of Surah Bani Israil which is the Seventeenth Surah of the Holy Quran 
  5. Each verse commences and ends marked as (> “—–“: (number of the verse)
  6. >>> ” denotes the subject of the verse is continuing into the next verse
  7. All notes are numbered in parenthesis as (i), (ii), and so on 
  8. All a reader needs to do is review the listed (Flags), choose the desired subject and proceed to the indicated (Ayat) 
Contents hide


Separa 15: Subhanalladhi 

Surah Bani Israil (01-111) 
Surah Al Kahf (01-74) 


Surah Bani Israil


> ” Glory be to Him who carried His servant (Muhammad) by night from the Holy Masjid (at Makkah) to the farthest Masjid whose environment We have blessed, that We may show him Our signs; verily He is all-hearing, all-seeing”: (01)

Flag 1: The Ascension (Mairaj): (Bani Israil-17: 01:Najam-53: 06-18)


(i) The holy Prophet’s ascension was physical. 

(ii) During ascension the holy Prophet was able to travel at speeds unknown to contemporary Physics. 

(iii) During ascension the holy Prophet passed through the boundaries of the physical realm under the Divine influence (details beyond level of human knowledge).

(iv) Descension means his reappearance in physical form.

(v) The distance (two bows or still nearer) between the ‘Divine’ and the holy Prophet described in terms of (Qaba Qawsayn) represents the ultimate closeness between the infinite and finite on an unknown scale.

(vi) No created being could ever achieve parity with the creator based on any scale. In other words, no created being could ever become a creator. Accordingly, (Qaba Qawsayn) stands as an insurmountable barrier (not possible to physically define) between the Creator (Allah) {who does not owe His existence to any creator (not possible to describe Allah beyond this)} and His created being (Abd: Servant) which is the holy Prophet.

(vii) Allah is not a created being. It is not possible to limit His existence within the framework of any kind of physical concepts and/or parameters.

(viii) Any concept of Allah’s physical place of residence or a physical proximity to Him is not applicable. 

(ix) The mention of the holy Prophet seeing Allah physically or sitting with Him are spurious and must be rejected outright. 

(x) The holy Prophets ascension to the farthest stage where Allah’s cognition is achieved in the highest realm of creation referred as Masjid al Aqsa, the environment of which is blessed with Allah’s signs shown to the holy Prophet (Najam-53: 10-18)

(xi) The holy Prophet had an overview of the entire universe and its function from the blessed, exalted position including, but not limited to, all happenings from beginning to the end (Resurrection). 

(xii) To sum-up, based on the highly limited intellectual ability which remains prone to errors: Ascension could best be described as a Physical (not virtual), Intellectual and Visual Occurrence made possible by none other than the absolute owner of the (Kun faYa kun). 

> ” And We gave Musa the book (Tawrat) and made it a guidance for the children of Israil, (saying): Do not take other than Me as guardian”: (02) 

> ” O you, the offspring of those whom We bore (in the ark) with Nuh; verily, he (Nuh) was a grateful servant”: (03) 

Flag 2: (Tawrat) to Musa offspring of Nuh: (Bani Israil-17: 02-03)

> ” We announced to the children of Israil in the book: You will certainly make mischief in the land twice, and you will certainly become exceedingly arrogant”: (04) 

Flag 3: Jewish Mischiefs in the land: (Bani Israil-17: 04) 


(i) Prophets Daud and Isa had cursed Jews because they used to belie, persecute and even kill their prophets (Maidah-5: 78) 

> ” So, when the promise of the first of the two came, We sent over you Our servants who possessed terrible prowess; so they invaded the very inmost parts of your houses; and it was a warning (completely) fulfilled”: (05)

Flag 4: Children of Israil and Nebuchadrezzar: (Bani Israil-17: 05)

(i) Nebuchadnezzar II, also Nebuchadrezzar II: King of Babylon (605 BC – 562 BC): The longest-reigning and most powerful monarch of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. Jerusalem, was taken in 587 BC and completely destroyed while Jews faced a total annihilation.

(ii) The events are described in the Bible’s Books of Kings and Book of Jeremiah.

(iii) The ruins of Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon are spread over two thousand acres, forming the largest archaeological site in the Middle East. 

> ” Then We gave back to you the turn to prevail against them, and We aided you with wealth and children and made you a numerous host”: (06)

Flag 5: Allah’s Help and Jewish Reemergence: (Bani Israil-17: 06)


(i) Nebuchadnezzar’s empire was overthrown by the Persian conqueror Cyrus the Great (Zulqarnain) less than twenty-five years after Nebuchadnezzar’s death.

(ii) Jews were reestablished by (Zulqarnain) who delegated the task to Prophet Uzair (70 years) after its destruction by Nebuchadrezzar. 

> ” If you do good, you do good for your own selves; and if you do evil, it is (likewise only) for your own selves. So when (the time for fulfilling) the second promise came, (We roused against you another people) to cast a gloom upon your faces, and to enter the temple as they entered it first time, and to utterly destroy whatever they conquered”: (07) 

Flag 6: Jewish Destruction By Titus: (Bani-Israil-17: 07) 

(i) The Siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 AD was the decisive event of the First Jewish–Roman War, in which the Roman army captured the city of Jerusalem and destroyed both the city and its Temple. The Roman army was led by the future Emperor Titus. 

(ii) As the siege of the city ended the burning and destruction commenced. The Romans entered and sacked the Lower City. The Arch of Titus, celebrating the Roman sack of Jerusalem and the Temple, still stands in Rome. 

> ” It may be that your Lord will have mercy on you, but if you return (to disobedience and rebellion) We (too) shall return (with reprisals) . We have made hell a prison for the infidels”: (08) 

Flag 7: Allah’s Mercy & Warning: (Bani Israil-17: 08) 


(i) Jewish misery lasted till (1948) when Israil was established.

(ii) Further Jewish arrogance/mischief on earth is bound to endup in repercussions similar to those faced by them earlier. 

