Highlighted Quranic Listing-18

Highlighted Quranic listing of the eighteenth Separa (Qad Aflaha) is here. An attempt has been made to simplify tracking of the desired information. 

At the outset, it is necessary to acknowledge innumerable sources used in the compilation of this effort. No attempt has been made to list the references individually; but sincere thanks are due to all, individually and collectively. 

Road Map: 

  1. The list of (Flags) below is a subject-wise identification 
  2. Each (Flag) refers to the corresponding (verse or verses) and identifies (explanatory note), if any 
  3. Quranic verses of this (Separa) are listed and marked in a conventional way
  4. For example (Nur-24: 35) refers to the thirty-fifth verse of Surah An-Nur which is the twenty-fourth Surah of the Holy Quran. 
  5. Each verse commences and ends marked as (> “—–“: (number of the verse)
  6. >>> ” denotes the subject of the verse is continuing into the next verse
  7. All notes are numbered in parenthesis as (i), (ii), and so on 
  8. All a reader needs to do is review the listed (Flags), choose the desired subject and proceed to the indicated (Ayat) 
Contents hide


Separa 18 (Qad Aflaha)

Surah Al Muminun (01-112) 
Surah Al Nur (01-64) 
Surah Al Furqan (01-20) 


Surah Al Muminun 


> ” Successful indeed are the believers”: (01) 

> ” Those who in their prayers are humble”: (02) 

> ” Those who turn from (everything) vain”: (03) 

> ” Those who are active in deeds of purification”: (04) 

> ” And those who guard their private parts -“: (05) 

> ” Except from their wives or those whom their right hands possess; then verily they are not blamed”: (06)

Flag 1: Characteristics of the successful ‘Believers’ : (Muminun-23: 01-06) 

> ” But whosoever seeks beyond that, then it is these who are the transgressors”: (07)

Flag 2: Who are transgressors: (Muminun-23: 07)

> ” Those who (honestly) manage their trusts and keep their promises”: (08) 

> ” Those who (strictly) guard their prayers”: (09) 

Flag 3: Beyond being Amongst ‘Muminun’: (Muminun-23: 08-09)


(i) Significance of (Trusts) and (Promises) in all walks of life (Governance, Business, Trading, Corporate Affairs, Public Relationship, Humanitarian Aspects, Politics, Financial Matters, War & Peace, Social Norms, Judicial Norms, Honouring the rights of each and everyone, etc) constitute the additional integral requirements from Muminun alongwith fulfillment of all Wajibats (Obligations) & Mustahibats (Optional Virtues). 

(ii) The trusts & promises include covenants with Allah and all other types of worldly contracts & bindings mutually agreed upon. 

(iii) Ghadir Khum covenant of the faithfuls with Allah (Maidah-5: 01,03, 07& 67) remains included therein. 

> ” These! are the (real) heirs”: (10) 

> ” Who inherit paradise? There they shall abide”: (11) 

Flag 4: The True inheritors of Paradise (Jannat): (Muminun-23: 10-11)


(i) The compliance with the criterion laid down in verses (Mominun-23: 01-06 & 08-09) have been guaranteed for inheriting a place in the Paradise (Jannat). 

> ” Verily We created man from an extract of clay”: (12) 

> ” Then We made him of a sperm, in a firm resting place”: (13) 

> ” Then We made the sperm into a clot, then We made the clot into a lump of flesh, then We made in the lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh; thereafter We caused it to grow into another creation; so blessed be Allah, the best of the creators”: (14) 

Flag 5: Human Biology of Creation revealed by Quran fourteen hundred years ago: (Muminun-23: 12-14)


(i) Another creation in verse (Muminun-23: 14) refers to the beginning of the human psyche. 

(ii) Concept described in contemporary scientific language: Fertilization, the joining of sperm and egg, typically occurs in the fallopian tube, after sperm have made the long swim up through the vagina, past the cervix, and through the uterus. Fertilization brings together the chromosomes from each parent, creating the first cell, or zygote, of the new human. Because a human egg lives no longer than 24 hours after ovulation and human sperm live no longer than 72 hours, intercourse that occurs in the three-day period prior to ovulation or within the day after ovulation is the only chance of fertilization during a given month. 

> ” Then verily after that you shall die”: (15) 

> ” Then verily on the day of judgement you shall be raised up”: (16) 

Flag 6: Physical Death, Resurrection & Communion with Allah to receive Judgement: (Muminun-23: 15-16)

> ” And certainly We made above you seven paths (heavens); and We are not heedless of the creation”: (17) 

Flag 7: The Physical & Spiritual Spheres Created by Allah: (Muminun-23: 17) 


(i) The verse describes creation of seven physical spheres. 

(ii) Holy Prophet’s Ascension (Mai’raj) provides glimpses of the spiritual spheres. 

