Highlighted Quranic listing of the Twentyfirst Separa (Utluma Uhiya) is here. An attempt has been made to simplify the tracking of the desired information. At the outset, it is necessary to acknowledge innumerable sources used in the compilation of this effort. No attempt has been made to list the references individually; but sincere thanks are due to all, individually and collectively.
- The list of (Flags) below is a subject-wise identification
- Each (Flag) refers to the corresponding (verse or verses) and identifies (explanatory note) if any
- Quranic verses of this (Separa) are listed and marked in a conventional way
- For example (Ahzab-33: 33) refers to the thirty-third verse of Surah Ahzab which is the thirty-third Surah of the Holy Quran.
- Each verse commences and ends marked as (> “—–“: (number of the verse)
- >>> ” denotes the subject of the verse is continuing into the next verse
- All notes are numbered in parenthesis as (i), (ii), and so on
- All a reader needs to do is review the listed (Flags), choose the desired subject and proceed to the indicated (Ayat)
> ” Recite (O Muhammad) what has been revealed to you of the book, and establish prayer. Verily prayer keeps you away from the obscene and detestable, and verily the remembrance of Allah is the greatest (duty of the believers). Allah knows what you do”: (45)
Flag 1: Prayer: Greatest Duty to Allah with it’s Dutiful Renderance: (Ankabut-29: 45)
> ” Dispute not with the people of the book save in the best manner, apart from those of them who act unjustly; and say: We believe in that which has been sent down to us and to you, and our God and your God is one, and we submit to Him”: (46)
> ” That is how We have sent down the book (the Quran) to you, and those whom We have given the book believe in it, and of these (Arab pagans) also there are some who believe in it; and none contradict Our signs except the disbelievers”: (47)
Flag 2: Mutual Co-Existence with the People of the Book: (Ankabut-29: 46-47)
> ” You did not recite any book before it (the Quran), nor did you transcribe one with your right hand; for then those who utter falsehood might have doubted”: (48)
Flag 3: The holy Prophet (Ummi) not (illiterate): (Ankabut-29: 48)
(i) The holy received knowledge, wisdom and skills directly from Allah by way of (ilm e-Ladunni). This is what the word (Ummi) implies.
(ii) The holy Prophet was not illiterate.He was divinely gifted. He had acquired all skills and abilities from the Lord (Allah) Himself (Najm-53: 05-06).
(iii) On the authority of the holy Prophet: I am the city of knowledge and Ali is it’s gate.
> ” Nay, it (the Quran) is (itself) self-evident ‘signs’ in the breasts of those who have been granted knowledge, and none contradicted Our sign save the unjust”: (49)
Flag 4: Those given the knowledge (Utul ilm): (Ankabut-29: 49 & Imran-03: 07)
(i) ‘Those who had been given knowledge’ (Utul ilm) refers to thoroughly purified (Ahzab-33: 33).
(ii) Further Quranic references concerning Rasekhoona-fil-Ilm, Utul-Ilm, Ulil Ilm and those who have knowledge of the book (Imran-03: 07/ Nisa 04:162/ Imran-03: 18/ Rad-13: 43/ Nahl: 16:27/ Bani Israil-17: 107/ Hajj-22: 54/ Anakbut-29: 49/ Rum-30: 56/ Saba-34: 06/ Muhammad-47: 16).
> ” And they say: Why are not signs sent down to him from his Lord? Say (O Muhammad):The signs are with Allah. I am only a manifest warner”: (50)
> ” Is it not enough for them that We have sent down the book to you which is recited to them? Verily in this is a mercy, and a reminder for people who believe”: (51)
> ” Say (O Muhammad): Sufficient is Allah as witness between me and you. He knows what is in the heavens and the earth. It is those who believe in falsehood and disbelieve in Allah who are the losers”: (52)
Flag 5: Miracles: Not demand based occurrence to satisfy the playful nature of mankind: (Ankabut-29: 50-52)
(i) Allah causes miracles at His own will which is not subject to demand.