> ” Verily this Quran guides to that which is most upright, and announces glad tidings to the believers who do good deeds that they shall have a great reward”: (09) 

> ” As for those who do not believe in hereafter, We have prepared for them a painful chastisement”: (10) 

Flag 8: Quranic Guidance: Rewards for those who follow & punishment for its denial: (Bani Israil-17: 09-10) 

> ” Man prays for evil as he prays for good. Man is ever hasty”: (11)

Flag 9: Ever Hasty Man: (Bani Israil-17: 11-12)


(i) At times, a worried man in anger may curse self, family & others seeking Allah’s help. 

(ii) Prayers for immediate gains and/or forbidden things are other examples of ignorance. 

(iii) Such prayers, in haste, if accepted may lead to destruction and chaos and may remain beyond acceptance by Allah, the most merciful and all-wise.

(iv) The similitude between darkness of night with haste and and choice of a well considered option with the brightness of the day may be in order. 

> ” We have made night and day as two signs (of our power). Then We cause the sign of night to fade out and We make the sign of the day (sight-giving) so that you may seek grace from your Lord, and so that you may know the number of years and reckoning. We have explained everything in detail”: (12)

> ” We have made the destiny of every human being to cling to his neck, and We shall bring forth for him on the day of resurrection a book which he will find wide open: (13) 

> ” (It will be said to him): Read your book. Today, you yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against yourself”: (14) 

> ” Whosoever is guided aright, verily he is guided a right for his own self; and whosoever goes astray, verily he goes astray for his own loss. No one who carries a burden shall bear the burden of another>>>”: (15) 

Flag 10: Read Your Book of Deeds and stand witness against Yourself: (Bani Israil-17: 14-15)

>>> ” We do not chastise (a people) until We raise a messenger (among them)”: (15) 

> ” When We intend to destroy a town, We send commandment to its people who live in ease (to return to obedience), yet they transgress therein; then the word is proved against them; so We utterly destroy it”: (16)

> ” How many generations We have destroyed after Nuh! And your Lord suffices as the all-aware and the all-seeing for the sins of His servants”: (17)

Flag 11: Guidance and Messengers after Nuh: (Bani Israil-17: 15-17)

> ” Whosoever desires this fleeing (worldly life) We hasten to give him therein what We please to whomsoever We will: Then We appoint hell for him; he shall enter it, despised, driven away”: (18) 

> ” And whosoever desires for hereafter and strives for it as he ought to strive, and is a believer, then such are those whose striving shall be appreciated”: (19)

> ” We help them all, both these and those, from the bounty of your Lord; and the bounty of your Lord is not restricted”: (20) 

Flag 12: Allah’s Unrestricted Bounty for the Desirous (Doers of Evil or Good) alike: (Bani Israil-17: 18-21) 

> ” Behold how We made some of them excel over others; and surely hereafter is greater in degrees, and in excellence greater still”: (21) 

> ” Do not associate with Allah any other God, lest you sit down despised, forsaken”: (22) 

> ” Your Lord has commanded that you shall not worship (any) but Him, and do good to the parents, if one or both of them reach old age with you; (then) do not say fie to them, nor chide them, but say gentle words to them”: (23)

Flag 13: Discard Shirk, Worship Allah: Thereafter, Attending to Parents placed next best Worship in order of preference: (Bani Israil-17: 22-25)

> ” And lower to them the wing of humility out of compassion, and say: O my Lord! have mercy on them just as they nourished me when I was small”: (24)

> ” Your Lord knows best what is in your souls. If you are righteous, then verily He is oft-forgiving to those who turn repentant to Him”: (25) 

> ” Give to the near of kin his (her) dues>>>”: (26) 

Flag 14: Garden of Fadak given to Hazrat Fatima Zehra: (Bani Israil-17: 26)


(i) Next of Kin refers to Ahl ul Bayt. The Holy Prophet gave the Garden of Fadak to Bibi Fatima as soon as this Aayat was revealed. 

>>> ” and also to the needy and wayfarer, and do not squander wastefully”: (26) 

> ” (Because) the squanders are indeed the brothers of the devils;Shaytan is ever ungrateful to his Lord”: (27) 

> ” (But) if you (have to) turn away from (helping) them (due to your inability) seeking mercy from your Lord, then speak to them kindly”: (28)

> ” Let not your hand be shackled to your neck, nor stretch it forth to the utmost stretching, lest you sit down blamed, destitute”: (29)

> ” Verily your Lord provides sustenance with open hands to whomsoever He wills, and He measures it out (justly). Verily He is aware of (and) seeing His servants”: (30) 

Flag 15: Moderation & Kindness is Allah’s Way (Sunnat): Being Squanderer, A Crime: (Bani Israil-17: 26-30)

> ” Do not kill your children for fear of want. We provide sustenance for them and for you. killing them is certainly a great sin” : (31) 

Flag 16: Killing your children-Great Sin: (Bani-Israil-17: 31)

> ” Do not approach adultery; verily it is a shameful act and an evil way”: (32)

Flag 17: Go Not Near Adultery: (Bani Israil-17: 32)


(i) The Arabic word zina denotes the sexual intercourse between a man and a woman, whether married or unmarried (who are not husband and wife). 

(ii) The command eliminates all ways and paths that could lead to adultery: because it destroys the basis of the family structure; it works against the interests of children born or to be born and cuts asunder permanent bonds of the society. 

(iii) No religion or creed has so emphatically and comprehensively forbidden (Zina: Adultery) as Islam has done. 

> Do not kill anyone whom Allah has forbidden except in a just cause, and whomsoever is slain unjustly, then We have indeed given his heir authority, but let him not exceed the limits in slaying; verily he is helped (by the laws of Allah)”: (33) 

Flag 18: Forbidden Killing: (Bani Israil-17: 33: Maidah-5: 32)


(i) Killing an innocent individual equated with killing the entire humanity.

(ii) Spreading mischief on earth (Fasad-fil-Arz) regarded as grim as the murder.  