> ” We send down water from heaven according to (due) measure, and We cause it to settle in the earth; We are able to take it away”: (18) 

> ” With it We grow gardens of date-palms and grapes for you, and for you therein are fruits in plenty, and you eat therefrom”: (19) 

Flag 8: Life based on Water & the Water Cycle: Allah’s Unique Creation: Due & Fixed Measure: (Muminun-23: 18-19) 


(i) In verse (Anbiya-21:18); {(due) measure}, is essentially a scientific statement. 

(ii) References (Rad-13: 08 & Furqan-25: 02). 

> ” And a tree that grows on mount Sinai which produces oil and seasoning for those who eat”: (20) 

Flag 9: The blessed Olive tree: (Muminun-23: 20 & Nur-24: 35) 

> ” Verily there is a lesson for you in cattle. We give you to drink of what is in their bellies; there are, of them, many benefits for you; and of them you eat”: (21) 

> ” And on them and on ships you are borne (carried) : (22) 

Flag 10: Think of Allah’s Favours! (Muminun-23: 17-22) 

> ” We sent (Nuh) to his people, and he said: O my people, worship Allah. You have no god other than Him. Will you not then guard yourself against evil”? (23) 

> ” But the chiefs of those who disbelieved among his people said: This is only a man like you who intends to exalt himself above you; but had Allah willed, He would certainly have sent down angels. We have not heard of this among our fathers of old”: (24) 

> ” He is certainly a man possessed, so bear with him for a while”: (25) 

> ” (Nuh) said: O my Lord, help me against them, for they belie me”: (26) 

> ” So We revealed to him: Make the ark before Our eyes and (as per) Our revelation; then when Our command comes and oven gushes water, put a pair of every species in it, and your people except those among them about whom the word has already gone forth; and do not address Me in respect of those who are unjust; for verily they shall be drowned”: (27) 

> ” When you are settled, you and those with you, in the ark, say: Praise be to Allah who has delivered us from the unjust people”: (28) 

> ” And say: O my Lord, disembark me with a blessed disembarkation, for you are the best of those who enable to disembark”: (29) 

Flag 11: Nuh Prays: (Muminun-23: 28-29) 

> ” Verily in this there are signs, and We certainly try people: (30) 

> ” Then after them We raised another generation”: (31) 

> ” Then We sent among them a messenger from among themselves (saying ): Worship Allah. For you, there is no god but He. What! Will you not, therefore, safeguard yourself against evil”? (32) 

> ” The chiefs of his people, who disbelieved and belied the meeting of the hereafter, and whom We had richly provided in the life of this world said: This is no more than a man like ourselves; he eats of what you eat and drinks of what you drink”: (33) 

> ” So if you follow a man like yourself verily then you will be losers”: (34) 

> ” What! Does He promise you, when you are dead and become dust and bones, shall (again) be brought forth”? (35) 

> ” Far, very far is what you are promised”: (36) 

> ” There is nothing but our life in this world; we die and we live, and we shall not be raised again”: (37)

> ” He is nothing but a man who has forged a lie against Allah, and We are not going to believe in him”: (38) 

> ” The prophet said: O my Lord help me against them, for they belie me”: (39) 

> ” (Allah) said: In a while, they will regret”: (40) 

> ” The (awful) cry overtook them in truth, and We made them look like rubbish. So away from the unjust people”! (41) 

> ” Then after them We raised other generations”: (42) 

> ” No people can hasten their (fixed term, nor can they delay (it)”: (43) 

Flag 12: No hastening or delay in the fixed term of life: (Muminun-23: 43) 

> ” Then We sent our messengers one after another. Whenever their messenger came to a people they belied him, so We caused some to follow the others and turned some (of them) into bygone tales. So away with the people who do not believe”! (44) 

> ” Then We sent Musa and his brother, Harun, with our signs and a manifest authority”: (45) 

> ” To Firawn and his chiefs, but they behaved proudly, and they were a haughty people”: (46) 

> ” And they said: What! Shall We believe in two men like ourselves while their people are servile to us”? (47) 

> ” So they belied them and they became of those who were destroyed”: (48) 

> ” Verily We gave Musa the book, that haply they may be guided aright”: (49) 

> ” We made the son of Maryam and his mother a sign, and We gave them both refuge on a plateau, where there was rest and security, watered by a spring”: (50) 

> ” (Said Allah): O you messengers, eat of the good things, and do good, verily I know what you do”: (51) 

Flag 13: Allah’s messengers in succession: (Muminun-23: 23-51) 

> ” Verily this group is one group, and I am your Lord, so fear Me”: (52)

> ” But they (their followers) have divided up their affair among themselves into sects; each sect rejoices in that which is with them”: (53) 

> ” So leave them in their (overwhelming ) ignorance till a (certain) time”: (54) 

Flag 14: Messengers to Mankind: A Single Group without Divisions, Groupings and/or Sectarianism: (Muminun-23: 52-54 & Anbiya-21: 92-93) 