(ii) Miracles sent down with earlier messengers did not convince multitude save few.
(iii) Quran which is a word of Allah, and is itself a miracle, is miraculously preserved in the memory of millions with unmatched precision.
> ” They challenge you to hasten the chastisement; and had not the term been decreed, the chastisement would certainly have come upon them; and certainly it will come upon them suddenly, while they do not perceive”: (53)
> ” They challenge you to hasten the chastisement, while verily hell will encompass the disbelievers”: (54)
> ” On the day when the chastisement shall come upon them from above and underneath their feet, He will say: Taste what you used to do”: (55)
Flag 6: When Decreed, chastisement shall come from above and below: (Ankabut-29:53-55)
> ” O My servants who believe, My earth is vast (in resources), so worship Me only” : (56)
Flag 7: Faithfuls must not be bogged down: (Ankabut-29: 56)
(i) Allah has commanded resorting to immigration in search of freedom to practice faith, peace, sustenance and/or security.
(ii) It has been made clear that the attachment and love for homeland should not stand as an excuse for submission to any authority other than Allah.
> ” Every soul shall taste of death. Then to us you shall (all) be returned”: (57)
Flag 8: (Kullu Nafsin Zaiqa Tul Mout): (Ankabut-29: 57)
> ” We shall lodge those who believe and do good in exalted dwellings of the garden in which rivers flow, where they shall abide forever. How excellent is the recompense of those who toil (righteously)”: (58)
> ” Those who are steadfast and on their Lord do they rely”: (59)
> ” How many living creatures there are that do not carry their sustenance? Allah provides them and you with sustenance. He is all-knowing , all-hearing”: (60)
> “If you ask them: Who created the heavens and the earth, and who subdued the sun and the moon? They would certainly say:’Allah’. Why then do they deviate? (61)
> ” Allah increases the sustenance of which-ever of His servants He wills, and straightens it for whom He wills. Verily Allah is certainly cognizant of all things”: (62)
> ” If you ask them who sends water from heaven and thereafter gives life with it to the earth after its death? They will say: Allah. Say: Praise be to Allah. But most of them do not understand”: (63)
> ” This life of the world is not more than a sport or play. Verily the abode of hereafter is certainly the (real) life, if they but knew”: (64)
> ” When they embark on ships they call upon Allah sincerely with pure faith. When He brings them safely back to the shore, behold, they associate (others with Him)”: (65)
> ” Let them be ungrateful for what We have given them. Let them enjoy themselves, but soon they will come to know”: (66)
> ” Do they not see that We have established a sacred and secure precinct while all the people around are being despoiled? Will they yet believe in falsehood and disbelieve in the bounty of Allah”? (67)
Flag 9: Failure in distinguishing false from truth and ignoring the ‘Sacred and Secure’ precinct guaranteed by Allah: (Ankabut-29: 58-67)
> ” Who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah, or belies the truth when it has come to him? Is there not an abode for disbelievers in hell”? (68)
Flag 10: How come an evil doer, who forges a lie against Allah, could ever lose sight of hell? (Ankabut-29: 68)
> ” We shall certainly guide those who strive hard in Us (Our cause) to Our paths. Verily Allah is with those who do good”: (69)
Flag 11: Allah’s all encompassing help for any or all causes which lead to a good! (Ankabut-29: 69)
(i) Himmat-e-Mardan, Madad-e-Khuda
(Allah is with those who strive hard)
Surah Al Ankabut ends
Separa-21 (Utlu Ma Uhiya) continues
> ” Alif, Lam, Mim”: (01)
> ” Rum (Byzantine Empire) has been defeated”: (02)
Flag 12: Defeat of Byzantine Empire: (Rum-30: 02)
(i) Byzantine empire (Christians: People of the book) were defeated by Iranians (Fire worshippers) thereby causing gloom amongst Muslims and rejoicing in Makkan (Pagans).