> ” Do not approach (use) the property of an orphan except in the best way until he attains full maturity>>>”: (34) 

Flag 19: Sanctity of Property of Orphans: (Bani Israil-17: 34: Nisa-4 02 & 10) 

>>> ” and fulfil the promise. Verily every promise shall be questioned about”: (34)

Flag 20: Sanctity of Promise: (Bani Israil-17: 34) 


(i) The all encompassing sanctity of promise (covenants, contracts,etc) in business and/or social dealings stands out as an Islamic milestone. 

(ii) Command applicable to all business, trading and /or social norms.

> ” Give full measure when you measure, and weigh on a balanced scale. This is good and eventually better in the end”: (35)

Flag 21: Equitable Give & Take all with Equity and Justice: Bani Israil-17: 35: Rahman-55: 09) 


(i) Allah’s legislative command with respect to business & trading. 

> ” Do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge, verily the ear, the eyes and the heart , each shall be questioned”: (36)

Flag 22: Wisdom Revealed by Allah: Dependence on Intellect based knowledge is Allah’s Way: (Bani Israil-17:36) 


(i) Guidelines for avoiding unnecessary business, strategic and/or social risks.

(ii) Emphasis on evaluation of (Business Risk Management) and keeping away from Gambling. 

(iii) Command applicable to entering into unnecessary unknowns with respect to religion, faith and/or the knowledge of unknowns such as (Spirit) and other meta-physical concepts. 

> ” Do not walk on the earth exultantly. Verily you cannot rend the earth, nor can you reach the (the height of ) the mountain in stature”: (37) 

Flag 23: Discard Pride & High Self Esteem: (Bani Israil-17: 37-38)


(i) Golden rule with respect to religious, social, political, corporate and business norms.

> ” The evil of all these is odious to your Lord”: (38) 

> ” This is the wisdom your Lord has revealed to you>>>”: (39)

Flag 24: Allah’s Wisdom Unfolded for the benefit of the Mankind: (Bani-Israil-17: 16-39) 


(i) The verses (Bani-Israil-17:16-39) lay down Allah’s Way (Sunnat) with respect to religious legislatory, political, business, corporate and business norms.

(ii) Think, contemplate and implement as best as possible, at lowest to highest level, as and when within the reach; individually and/or collectively. 

(iii) Adherence to Allah’s Way (Sunnat) is obligatory for success in this world and the hereafter. 

>>> ” therefore do not set up another god with Allah lest you be cast into hell, blamed and forsaken”: (39) 

> ” What ! Has your Lord preferred you by giving you sons, and taken for Himself daughters from (among) the angels? Verily you utter an awful saying”: (40)

> ” We have indeed displayed (Our warnings) in this Quran so that they may take heed; but it does not increase anything in them save aversion”: (41)

> ” Say (O Muhammad): If there had been other Gods with Him as they say, then certainly they would have been able to seek a way against the Lord of the arsh”: (42) 

> ” Glory be to Him! Exalted is He above what they say – high and great”: (43)

> ” The seven heavens and the earth, and whosoever is in them, glorify Him, there is not a single thing but that it glorifies His praise, but you do not understand their glorification. Verily He is forbearing, oft-forgiving”: (44) 

Flag 25: Stay away from Shirk:Glory be to the High and Great: (Bani Israil-17: 39-44): 

> ” When you (O Muhammad) recite the Quran, We place a hidden veil between you and those who do not believe in hereafter”: (45) 

> ” And We put covers over their hearts and a heaviness in their ears lest they should understand it, and when you mention your Lord alone in the Quran, they turn their backs in aversion”: (46) 

> ” We know best what they hear when they give ear to you and when they whisper secretly (against you), and the unjust say: you are only following a bewitched man”: (47) 

> ” Behold (O Muhammad) what similitude they coin for you, for they have gone (so far) astray (that) they can not find the (right) way”! (48) 

> ” They say: What ! When we become bones and decayed dust, then shall we really be raised up, as a new creation”? (49) 

> ” Say (O Muhammad): (Even if) you become stones and steel”: (50)

> ” Or a creature which in your minds, hardest (to be raised up, yet you will be raised up again). Then they will say: Who will cause us to return? Say: He who created you first! Then they will wag their heads at you and say: When will that be? Say: It may be very nigh”: (51) 

> ” On the day when He will call you forth and you will answer with His praises, and you think you tarried (in the graves) but a little while”: (52)

Flag 26: Allah unveils Disbelievers’ inner most thoughts and discourses: (Bani Israil-17: 45-52): 

> ” Say (O Muhammad) to My servants that they should (only) say that which is best. Verily Shaytan sows dissension among them. Verily Shaytan is an open enemy of man”: (53) 

> ” Your Lord knows you best; if He wills He will have mercy on you, or if wills He will chastise you; and We did not send you as a person who is responsible for them (the evil they do)”: (54) 

> ” Your Lord knows best (all) those who are in the heavens and the earth; and indeed We have exalted some of the prophets over the others and We gave Zabur to Dawud”: (55)

Flag 27: Shaytanic dissension: Exalted Prophets: Zabur given to Dawud: (Bani Israil-17: 53-55): 

> ” Say: Call those whom you fancy (to be gods) besides Him; they have no power to remove the distress from from you or to change it”: (56)

> “Those whom they call upon seek (for themselves) means of access to their Lord (to know) which of them is the nearest (to Him), and they hope for His mercy, and they fear His chastisement. Verily, the chastisement of your Lord is to be feared”: (57) 

> ” There is not a town We shall not destroy before the day of judgement, or chastise it with a severe chastisement; this is written in the book (of decree)”: (58) 

Flag 28: Challenge to seek help of associates? Destruction of towns before the ‘Day’: (Bani Israil-17: 56-58): 

> ” Nothing hinders us from sending signs save that the ancient people belied them. We gave to Thamud the she-camel as a clear sign, but they were unjust to her. We do not send signs except to warn people”: (59) 

Flag 29: Allah sends signs as warnings only: (Bani Israil-17: 59)

> ” (Remember) when We said to you: Verily, your Lord encompasses the people: We did not cause the vision which We showed you but as a trial for the people, and (likewise) the accursed tree in the Quran. (Thus) We instil fear in them; but only increases their inordinate transgression”: (60) 

Flag 30: The holy Prophet’s Dream:A vision into the future & Warning: (Bani Israil-17: 60)


(i) The holy Prophet’s vision into the future (dream) is not to be confused with his Ascension (Mairaj) which was a physical reality and not a dream. 