> ” Do they think that by increasing their wealth and children”: (55) 

> ” We are hastening to them with good things? Nay, they do not understand”: (56) 

Flag 15: Gone Astray (Derailed): Lacking in comprehension! (Muminun-23: 55-56)

> ” Verily those who live in awe for fear of their Lord”:(57)

> ” And those who believe in the signs of their Lord”: (58) 

> ” And those who do not associate (anything) with their Lord”: (59) 

> ” And those who give what they give (in charity) while their hearts tremble with fear that they have to return to their Lord”: (60) 

> ” (Are the ones) who hasten to goodness, and they are the foremost in (attaining) them”: (61) 

> ” We task not a soul except according to its capacity; and with Us is a book; it speaks the truth, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly”: (62) 

Flag 16: The Righteous & the Book of Truth: No Soul to be tasked beyond its Capability: (Muminun-23: 57-62)

> ” Nay, their hearts are in (overwhelming) ignorance about this, and there are besides that, deeds of theirs, which they (continue) to do”: (63) 

> ” Until We seize the luxurious ones of them with chastisement; behold! they cry in supplication”: (64) 

> ” (it will be said): Cry not for help today; verily you shall not be helped by Us”: (65) 

> ” Verily My signs were recited to you, but you used to turn back on your heels”: (66) 

> ” Puffed up with pride against it (Quran) discoursing by night, reviling”: (67)

> ” Why do they not ponder over the word (Quran)? Or has that come to them which had not come to their fathers of old”? (68) 

> ” Or do they not recognise their messenger, that they deny him”? (69) 

> ” Or do they say: There is madness in him? Nay, he has brought the truth to them, but most of them abhor the truth”: (70) 

> ” And were the truth to follow their whims, certainly the heavens and the earth and all those that are in them would have been ruined. Nay, he has brought to them their reminder, but they turn aside from their reminder”: (71) 

> ” Or is it that you ask them any tribute? but the recompense of your Lord is best; and He is the best of those who give sustenance”: (72) 

> ” Verily you call them to straight path”: (73) 

> ” Verily those who do not believe in the hereafter are deviating from the (right) path”: (74) 

> ” If We have mercy on them and remove the stress they are in, they would obstinately persist in their transgression, blindly wandering on”: (75) 

> ” We had seized them with the chastisement, but they did not submit themselves to their Lord, nor did they humble themselves (to him)”: (76) 

> ” Until, We opened on them a door of severe chastisement, lo! thereat they plunged in despair”: (77) 

> ” He it is who brought forth for you hearing, sight, and hearts; little it is that you give thanks for”: (78) 

> ” He it is who multiplied you in the earth and to Him you shall be gathered”: (79) 

> ” He it is who gives life and (causes) death, and (in) His (control) is the alteration of night and day. Do you not then understand”? (80)

> ” Nay, they say like of what the ancients said”: (81) 

> ” They say: What! when we are dead and become dust and bones, shall we (even) then be raised”? (82) 

> ” Certainly this we have been promised, we and (also) our fathers, aforetime, but this is not but fables of the ancients”: (83) 

Flag 17: Know the Hard Facts? Do not Ignore it & Think! (Muminun-23: 78- 83)

> ” Say (O Muhammad): Whose is the earth and whosoever in it, if you know”? (84) 

> ” They will say: “Allah’s. Say: Will you then not reflect?”: (85) 

> ” Say: Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, and the Lord of the glorious throne”? (86) 

> ” They will say: (They belong) to Allah. Say: Will you not then safeguard yourself against evil”: (87) 

> ” Say: Who is it in Whose hands is the kingdom of all things, Who protects (all) but is never protected (of any)? If you know”: (88) 

> ” They will say: To Allah (it belongs). Say: How then you are beguiled”? (89) 

> ” Nay, We have brought truth to them, and verily they are liars”: (90) 

Flag 18: Re-Evaluate Your Natural Responses cited above & Reach a logical Conclusion: (Muminun-23: 84-90) 

> ” Allah has never begotten a son, nor is there any god along with him; else would each god have certainly taken away what he had created with him, and some of them would certainly have overpowered others. Glory be to Allah above what they attribute (to Him)”! (91) 

> ” Knower of the seen and unseen. So exalted is He above what they associate (with Him)” : (92) 

Flag 19: Hardcore Infidelity & Sustained Disbelief & Shirk leading to Allah’s Irreversible Chastisement: (Muminun-23: 63-92) 

> ” Say: O my Lord, if I am made to see what (punishment) has been promised them”: (93) 

> ” Then do not, O my Lord, put me among the unjust people”: (94) 

> ” Verily, We are able to make you see what We have promised them”: (95) 

> ” : Repel evil with that which is best. We know well what they attribute (to you)”: (96) 

> ” And say: O my Lord, I seek refuge in you from the (evil) promptings of the devils”: (97) 

> ” I seek refuge in you, O my Lord, lest they come to me”: (98) 

Flag 20: Seek Allah’s Protection & Refuge: (Muminun-23: 93-98)


(i) A partition/barrier (Barzakh) mentioned in the holy Quran at three places. 