(ii) Byzantine emperor Heraclius (614-616 A.D.) was defeated by Persian king Khosroes.
(iii) Constantinople, however, was saved as it could not be conquered.
> ” In a nearby land,but they, after this defeat will soon soon be victorious”: (03)
> ” In a few years, Allah’s is the authority first and last. On that day the believers shall rejoice”: (04)
> ” In the help of Allah. He helps whomsoever He wills. He is all-mighty, ever-merciful”: (05)
Flag 13: Allah Predicts Subsequent Byzantine Victory: (Rum-30: 03-05):
(i) Holy Prophet sent two letters (one each to Persians & Byzantine) inviting them to embrace Islam.
(ii) While Persians insulted the Muslim Messenger, Byzantine King received their message respectfully and returned him with gifts while politely rejecting the invitation to accept Muslim faith.
(iii) Byzantine were rewarded by Allah for their attitude towards the holy Prophet.
(iv) Allah’s prophecy fulfilled ten years later (624 A.D.) when Christians defeated Persians.
> ” This is the promise of Allah. Allah does not go back on His promise, yet most people do not know”: (06)
Flag 14: Allah never fails in His Promise: (Rum-30: 06)
> ” They know only the outward (appearance) of the life of this world, while they are oblivious of the hereafter”: (07)
> ” Do they not reflect in their minds? Allah did not create the heavens and the earth and what is in between them two but with the truth (for a purpose) to exist for an appointed term? Verily many people disbelieve in their meeting with their Lord: (08)
Flag 15: This world created for a purpose & fixed term only: (Rum-30: 07-08)
> ” Have they not traveled on the earth and seen how (terrible) was the end of those who lived before them? They were far more stronger than them in might, and they tilled the earth and developed it more than these have done, and their messengers came to them with clear signs (miracles). Verily it was not for Allah to do injustice to them, but they did injustice to themselves”: (09)
> ” Then evil was the end of those who did evil, for they belied the signs of Allah, and they used to mock at them”: (10)
Flag 16: Allah’s Warning: Evil ends in Evil: (Rum-30: 09-10)
> ” Allah originates creation, then causes it to turn back; and to Him you will all return”: (11)
Flag 17: The Circular (Cyclic) nature of Allah’s Creations: (Rum-30: 11&19 : Imran-3: 27)
(i) Everything must return to its origin as decreed by Allah.
(ii) The process of creation is evolutionary besides being circular in nature.
(iii) (Nitrogen & Water Cycles) in the earthly environment are the examples of the same.
> ” On the day the hour (resurrection) comes, the guilty will despair”: (12)
> ” No intercessors will they have among their associate-gods, and they will reject their partners”: (13)
> ” The day the hour (resurrection comes, they will be separated from one another”: (14)
> ” Those who believe and did good deeds will be made happy in the gardens”: (15)
Those who disbelieve and belied our sins and the meeting of the hereafter, will be given over to punishment”: (16)
Flag 18: Guilty in despair on the ‘Day’: (Rum-30: 12-16)
> ” So Glory be to Allah when you enter the evening and when you enter the morning”: (17)
> ” For His is the praise in the heavens and the earth – at sun’s decline and when you enter the noon”: (18)
Flag 19: Prayer Timings: (Rum-30: 17-18):
(i) ‘Glory be to Allah’ refers to five obligatory prayers (Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib & Isha) for manifestation of His Glory.
> He brings forth the living from the dead, and He brings forth the dead from living, and He gives life to earth after its death. Thus you will all be brought back to life again”: (19)
> ” Among His signs is that He created you from dust, and from that you have become human beings scattered all around”: (20)
> ” Among His signs is that He created for you from yourselves spouses that you may dwell in tranquillity with them, and instilled love and compassion between you. Verily there are signs in this for those who reflect”: (21)
> ” Among His signs is the creation of heavens and the earth, and the variety of your languages and your complexions. Verily there are signs in this for those who know”: (22)
Flag 20: The Diversity of Languages & Complexions are Signs of Allah: (Rum-30: 22)
(i) The diversities identified above stand out as the most complicated aspect of the evolution of the human civilisations.