(ii) The mention of ‘to instil fear’ and the accursed tree of ‘Zaqqum’ was to warn the evil doers. 

(iii) The dream confirms that the warning shall only increase their inordinate transgression. 

(iv) On the authority of the (Ahlul Bayt): The dream (Monkeys sitting on the holy Prophet’s pulpit) was about (Umayyad) taking over the reigns of power after the holy Prophet.

(v) The period was to be the time of trial for the true believers in general and the (Ahlul Bayt) in particular. 

> ” And (remember) when We said to the angels: Prostrate before Adam! They all fell prostrate save Iblis (who refused). He said: Shall I prostrate myself before him whom you have created of clay”: (61) 

> ” Iblis said: Do you see this one whom You honoured above me? If You give me respite till the day of judgement, I will bring his progeny under my sway except a few”: (62)

Flag 31: Iblis recognises the Infallibles: Bani Israil-17: 62)


(i) The Infallibles are none other than the holy Prophet and the Ahlul Bayt (Ahzab-33: 33). 

> ” Allah said : Go you away; then whosoever of them follows you, verily hell is your recompense, a complete recompense”: (63) 

Flag 32: Journey from Iblis to the accursed driven away Shaytan: (Bani Israil-17: 61-63): 

> ” Disrupt whomsoever of them you can with your voice, and summon, and summon against them your cavalry and infantry; and share their riches and children with them, and make promises to them. But Shaytan promises them nothing but deceit” : (64) 

> “Verily, (as for) My servants, you shall not have any authority over them, and your Lord suffices as their guardian”: (65) 

Flag 33: Recognise Shaytanic forces (Cavalry, Infantry,etc): (Bani Israil-17: 64-65)


(i) Shaytanic instigates individuals through deceit and false promises. Such individuals join forces to form groups, tribes, pseudo faiths and religions. 

(ii) Shaytanic groups consist of hypocrites (Munafiqin) who may appear in the garb scholars, men of knowledge and riches, etc. 

(iii) Verse (Bani-Israil-17: 65) refers to such Shaytanic collections as his forces.

> ” Your Lord is He who drives for you ships in the sea that you may seek of His grace; verily He is unto you most merciful”: (66) 

> ” When distress touches you in the sea, all those whom you invoke leave you in the lurch, save He; but when He delivers you safely to the land, you turn away (from Him); and man is ever ungrateful”: (67) 

> ” What! Do you then feel secure that He will not cause a slope of the earth to swallow you up, or that He will not send against you a violent storm? Then you will not find any protector for yourself”: (68) 

> ” Or do you feel secure that He will not return you into (the sea) a second time, and then send upon you a fierce gale and drown you for what you disbelieved? Then you will not find any pleader for yourself against Us”: (69)

Flag 34: Recognise your true Lord: (Bani Israil-17: 66-69): 

> ” We have indeed honoured the children of Adam, and We carry them in the land and the sea, and We provide them with good things, and We have exalted them with marked exaltedness over most of those whom We have created”: (70)

Flag 35: The exalted Children of Adam: A qualified (Ashraful Makhloqat: Not un-restricted): (Bani Israil-17: 70)


(i) Above verse indicates the existence of other superior beings amongst Allah’s creations. 

> “(Remember) the day when We will summon every people with their leader (Imam); then whosoever is given his book (of deeds) in his right hand , then these shall read their book (joyfully), and they shall not be dealt with (even the breadth of thread) unjustly”: (71) 

Flag 36: On the ‘Day’ Each & Every People to be led by their Imam to receive Allah’s Judgment: (Bani Israil-17: 71) 


(i) Faithfuls shall be led by their Imams purified by Allah himself (Ahzab-33: 33).

> ” But whosoever is blind in this (life) he shall (also) be blind in the hereafter, and far astray from the (right) way”: (72) 

> ” And verily their purpose was to turn you away from that which We have revealed to you so that you should forge other than it against Us; and then certainly they would have taken you as a friend”: (73) 

> ” And were it not that We had firmly established you, you might have almost inclined to them a little”: (74) 

> ” In that case We would have surely made you taste double (torment) in this life, and a double (torment) after death, (and) then you would not have been able to find a helper against us for yourself”: (75) 

> ” Verily their purpose was to separate you with violence from the land that they might drive you forth from there, but then they would not have tarried behind you but a little”: (76) 

> ” This was Our way with those messengers We sent before you, and you shall not find a change in Our way”: (77) 

Flag 37: No change in Allah’s Way (Sunnat): Shaytanic Instigation against messengers: (Bani Israil-17: 72-77) 

> ” Establish prayers at the sun’s decline (from the meridian) till the darkness of the night, and recitation at dawn; verily recitation at dawn is witnessed”: (78)

> ” And (during a part ) of the night, forsake sleep for prayer, in addition to (obligatory prayers); may be your Lord will exalt you in a praised position”: (79)

Flag 38: Allah’s Commandment for Obligatory & Night (Optional: Tahajjud) Prayers: (Bani Israil-17: 78-79): 

> ” And pray: O my Lord, cause me to enter a goodly entrance and cause me to go out a goodly exit; and grant me an authority from your presence to assist (me)”: (80) 

Flag 39: Golden Prayer for all times: (Bani Israil-17: 80)


(i) On the authority of Ahl ul Bayt: Every believer should pray to Allah in these words (Arabic text). 