(ii) Barzakh (a partition-a barrier): the place or state in which people will be after death up to the resurrection (Muminun-23: 100). 

(iii) Further references (Araf-7: 46& Furqan-25: 53) 

> ” (They remain in delusion) until, when death comes to one of them, he says: My Lord, send me back again (in the world)”: (99) 

> ” That I may do good in that which I left behind. By no means! It is but a word he says; and before them is barrier until the day they shall be raised (again)”: (100) 

Flag 21: Interim State Barrier (Barzakh: Time between death and resurrection): (Muminun-23: 99-100)

> ” When the trumpet is blown, there shall be no ties of relationship between them that day, nor shall they ask after one another”: (101) 

> ” Then (those) whose scales (of good deeds) are heavy, they shall be successful”: (102)

> ” Those whose scales are light, they are those who shall lose their soul, abiding in hell”: (103) 

> ” The fire shall scorch their faces and they shall be writhing with pain and agony therein”: (104) 

> ” (It will be said): Were not My signs rehearsed to you? And then you used to belie them”: (105) 

> ” They will say: O our Lord, our evil fortune overcame us, and we remained a people astray”: (106) 

> ” O Our Lord, take us out of it; then if we return (to evil) verily we shall be unjust”: (107) 

> ” (Allah will say): Remained condemned in it and speak not to Me”: (108) 

> ” Verily, there was a group of My servants who said: O Our Lord we believe, so forgive us and have mercy on us, and You are the best of merciful”: (109)

> ” But you treated them with ridicule until they made you neglect My remembrance, while you laughed at them”: (110) 

> ” Verily, I have recompensed them this day for they were patient; verily they are the achievers”: (111) 

> ” He will say: How many years did you tarry in the earth”? (112)

> ” They will say: We tarried a day or part of the day; ask those who keep a count”: (113) 

> ” (Allah will say)” You tarried but a little if you only knew”: (114)

> ” What ! Do you think We created you in vain and that you shall not return to Us”? (115) 

Flag 22: The Day of Judgement: (Muminun-23:101-115) 

> ” Therefore exalted be Allah, the true (real) king. There is no god but He, the Lord of the glorious throne of grace”: (116) 

> ” Whoever invokes another god apart from Allah for which he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Verily, the disbelievers shall not be successful”: (117) 

Flag 23: The True King (Rabul Arsh-il-Karim): Infidels Destined to Fail: (Muminun-23: 116-117)

> ” Say (O Muhammad): O My Lord, forgive and have mercy, You are the best of the merciful” : (118) 

Flag 24: Pray in Earnest to Allah: (Muminun-23: 118)

Surah Al Muminun ends 

Separa-18 (Qad Aflaha) continues 


Surah An Nur


> ” (This is) a surah (chapter) which We have sent down, and which We have ordained; and We have sent down therein clear signs, in order that you may take heed”: (01) 

Flag 25: The ordained chapter: (Nur-24: 01): 


(i) This Surah (An Nur) Allah’s existence is likened to light unto which He guides His believing servants (Nur-24: 35).

> ” The adulteress and the adulterer, scourge you each one of them with a hundred stripes, and let not pity for them deter you from (enforcing) the law of Allah if you believe in Allah and the last day; and let a party of believers witness their punishment”: (02)

> ” The Adulterer does not marry (cohabit) but an adulteress or an idolatress, and the adulteress does not marry (cohabit) but an adulterer or an idolator. This is forbidden to believers”: (03)

> ” Those who accuse protected (chaste) women and they do not bring four witnesses, scourge them with eighty stripes, and do not accept their testimony forever. They are the wicked (transgressors)”: (04) 

> ” Save those who afterwards repent and make amends. Verily Allah is oft-forgiving and merciful”: (05) 

> ” As for those who accuse their wives and do not have witnesses except themselves, then the testimony of one of them (shall be taken) four times (swearing) by Allah that verily he is of those who speak the truth”: (06) 

> ” And the fifth (oath) should be that curse of Allah be on him if he is one of those who lie”: (07) 

> ” It shall avert the punishment from her if she swears four times by Allah as testimony that verily he is of the liars”: (08) 

> ” And the fifth (oath) should be that the wrath of Allah be on her if he be of those who speak the truth”: (09) 

> ” Had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy, and that Allah is oft-forgiving, all-wise (you would have been ruined indeed)”: (10) 

Flag 26: The Adulteress and the Adulterer: Accusations and Witnesses (Nur-24: 02-10)