(ii) No existing scientific logic could comprehensively explain the above.
(iii) The same are due to attributes promoted by Allah Himself.
> ” Among His signs is your sleeping in the night and in the day your seeking His grace. Verily there are signs in this for those who hearken”: (23)
> ” Among His signs is that He shows you the lightning which fills you (both) with awe and hope, and He sends down water from the heavens and with it gives life to the earth after its death. Verily there are signs in this for a people who understand”: (24)
> ” Among His signs is that the heavens and earth stand firm by His command; then when He summons you by a (single) summon from the earth lo! you will come forth”: (25)
Flag 21: A totally Balanced Universe: (Rum-30: 25)
(i) The physically balanced universe could never exist without the controlling ‘Divine’ forces safeguarding it against a collapse.
(ii) Allah’s one single command would cause the annihilation of the system before the ‘Day’.
> ” His is whosoever in the heavens and earth; all are subservient to Him”: (26)
> ” He it is Who originates the creation and then turns it back. This is very easy for Him. His are the most exalted similitude in the heavens and the earth; and He is all-mighty, all-knowing” : (27)
> ” He propounds you to a parable (taken) from yourself. Do you have partners among those whom your right hand possesses, in what We have provided you, so that you and they have equal (share) in it, and that you fear them as you fear each other? Thus We make our signs for those who comprehend”: (28)
Flag 22: Could a source be equated against the Master of the source: (Rum-30: 26-29)
(i) Recognising ‘Mother Nature’ as the source is equally ridiculous.
(ii) A failure to accept the authority controlling the ‘Mother Nature’ which none other than Allah, is an unforgivable crime.,
> ” Nay, those who are unjust follow their own desires without knowledge. Who can guide him whom Allah leaves astray? there will be no helpers for them”: (29)
> ” So set your face uprightly to the (true) religion, in harmony with nature Allah has made for man. No change can there be in the creation of Allah. This is the upright religion, but most people do not know”: (30)
Flag 23: Allah’s Religion (Islam) in Harmony with nature:The latent (or Original Covenant): (Rum-30: 30)
(i) The verse (Rum-30: 30) refutes the Christine doctrine of ‘Original Sin’ which is quoted below:
“Original sin, in Christian doctrine, the condition or state of sin into which each human being is born; also, the origin (i.e., the cause, or source) of this state. Traditionally, the origin has been ascribed to the sin of the first man, Adam, who disobeyed God in eating the forbidden fruit (of knowledge of good and evil) and, in consequence, transmitted his sin and guilt by heredity to his descendants.“
(ii) The knowledge of Allah’s unity (Tawhid) lies in the original human nature (fitra) as per verse (Rum-30:30).
(iii) Each entity, before coming into this world, makes a promise with the Lord that it will exist only to fulfil the will of the Lord, and never shall rebel against His authority. This is known as the original or the ‘Latent Covenant’.
(iv) Prophets were sent to remind them of what they already know. To betray (Tawhid) is to betray human nature and even to leave the domain of human existence.
(v) (Iyyaka Na-Budu) which is an integral part of each compulsory prayer stands as a confirmation of the latent covenant with Allah.