> ” And say: Truth has come and falsehood has vanquished; verily falsehood (by its nature) is bound to vanquish”: (81) 

Flag 40: The 12th Imam: (Bani Israil-17: 81 & Nur-24: 55) 


(i) The verse refers to the advent of 12th Imam. 

> ” We sent down the Quran which is healing and a mercy for the believers; but it adds nothing for the unjust but perdition”: (82) 

Flag 41: The Quran: A healing and Mercy: (Bani Israil-17: 82)

> ” When We bestow Our bounties upon man, he turns away and goes back (in reverse); and when evil touches him, he begins to despair”: (83)

> ” Say (O Muhammad): Each one acts according to his disposition, but your Lord knows best who (among you) is the best guide of the (right) path”: (84)

Flag 42: The Best Guide & the Right Path: (Bani Israil-17: 83-84) Note: 

(i) No compulsion in the religion but for indicators toward right path refer to (Urwatul Wusqa) the strongest handhold (Baqarah-2: 256) & (Anamta Alaihim: Fateha-01: 07) which are none other but the Ahlul Bayt, thoroughly purified by Allah himself (Ahzab-33: 33). 

> ” They ask you (O Muhammad) about the spirit. Say: The spirit is from command of my Lord, and you have been given the knowledge but a little”: (85)

Flag 43: The Spirit or Soul (Ruh): (Bani Israil-17: 85)


(i) Spirit or Soul (Ruh) may be visualised as a no-material and non-dimensional entity commanded by Allah alone. 

(ii) The Spirit (Ruh) and (Amr-e-Rabbi) or Allah’s Word (Kun faya Kun: Be & it is) have all appeared in the holy Quran. 

(iii) The Creation of the Intellect, Ignorance, Adam, the Universe, Isa, revelation of Allah’s books (Tawrat, Injil, Quran) are only a few examples.

(iv) The spirit (Ruh) is Allah’s grace that he bestows it by His command for a fixed duration on all living beings. Without the spirit/Soul (Ruh), all living beings are nothing but a shaped or unshaped, small or large quantity of mass similar to heap of clay,stone, coal, iron,etc. In a shaped form the same material body, once Allah bestows His command as spirit/Soul (Ruh) turning it into a living being. Conversely, once the Spirit/Soul (Ruh) is extracted from the body of a living being, immediately it turns into a collection of mass again. Depending on the will of Allah, the bestowed spirit/soul (Ruh) may be intelligent or non-intelligent. In any case, all explanations concerning spirit/Soul (Ruh) are essentially speculative at best, as Allah has already announced that its reality remains outside the knowledge of human beings. 

> ” If We had pleased We would certainly take away that which We revealed to you, then you would not (be able to) find any pleader for it for yourself against Us”: (86) 

Flag 44: Know that Allah could take away His Mercy from you?: (Bani Israil-17: 86-87) 

> ” Save mercy from your Lord; verily His grace upon you is great”: (87)


(i) The revealed book of Allah is the outcome of His command (Amr-e-Rabbi:Shura-42: 52) and if He wills He can take it away. 

(ii) In addition to the Quran, the holy Prophet followed by the (Ahlul Baty) are mercy from the Lord who can plead for the continuation of blessings from Him. Allah may withdraw both if He so wishes. 

 >” Say: (Even) if men and Gin get together to produce the like of this Quran, they will not (be able) to produce the like of it, though some of them become helpers of others”: (88) 

> ” We have displayed to the people, in this Quran , every (kind of) example yet most of the people (not only) refuse to accept (the truth) but (also) deny (it)”: (89)

Flag 45: The Holy Quran: A challenge to Human beings & Jinn put together: (Baqarah-2: 23: Yunus-10: 38: Hud-11: 13 & Bani Israil-17: 88-89)

> ” They say: we will never believe in you until you cause a spring to gush forth from the earth for us”: (90) 

> ” Or there be for you a Garden of date-palms and grapes and then in their midst you cause the rivers to gush forth explodingly”: (91) 

> ” Or cause the heaven to fall upon us in pieces as you assert or bring Allah and the angels (before us) face to face”: (92) 

> ” Or there be for you a house of gold, or you ascend to heaven; and we shall never believe in your ascending until you cause a book to be sent down to us which we may read. Say (O Muhammad): Glory be to my Lord! Am I anything but a man (who has been sent by Allah as) a messenger”? (93) 

> ” Nothing prevented the people from believing when the guidance came to them, other than (what) they said: What! Has Allah sent a man (like us) to be (His) messenger”? (94) 

> ” Say: If there were settled, in the earth, angels walking about in peace and quiet, We would surely sent down an angel to them from the heaven as a messenger”: (95)

> ” Say: Allah is sufficient as a witness between me and you, verily He is aware (of) and sees His servants: (96) 

Flag 46: Allah the Witness: Disbelievers’/infidels’ Demands & Allah’s Rejection: (Bani Israil-17: 90-96)

> ” Whomsoever Allah guides, he is indeed guided aright, and whomsoever He leaves to stray, then you shall never find any guardian for him other than Him. We shall gather them together on the day of resurrection (lying prone) on their faces, blind, dumb, and deaf: their abode shall be hell; so oft as it abates, We shall in crease the flame for them”: (97) 

> ” This is their recompense because they disbelieved in Our Signs, and (they) said: What! When we become bones and decayed dust, even then shall we really be raised up, as a new creation”: (98) 

> ” Do they not see Allah, who created the heavens and the earth, is certainly able to create like of them? He has decreed for them a term in which there is no doubt; but the unjust (not only) refuse to accept (the truth) but (also) deny (it)”: (99)

> ” Say: If you own the treasures of mercy of my Lord, then you would certainly withhold them for fear of spending; and man is indeed very niggardly”: (100)

Flag 47: Refusal to accept the (Truth) and it’s denial: The niggardly Man: (Bani Israil-17: 97-100)

> ” Verily We gave to Musa nine clear signs (miracles), so ask the Children of Israil when he came to them, Firawn said to him: Verily, I think that you, O Musa, are bewitched”: (101) 

> ” Musa said: Indeed, you know that no one has sent these (signs) save the Lord of the heavens and the earth; as eye-opening proofs; and I surely think that you, O Firawn, are surely doomed to perdition”: (102) 

> ” Then he resolved to turn them out of the land, so We drowned him and those who were with him, altogether”: (103) 

> ” After this We said to the Children of Israil: Dwell peacefully in the land, but when the later promise comes, We shall bring you all rolled together”: (104)

Flag 48: Musa’s Nine signs (Miracles): Dwell in peace and wait for Allah’s later promise: (Bani Israil: 101-104) 


(i) Later promise to follow was prophecy of upcoming events (arrival of Isa and then Muhammad with Quran). 