> ” Verily those who have brought forth the slander are a gang among you. Do not think it to be an evil to you. Nay, it is good for you. To every man of them (will come the punishment) of the sin he has earned; and for him who took the greater part therein shall be a grievous chastisement”: (11) 

> ” Why did not the believing men and believing women, when you heard of it, think well of their people and say: This is a clear slander”: (12)

> ” Why did they not produce four witnesses? And since they did not produce witnesses, with Allah they are themselves liars”: (13)

> ” Had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy upon you in this world and the hereafter, a grievous chastisement would have seized you for the wicked slander”: (14) 

> ” When you published it with your tongues and uttered with your mouth what you did not know, and took it lightly – while with Allah it was serious “: (15) 

> ” Why did you not say when you heard it: It is not for us to talk of it. Glory be to You (O Lord)! This is a serious slander”: (16) 

> ” Allah admonishes you that you never revert to the like thereof, if you are (true) believer”: (17) 

> ” Allah makes the signs clear to you. Allah is all-knowing, all-wise”: (18) 

> ” Verily those who love to spread scandal about those who believe shall have a grievous chastisement in this world and the hereafter. Allah knows and you do not know”: (19) 

> ” Had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy on you, and that Allah is compassionate and merciful (you would have been ruined indeed)”: (20) 

> ” O you who believe, do not follow in the footsteps of Shaytan, for he who follows in the footsteps of Shaytan, then he enjoins (on him) filth and evil. Had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy on you, not one of you would ever have been clean, but Allah cleanses whom He pleases. Allah is all-hearing, all-knowing”: (21) 

> ” Let not those who have large means among you swear that they will not give to the near of kin and the poor and the emigrants in the way of Allah. They should forgive and overlook (their failings). What! Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful”: (22) 

Flag 27: Dissemination of Scandalous News & Rumour Mongering: Allah’s Alert & Warning: (Nur-24: 11-22)


(i) The incident occurred on the return from the defensive expedition of Banu Mustaliq.

(ii) The holy prophet’s wife (Aisha) who missed the Caravan enroute due to a mixup and was brought back later on by a companion who was left behind to pick up anything left behind inadvertently. 

(iii) The ring leader of Madina hypocrite (Abdullah Ibn Ubay supported by Mistah) used the occasion to spread a scandal campaign. Mistah in spite of being a companion was punished for his role. 

(iv) Verse (Nur-24: 22) refers to (Abu Bakr) who withdrew his help to Mistah (cousin) due to his part in the incident. Forgiveness has been identified as a better option being inline with the highest standard of Islamic ethics. 

> ” Verily those who accuse protected (chaste), unsuspecting, believing women shall be cursed in this world and the hereafter; and for them shall there be a grievous chastisement”: (23) 

> ” On the day (when) their tongues and their hands and their feet will bear witness against them as to what they used to do”: (24) 

> ” On that day Allah will pay them their just due, and they will know that Allah is self-evident truth”: (25) 

> ” Depraved women are for depraved men, and depraved men are for deprived women, and clean women are for clean men, and clean men are for clean women. These (wrongly accused) are free from what they say. For them, there is forgiveness and an honorable sustenance”: (26) 

Flag 28: False Accusations: (Nur-24: 23-26) 

> ” O you believe, do not enter houses other than your own house, until you have become familiar with each other, and saluted the inmates. This is best for you that you may remember”: (27) 

> ” If you do not find anyone therein, then do not enter until permission is given to you; and if it is said to you” ‘Go back’, then go back, for it is purer for you. Allah knows what you do”: (28) 

> ” There is no blame on you if you enter uninhibited houses wherein there is your property, Allah knows what you disclose and what you hide”: (29) 

Flag 29: Honouring Individual Privacy: (Nur-24: 27-29)

> ” Say (O Muhammad) to the believing men to lower their eyes and guard their private parts. That is purer for them. Verily Allah is aware of what you do”: (30)

> ” And so to the believing women to lower their eyes, and guard their private parts, and not display their adornment save what is apparent outwardly, and draw their veils over their bosoms, and not to display their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or the father of their husbands or their sons, or the sons of their husbands, or their brothers, or their brothers sons or their sisters sons, or their women or those whom their right hands possess, or male servants free of sexual needs, or children not yet conscious of women’s nakedness. Let them not strike their feet so as to make known what they hide of their adornment. O believers, turn you all together repentant to Allah in order that you may be successful”: (31) 

Flag 30: Allah’s Commands concerning behaviour norms for men and women: (Nur-24: 30-31)

> ” Marry off those who are single among you, and those of your male and female servants who are righteous. If they are poor Allah will, out of His grace, give them means. Allah is bounteous, all-knowing”: (32) 

> ” Let those who do not find means to marry abstain (from what is lawful) until Allah, by His grace, gives them means. And those from among those whom your right hand possess seek a deed in writing (of emancipation), write it for them if you know they have (some) goodness, and give them out of the wealth Allah has given you. Do not force your maids to prostitution if they desire to live a chaste life in order to seek the chance gains of this world. But if anyone compels them, then verily, after such compulsion, Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful (to them)”: (33) 

Flag 31: Allah’s Command concerning marriage: (Nur-24: 32-33) 

> Verily We have sent down to you signs making things clear, and an example from (the accounts) of those who have already passed away before you, and an admonition to those who safeguard themselves against evil”: (34) 

Flag 32: Take heed from accounts & admonitions to past generations: Allah’s Signs! Think: (Nur-24: 34)

> ” Allah is the light of heavens and the earth. The similitude of His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp. The lamp is in a glass. The glass is as it were a shining star, lit from a blessed tree, the olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil glows forth (of itself), though fire did not touch it, light upon light. Allah guides unto His light whomsoever He wills; and sets forth parables for people. Allah is aware of all things”: (35) 

Flag 33: The light of the heavens and the earth: (Nur-24: 35) 


(i) Allah is the inconceivable absolute who has created the light. Light is His manifestation. It is not His being. 

(ii) If applied to any individual the niche is power of expression and the ‘house’ (in which the niche is situated) is the body. 

(iii) If applied to the group of Ahlul Bayt and the prophets, the niche in the house is the Holy Prophet. 

(iv) ‘ Light-upon-light (Nur-un-ala-Nur)’ refers to the Holy Prophet and Ahlul Bayt (Ahzab-33: 33) 

> ” (This lamp is lit) in houses which Allah has permitted to be exalted, and His name to be remembered therein; He is glorified therein in the mornings and the evenings”: (36) 

Flag 34: The exalted Houses: (Nur-24: 36)


The houses referred to in this verse are said to be: 

(i) The Kabah, built by Ibrahim and Ismail 

(ii) Masjid in Jerusalem, built by Dawud and Sulayman 

(iii) The masjid in Quba and masjid in Madinah both built under the command of the Holy Prophet 

(iv) The houses of Prophets and Holy Imams of Alhlul Bayt. 

(v) On the authority of Imam Baqar: The houses referred to are the houses of prophets and holy Imams. 

(vi) On the authority of Thalabi: When the holy prophet recited this verse, Abu Bakr stood-up and asked, pointing towards the house of Ali and Fatimah, whether that house was included therein. The holy Prophet replied: Yes, and it is better than other houses to which this verse refers. 

> ” By men whom neither merchandise nor sale diverts from the remembrance of Allah and constancy in prayer and paying the poor-rate. They fear the day when hearts and eyes shall twist and turn”: (37) 

Flag 35: Know those Admired by Allah Himself: (Nur-24: 37-38)


(i) The qualities of those chosen by Allah to remember and glorify Him. 

(ii) Refers to Ali Ibn Abu Talib & Ahlul Bayt (Ahzab-33: 33). 

> ” That Allah may give them the best recompense for what they have done and may increase for them, out of His grace. Allah provides sustenance to whomsoever He wills without measure”: (38) 

> ” As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are as a mirage in the desert. The thirsty suppose it to be water till he comes to it and finds it to be nothing, and finds Allah with Him, so He pays him his account, for Allah is swift in reckoning”: (39) 

> ” Or like the utter darkness in a vast deep ocean. There covers it a wave, above which is a wave, above which is cloud, darkness on darkness. When he holds out his hand, he hardly can see it. Whomsoever Allah does not give light there is no light at all for him”: (40) 

Flag 36: Those doomed in Infidelity: (Nur-24: 39-40)


(i) Darkness over Darkness’ refers to infidelity surrounded by dreadful darkness all around as opposed to ‘ light upon light’ (Nur-24: 35) unto which the believers are drawn to be rightly guided. 

> ” Do you not see that all those who are in the heavens and the earth, and the birds with their wings outspread (in their flight) celebrate the glory of Allah? Each one knows its own (mode of) prayer and praise. Allah knows whatever they do”: (41) 

> ” Allah’s is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and to Allah is the ultimate return”: (42) 

> ” Do you not see that Allah drives the clouds gently, then joins them together and then piles them layers upon layers? Then you see the rain come forth their midst. He sends down from the heaven mountains (masses of clouds) wherein is hail. He afflicts with whomsoever He wills and turns it away from whomsoever He wills; well nigh the flash of His lightening takes away the sight”: (43) 

> ” Allah turns the night and the day over and over (alternates). Verily there is a lesson in this for those who have vision”: (44)

> ” Allah has created every moving creature from water: one crawls on its belly, one walks on two legs, one moves on four. Allah creates whatsoever He wills. Verily Allah has power over everything”: (45) 

> ” Verily We have sent down signs containing explanations. Allah guides whom He wills to the right way”: (46) 

Flag 37: Allah’s Way (Sunnat), Guidance & Manifest Signs! Mankind invited to think & draw conclusions independently: (Nur-24: 41-46) 


(i) Each and every entity in the universe glorifies Allah in its own way and style known to Allah. 