(ii) With the advent of Islam ‘We shall bring you all rolled together’ (Bani Israil-17: 104) was the advance warning given to the Children of Israil. 

(iii) A warning that ‘The Ultimate Religion‘ for all to be ‘Islam’ only.

> ” We have sent it down with truth, and with truth it has come down. We did not send you (O Muhammad) except as a giver of glad tidings and as warner”: (105)

> ” As it is Quran which We have apportioned so that you may recite to the people (by degree), with deliberation: and We have sent it down, gradually, in portions”: (106) 

Flag 49: The Holy Quran recited gradually in portions: (Bani Israil: 105-106)

> ” Say (O Muhammad) Believe in it or do not believe; verily when it is recited to those who have already been given the knowledge (Util ilm) before it, they fall down on their faces in prostration”: (107) 

Flag 50: Those already given the knowledge (Util Ilm): (Bani Israil-17: 107)


(i) “Utul ilm’ refers to (Rasekhoon fil ilm): The thoroughly purified by Allah himself (Imran-3: 7&8: Nisa-4:162:Bani Israil-17: 107): Reference: (Ahzab-33: 33).

> ” And they say: Glory be to our Lord ! Verily the promise of our Lord was ever to have been fulfilled”: (108) 

> ” They all fall down on their faces weeping , and it (the Quarn) increases their humility”: (109) 

Flag 51: Amongst those who fall down in Prostration when Quran is recited: (Bani Israil-17: 107-109)

> ” Say: Call upon Allah, or call upon AR Rahman (the beneficent); whichever name you call upon (is same because) to Him belongs the most beautiful names>>>”: (110) 

Flag 52: Call upon Allah, or Call upon Ar Rahman or any of His beautiful names: (Bani Israil-17: 110)

>>> ” Do not say your prayers too loudly or too low a voice, but seek a middle course between these two (extremes)”: (110) 

Flag 53: Prayers to be not too loud nor too low a voice: (Bani Israil-17: 110) 

> ” Say: All praise to be to Allah who has not taken (unto Himself) a son, neither He has any partner in the kingdom, nor has He any helper out of humility; and proclaim His greatness by extolling (His Glory)”: (111) 

Flag 54: Allah: No associate nor partner nor helper and He has not taken (unto Himself) a son: Extol Allah’s Glory: (Bani Israil-17: 111)

Surah Bani Israel ends 

Separa 15 (Subhanlladhi) continues 


Surah Al Kahf


> ” Praise be to Allah, who has sent down the book upon His servant , and has not caused therein any crookedness”: (01) 

> ” (He has made it) straight, in order that He may warn of a severe punishment from Him, and give glad tidings to the believers who do good, that theirs shall be a goodly recompense”: (02) 

> ” Wherein they will abide forever”:(03) 

Flag 55: The straightforward Quranic Message: Punishment/Reward for Evil/Good doers respectively: (Kahf-18: 01-03)

> ” And that He may warn those who say: Allah has taken a son”: (04)

> ” They have no knowledge of this, nor (had) their fathers. Grievous is the word that comes out of their mouths. They speak nothing but a lie”: (05)

> ” Yet it may be, if they do not believe in this announcement, that you will trouble yourself with grief on their account”: (06) 

Flag 56: How grievous & serious is the crime of associating a son to Allah: (Kahf-18: 04-06): 


(i) The last verse of previous surah (Bani-Israil-17: 111) closed with Allah’s emphatic denial of associating a son to Him. 

(ii) Also this surah (Kahf-18: 04) vehemently denounced the allegation and warned of extremely serious consequences for the same. 

> ” Verily We have made whatever is on earth as an adornment thereof, that We may test them (as to) which of them is best in conduct”: (07) 

> ” Verily We will make whatever is thereon bare, barren ground”: (08)

Flag 57: The earthly adornments and attractions are nothing but a trial: (Kahf-18: 07-08): 

> ” Or do you think that the men of the cave and the inscription were amongst Our wonderful signs”? (09) 

Flag 58: The Men of Cave: (Kahf-18: 09-22 & 25-26): 


(i) On the authority of Imam Jafar Sadiq: Makkan infidels in association with Jews of Najran planned to test the holy Prophet by asking him about ‘ Seven Sleepers of the Cave”. In response these verses were revealed. 

(ii) They lived in the city during Roman emperor Decius (249-251 AD) a tyrant and idle worshipper. He decreed all Christains to convert to idolatry or face execution.

(iii) Seven young men of the cave, devout followers of Prophet Isa, left the city and found a cave to hide themselves for protection. On the way they were joined by a dog.

(iv) They along with the dog slept for three hundred years as decreed by Allah while the cave was sealed from outside. 

(v) They along with the dog raised again on Allah’s command during the reign of Theodosius-II (408-450 AD) who was a Christian.

(vi) The ‘group of seven’ went in permanent sleep in the cave, at their own request to Allah, on hearing that the King was coming to visit them. Thereafter, the cave was sealed on orders of the KIng and treated as a relic. 

(vii) The location is in the vicinity of Damascus (Syria) near Hazrat Zainab’s tomb (Zainabia) and many people still go there for a pilgrimage. 