(ii) Water cycle and unique operation of the solar system; all a tiny indication of Allah’s Way (Sunnat), power, absolute ownership of the universe (including Intellect & Knowledge), guidance and command. 

> ” They say: We believe in Allah and the messenger, and we obey. Then a party of them turn back even after this; and these are not believers”: (47) 

> ” When they are summoned to Allah and His messenger that he may judge between them, lo! a faction of them turn aside”: (48) 

> ” If the right is on their side, they come to him submissively”: (49) 

> ” Is there in their heart a disease, or do they doubt, or do they fear lest Allah and His messenger will deal unjustly with them? Nay, they are themselves unjust”: (50) 

Flag 38: Reluctance in Judgment from the holy Prophet by some Companions”: (Nur-24: 47-50)


(i) Aayats (48-50) refer to reluctance of some companions to go to the Holy Prophet for judgement. 

(ii) The hypocrites preferred to go to a judge who they thought was likely to give judgement in their favour. 

(iii) If the case was incontestable, and justice was on their side, they readily came to the holy Prophet. They felt assured to receive favourable judgment from the holy Prophet even against his own people. 

(iv) If they had done wrong, they would go to someone who would tip the balance in their favour.

> ” The answer of the believers, when they are summoned to Allah and His messenger that he may judge between them, is: ‘We hear and we obey’. And such are the successful”: (51) 

> ” Whoever obeys Allah and His messenger, fears Allah and does his duty to Him, will surely be an achiever”: (52) 

> ” They swear solemnly by Allah that, if only you command them, they certainly go forth. Say: Do not swear. Obedience, as should be, (is better). Verily Allah is aware of what you do”: (53) 

> ” Say: Obey Allah and obey the messenger, and if you turn back, then he is only responsible to fulfil his duty, and for you is the burden you carry; and if you obey him you will be rightly guided. There is nothing upon the messenger except to convey the message clearly”: (54) 

Flag 39: Allah’s Command for genuine sincere obedience to the holy Prophet in letter and spirit: (Nur-24: 51-54 & 56) 

> ” Allah has promised to appoint those of you who believe and do good deed, successors in the earth, as He had appointed those before them, and He shall certainly establish their religion (Islam) which He has chosen for them, and He will give them in exchange security after their fear. They shall worship Me and not associate any one with Me; and whosoever disbelieves after this, then they are the wicked transgressors”: (55) 

Flag 40: Prophecy concerning the advent of the Twelfth Imam: (Nur-24:55 & 57)


(i) Further reference (Bani-Israil-17: 81) 

> ” Establish prayer and pay poor-rate and obey the messenger, so that you may receive mercy”: (56) 

> ” Do not think that disbelievers can (ever) frustrate (Allah’s plan) on earth. Their abode is the fire; and certainly it is an evil destination”: (57) 

> ” O you who believe, let those whom your right hand possess and those who have not yet reached the age of puberty, seek permission to (enter your presence) on three occasions: Before the morning prayers; and when you lay aside your garments for the heat of noon; and after the night prayers. These are the three times of privacy for you. It is no sin for you or for them at other times if some of you go around attendant upon (visit) others. Thus Allah makes clear His signs for you. Allah is all-knowing, all-wise”: (58) 

> ” When the children among you reach the age of puberty let them also seek permission as others did before them. Thus Allah makes clear His signs to you. Allah is all-knowing, all wise”: (59) 

> ” There is no blame on the blind nor any blame on the lame nor on the sick nor on yourself if you eat from your houses, or houses of your father, or the houses of your mothers, or the houses of your brothers, or the houses of your sisters, or the houses of your father’s brothers, or the houses of your father’s sisters, or the houses of your mother’s brothers, or the houses of mother’s sisters, or in houses of which the keys are in your possession, or in the houses of your friends. There is no sin for you if you eat together or separately, but when you enter houses, salute one another with a greeting from Allah, blessed and goodly. Thus Allah makes clear His signs for you so that you may understand”: (61) 

Flag 41: Allah’s Commands: Privacy and Household Norms”: (Nur -24: 58-61) 

> ” Verily, they alone are true believers who believe in Allah and His messenger, and when they are with him on a matter requiring collective action, they do not depart until they seek his permission. Verily those who seek your permission are they who believe in Allah and His messenger; so when they seek your permission for some affairs of theirs, give permission to whomever of them you please, and seek pardon for them from Allah. Verily Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful”: (62) 

> ” Do not make the addressing of the messenger among you like your addressing one another. Verily Allah knows those of you who steal away, hiding themselves. Let those who act in contravention of his command beware lest a trial befalls them or a painful chastisement comes upon them”: (63) 

> ” Beware! Verily whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah. He surely knows what state you are in; and on the day they are returned to Him, He will inform them what they used to do. Allah is aware of everything”: (64) 

Flag 42: Bypassing Commands: Period of deteriorating environment with respect to distrust/disrespectfulness amongst the faithfuls: (Nur-24: 62-64)


(i) During the last period of the holy Prophet’s life when he was about to depart from this world, ominous adverse tendencies became a common occurrence. 