> ” When the youths sought refuge in the cave, they said: O our Lord, grant us mercy from You, and provide a right course for us in our affair”: (10)

> ” We sealed off their ears in the cave for a number of years”: (11)

> ” Then We raised them up that We might know which of the two parties could best reckon the period they had stayed there”: (12) 

> ” We relate to you their story with the truth. Verily, they were youths who believed in their Lord, and We increased them in guidance”: (13)

> ” And We strengthened their hearts when they stood up; then they said: Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth. Never shall we call upon any god other than Him; if we did, then we should indeed have said a great lie”: (14)

> ” These, our people, have taken gods other than Him. Why do they not bring a clear authority for what they do? Who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah”: (15) 

> ” (They said to each other): And when you have denounced them and what they worship besides Allah, take refuge in the cave; your Lord will bestow His mercy on you, and will provide you means of safety and comfort”: (16)

> ” You might have seen the sun, when it rose, moved away from their cave to the right, and, when it set, turned away from them to the left, while they were in the cleft thereof. This is among the signs of Allah. Whomsoever Allah guides, he is rightly guided; and whomsoever he leaves to stray, never shall you find for him a guide to show him the right way :(17) 

> ” You would have deemed them awake, whilst they were asleep. We turned them towards the right and towards the left; and their dog lay stretching out his paws on the threshold. Had you looked at them, you would have surely turned away from them in fright, and you would have been surely filled with awe of them”: (18) 

> ” In like manner We raised them up so that they might question each other. One of them said: How long have you tarried? They said: We have tarried a day or part of a day. Your Lord knows best, they said, how long you have tarried. So send one of you to the city with this money of yours, and let him see which of them has the purest (wholesome) food, then let him bring some provision from it, and let him be gentle and let him not make you known to any one”: (19)

> ” If they come to know you, they will stone you (to death), force you to go back to their creed; and then you will never succeed”: (20)

> ” Thus did We inform the people about them that they might know that the promise of Allah is true, and there is no doubt that the hour (of judgment) will come. When they disputed among themselves their affair, then they said: Build a monument over them; their Lord knows them best. Those who prevailed in their affair said: Certainly we shall build a masjid over them”: (21) 

Flag 59: Masjid over sacred resting place: (Kahf-18: 21) 


(i) Refers to making a Masjid over a sacred resting place becoming an act permitted by Allah himself. Thus no such action could be termed as (Shirk i.e. Associating anything with God) 

> ” They will say: They were three, and their dog was the fourth: and some will say: They were five and their dog was the sixth – guessing about a thing unknown – and some will say: They were seven , and their dog was eighth. Say (O Muhammad) My lord alone knows best their number; none but only a few know of them. Therefore do not contend about them except on a matter that is clear and do not enquire about them from any one”: (22) 

> ” Do not say of anything: Verily I will do it tomorrow”: (23) 

> ” Except ‘If Allah wills’. And remember your Lord when you forget, and say: It may be my Lord will guide me to a way nearer to rectitude than this”: (24)

Flag 60: (Insha Allah i.e. If Allah wills) Commandment & the ‘Correct’ Behaviour : (Kahf-18: 23-24) 

> ” (It is said) they stayed in the cave three hundred years , and add nine”: (25)

> ” Say: Allah (alone) knows best how long they stayed; with Him is (the knowledge of) the secrets of the heavens and the earth”>>>: (26)

Flag 61: Allah: The Knower of Secrets of Heavens & Earth: (Kahf-18: 26)

>>> ” How well He sees and hears! They have no guardian besides him, and He does not share His sovereignty with any one”: (26) 

Flag 62: Allah does not share His Sovereignty with any one: (Kahf-18: 26-27)

> ” Recite what has been revealed to you of the book of your Lord; None shall change His word, and none shall you find as a refuge other than Him”: (27)

> ” Keep yourself content with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His pleasure, and do not turn your eyes away from them, desiring the pomp of the life of this world; nor obey any whose heart We have made oblivious to our remembrance, who follows his own inclination, and whose case has transgressed the limits”: (28) 

Flag 63: Distinction amongst the Believers and Disbelievers: (Kahf-18: 28-29)


(i) This Aayat was revealed when a rich person asked the Holy Prophet to send away Salman (who was a very poor man) whenever he or wealthy people like him came to see the Holy Prophet. 

> ” Say: The truth is from your Lord; so let him who will, believe, and let him who will, disbelieve. Verily We have prepared for the unjust a fire the awning of which shall encompass them. If they cry for water, they shall be given liquid like molten brass which will scald their faces. Evil the drink, and vile the resting place”! (29) 

> ” Verily those who believe and do good deeds – verily We do not waste the recompense of any who does good deeds”: (30) 

> ” These (are the people) for whom are the gardens of eternity, beneath which the rivers flow, they shall be adorned therein with bracelets of gold, and they shall wear green robes of fine silk and brocade, reclining therein on raised couches, blissful is the recompense, and goodly is the resting place”: (31)

Flag 64: Good deeds are never wasted: (Kahf-18: 30-31): 

> ” Set forth to them the parable of two men. We gave one of them two gardens of grapes, and We surrounded both with date-palms and We put cornfields between the two”: (32) 

> ” Each of the gardens brought forth its fruit, and did not fail in the least therein, and We caused a river to gush forth in the midst of the two”: (33)

> “And he had fruit. He said to his companion, while he was conversing with him: I am greater than you in wealth, and I am mightier in respect of men”: (34)

> ” And he entered his garden, whilst he was unjust to himself. He said: I do not think that this will ever perish”: (35) 

> ” And I do not think that the hour will ever come: and even if I am brought back to my Lord, I will certainly find there a better resort than this”: (36)

> ” His companion said to him while conversing with him: What! Do you disbelieve in Him who created you from dust, then from a drop of semen, then fashioned you into a man”? (37) 

> ” But (as to me) He is Allah, my Lord, and I do not associate anyone with my Lord”: (38) 

> ” Why did you not say when you entered your garden: As Allah may will; there is no power but with Allah! If you see me less than you in wealth and children”: (39) 

> ” It may be that my Lord may give me (something) better than your garden, and may send on it (your garden) a thunderbolt from the heaven, and in the morning it becomes barren slippery dust”: (40) 

> ” Or its water may sink underground, so that you will never be able to find it”: (41)

> ” And his fruit was encompassed (with complete ruin). So he was wringing his hands over what he had spent on it, and it lay fallen on its trellises, and he said: Woe to me! Would that I had not associated with my Lord anyone”! (42)

> ” He had nobody to help him other than Allah, nor was he able to save himself”: (43) 

> ” Here (in such helplessness) the only protection comes from Allah, the true. He is the best in respect of rewarding, and the best in respect of requiting”: (44)

Flag 65: The protection is only from Allah Who is best in rewarding and requiting: (Kahf-18: 32-44)

> ” Set forth to them the similitude of the life of this world; (it is) like water which We send down from heaven, and the vegetation of the earth mingles with it and then becomes dry stubble which the winds scatter. Allah has power over everything”: (45) 

> ” Wealth and children are the adornments of the life of this world; but lasting good deeds are best in view of your Lord in respect of reward, and best in respect of hope (of getting His mercy)”: (46) 

> ” The day when We shall make the mountains to pass away and you will see the earth as a leveled plain, and We shall gather them, all together, (and) will not leave any of them behind”: (47) 

> ” And they shall be arraigned before you Lord in ranks; (and He will say): Now you have come to Us as We had first created you, even though you imagined We would never set a tryst for you”: (48) 

> ” And (when) the book of (deeds) shall be placed, then you will see the guilty fearful of what is (recorded) in it; and they will say: Woe to us! What a book this is! It does not leave any (sin) small or great, but has enumerated it! And they will find all they did present; and your Lord does not deal unjustly with anyone”: (49)

Flag 66: Resurrection: Just like the first Creation: What a Book? See it yourself lest it is too late! (Kahf-18: 45-49)

> ” When We said to angels: Fall prostrate before Adam, then they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He was of the jinn, and he transgressed the command of his Lord. What! will you then take him and his progeny as friends instead of Me? They are your enemies. Evil would be the exchange for unjust”: (50) 

> ” I did not call them to witness the creation of the heavens and earth, nor (even) their own creation; nor am I one to take those who lead (people) astray as helpers”: (51) 

Flag 67: Iblis a jinn and his progeny: (Kahf-18: 50-51)

> ” And on the day when He will say: ‘Call on those whom you thought to be My partners’: And they will call on them, but they will not listen to them, and We shall set a valley of perdition between them”: (52) 

> ” And the guilty shall see the fire, and apprehend that they are about to fall into it, and they will not find a way of escape from it “: (53) 

Flag 68: Seek Help from those whom you used to Associate with Allah: (52-53)

> ” And indeed We have displayed for mankind in this Quran every kind of similitude; but man is, in most things contentious”: (54) 

> ” There is nothing to prevent people believing, when the guidance has come to them, and from asking for forgiveness of their Lord, except (they want) what happened to the ancients should overtake them, or the chastisement should come to them face to face”: (55) 

> ” We never send messengers save as bearers of glad tidings and warners. Those who disbelieve dispute with falsehood in order to refute the truth therewith; and they take My signs and that by which they have been warned as jest”: (56) 

> ” And who is more unjust than he who when he is reminded of the signs of his Lord turns away from them, and forgets what his two hands have sent forth? Verily We have set veils over their hearts lest they understand it, and a heaviness in their ears. If you call them to guidance, (even then) they will never be guided aright”: (57) 

> ” But your Lord is oft forgiving, owner of mercy, Were He to seize them for what they earn, surely He would have hasten on the chastisement for them; but for them is a tryst beside which they shall never find a place to take refuge”: (58)

> ” (as for) these habitations, We destroyed them when they committed iniquities: even so We had appointed for their destruction a tryst”: (59) 

Flag 69: The Contentious Man: (Kahf: 54-59): 

> ” And (remember) when said Musa to his page: I will not cease until I reach the junction of the two seas, or go on for years”: (60) 

> ” When they reached the junction of two (seas), they forgot their fish and it took its way into the sea by making a burrow”: (61) 

> ” When they had gone (some distance), he said to his page : Bring us our morning-meals; surely we have suffered much fatigue in this journey of ours”: (62) 

> ” He said did you see (what happened) when we took refuge on the rock? Verily I forgot the fish; and nothing but Shaytan made me forget to mention it, and it took its way into the sea – a wonder”! (63) 

> ” (Musa) said: That is exactly what we were seeking! So they retraced their steps”: (64) 

> ” Then they found one of Our servants whom We had vouchsafed mercy from Us, and We had taught him knowledge from ourselves”: (65) 

> ” Musa said to him: Shall I follow you on the condition that you teach me the right way of what you have been taught? (66) 

> ” He said: Verily you will not be able to have patience with me”: (67)

> ” How can you have patience about that of which you do not have comprehensive knowledge”? (68)

> ” (Musa) said: You will find me, if Allah wills, patient, and I shall not disobey you in any manner”: (69) 

> ” He said: If you follow me, do not ask me about anything until I myself mention of it to you”: (70) 

> ” Then they went their way till they embarked in a boat in which he made a hole; (and Musa) said: You have made a hole in it to drown the passengers. Verily you have done a strange thing”: (71) 

> ” He said: Did I not tell you that you will not be able to have patience with me”: (72) 

> ” (Musa) said: Do not censure me for what I forgot, and do not burden me with difficulty in my affairs”: (73) 

> ” Then they went on their way till they met a boy, whom he killed. (Musa) said: You have killed an innocent person who had slain none. Verily you have done an abominable thing”! (74) 

Flag 70: Musa & the Chosen Servant of Allah (Khizr: according to Traditions): (Kahf-18: 60-82)

Separa-15 (Subhanulladhi) ends 

Surah Al Kahf (75-110) continues in the Separa-16 (Qala Alam)