(ii) Among the believers there were some who were unwilling to attend assemblies summoned by the Holy Prophet, so they used to stealthily disappear. 

Surah An Nur ends 

Separa 18 (Qad Aflaha) continues 


Surah Al Furqan 


> ” Blessed is He who sent down the criterion (furqan) upon His servant (Muhammad), that he may be a warner to the world: (01) 

Flag 43: The Quran (Furqan): The standing Criterion of distinguishing between right and wrong: (Furqan-25: 01) 

> ” He whose kingdom of the heavens and the earth, who has not taken a son, for whom there is not a partner in the kingdom, and (who) created everything and determined for it a fixed measure” : (02) 

Flag 44: The Creator of everything who determined for it a fixed measure: (Furqan-25: 02)


(i) The term ‘Fixed Measure’ is the true indication of Allah’s Way (Sunnat) giving rise to advanced contemporary scientific terminology. 

(ii) The common terms such as chemical formula, valency, gravitational laws, etc are all examples of a ‘Fixed Measure’. 

(iii) A balance in the universe, maintaining the encompassing equilibrium is the result of (fixed measure) decreed by the all-knowing almighty Lord. 

(iv) Everything with Him is measured (Rad-13: 08). 

> ” Yet they have taken gods, who do not create anything while they themselves are created, who possess no power over their loss or gain, nor they control death nor life nor resurrection”: (03)

> ” Those who disbelieve say: This (Quran) is nothing but a lie he has forged in which others have helped him. Surely it is they who have put forward an iniquity and a slander”: (04) 

> ” They say: (these are) tales of ancients he has written down, and these are dictated to him morning and evening”: (05) 

> ” Say: He who knows the secrets of the heavens and the earth has sent it down (to me). Verily He is oft-forgiving, merciful”: (06) 

> ” They say : What sort of messenger is this who eats food and walks in the markets? Why has not an angel been sent to him so that he may be a warner with him”? (07) 

> ” Or a treasure be thrown down to him, or there may be a garden for him from where he could eat. And the iniquitous say: You only follow a man bewitched”: (08) 

> ” See (O Muhammad) what comparisons they bring up for you! They have gone astray, so they will not be able to find the (right) way”: (09) 

Flag 45: Slanders from Infidels and Disbelievers: (Furqan-25:02- 09) 

> ” Blessed is He Who, if He pleases, will give you better than (all) that – gardens beneath which rivers flow, and give you mansions”: (10)

> ” Nay, they belie the hour (of resurrection). We have prepared a blazing fire for him who belies the hour”: (11) 

> ” When it beholds them from afar, they shall hear it raging and roaring”: (12) 

> ” And when they shall be flung into a narrow place of it chained together, they shall there call for death”: (13) 

> ” (It shall be said to them): Do not call for one death but call for many deaths on this day”: (14) 

Flag 46: The punishment for belying: (Furqan-25: 11-14) 

> ” Say (O Muhammad): Is this better or the eternal garden which has been promised to those who safeguard themselves against evil? It shall be their recompense and their destination”: (15) 

> ” For them there will be therein whatever they desire, and there they will abide forever. It is a promise to be prayed for from your Lord”: (16) 

Flag 47: Look at Allah’s Promise! (Furqan: 10 & 15-16)

> ” On the day when He shall gather them together as well as those whom they worship beside Allah, He shall say: Was it you who beguiled these my servants, or did they themselves go astray from the (right) path”? (17) 

> ” They will say: Glory be to you! It did not behove us that we should take any friends beside You, but You gave them and their fathers enjoyments until they turned oblivious of (Your) remembrance. They were a people doomed (to suffer perdition)”: (18) 

> ” (The idolaters will be told): So (now) they belie you in what you say, so you shall not be able to avert (your doom) nor receive any help, and whosoever of you is unjust, We shall make him taste a great torment”: (19) 

Flag 48: Face to face with their associated (false) gods on the day of Judgement: (Furqan-25: 17-19)

> ” We did not send any messengers before you (O Muhammad) but verily, they ate food and walked in the markets; and We have made some of you (the means of) a trial for others. Will you have patience? You Lord is always watching”: (20) 

Flag 49: Allah’s Way (Sunnat) concerning messengers: (Furqan-25: 20)

Surah Al Furqan (21-77) continues in Separa-19 (Wa Qala Ladhina)

Separa-18 (Qad Aflaha) ends