> ” Turn towards Him, safeguard yourself against evil, establish prayer and be not of those who associate (false) gods with Allah”: (31)
> ” Of those who split up religion and become sects, every party rejoicing in what is with them”: (32)
Flag 24: Allah’s Religion is the only Religion (Islam): Splitting Religion into Sects & Groups Condemned: (Rum-30: 32)
> ” When harm afflicts men they call upon their Lord, turning to Him (in repentance ), then when He causes them to taste His mercy, lo! some of them associate partners with their Lord”: (33)
> ” So as to disbelieve in what We have given them. So enjoy a while; soon you shall come to know”: (34)
> ” Or, have We sent down any authority to them which mentions what they associate with Him”? (35)
> ” When We cause people to taste of mercy they rejoice in it, and if an evil falls on them because of what their hands sent forth! lo they despair”: (36)
> ” Do they not see Allah increases the provision or decreases it for whomsoever He wills? Verily here are signs in this for those who believe”: (37)
Flag 25: Denial of Allah’s Mercy (Thanklessness) & Shirk: (Rum-30: 19-20, 31 & 33-37 & 46)
> ” So give to the near of kin his due, and to the needy and to the wayfarer. This is best for those who seek the pleasure of Allah, and it is they who are successful”: (38)
Flag 26: Giving to (Near of Kin), Needy & Wayfarer: Door to be amongst (Muflehun): (Rum-30: 38-39)
(i) Giving (Fadak) to Hazrat Fatima Zehra by the holy Prophet was based on this logic.
> ” What you give at usury, that it may increase on (other) people’s wealth, does not find increase with Allah; what you give in charity, seeking the pleasure of Allah, will increase manifold”: (39)
> ” Allah is He who created you, then gave you sustenance, then He causes you to die, then He shall bring you back to life. Is there any associate-gods who do any of these things? Glory be to Him! High and exalted is He above what they associate with Him”: (40)
Flag 28: High & Exalted far, far beyond having any associates! Can any of these things (Rum-30: 40) any associate-god do? (Rum-30: 40)
> ” Mischief has spread over land and sea because of hands of the man have wrought that He may make them taste a part of what they have done, in order that they may turn back (from evil)”: (41)
Flag 29: Warning! (Fasad-fil-Arz) shall not go unpunished: (Rum-30: 41-42)
> ” Say (O Muhammad) Travel on the earth and see how (terrible) was the end of those who lived before. Most of them were polytheists”: (42)
> ” So set your face towards the established religion before the day comes from Allah from which there is no averting. On that day they shall be separated”: (43)
> ” Whosoever disbelieves shall bear the consequences of disbelief, and those who do good deeds are making preparations for themselves”: (44)
Flag 30: Life tenure is nothing but (a pause to compete) and get ready for the ‘Day’: (Rum-30: 43-45)
> ” So that He may recompense those who believe and do good, by His grace. Verily He does not love disbelievers”: (45)
> Among His signs is that He sends the winds as harbingers of glad tidings, so that He may make you taste His mercy, and that ships sail by His command, and you may see His grace, and may haply be grateful”: (46)
> ” Verily We sent messengers before you to their people who came with clear signs; then We took vengeance upon those who were guilty. It was incumbent on Us to help believers”: (47)
Flag 31: Allah’s Grace and Mercy: Incumbent on Allah to Help Believer: (Rum-30: 47)
> ” Allah is He who sends the wind so that they raise clouds, then He spreads them over the sky as He wills, and causes them to break, and you see the drops of rain coming down from between them. When He makes it fall upon whomsoever He pleases of His servants, lo! They rejoice”: (48)
> ” Even though before it was sent down upon them, before that, they were dumb with despair”: (49)
> ” Look at the traces of Allah’s mercy: How He gives life to the earth after its death, Verily He is the quickener of the dead. He has power over all things”: (50)
> ” If We send a wind from which they see (their tilth) turn yellow, they would certainly become ungrateful (disbelievers)”: (51)
Flag 32: Lifeline based on (Winds & Rain) and reactions lacking truthful gratitude for Allah’s Mercy: (Rum-30: 46 & 48-51)
> ” Verily you cannot make the dead to hear, nor can you make the deaf to hear the call, when they turn away on their heels”: (52)
> ” Nor can you lead back the blind from their straying. You can make none hear except those who believe in our signs and submit themselves to Our will”: (53)
Flag 33: Contemplation on Allah’s signs and an unqualified submission to His will is a prerequisite for availing His Grace & Mercy: (Rum-30: 52-53 & Yunus-10: 100)
> ” Allah is who created you from weakness, then gave you strength after weakness, then, after strength , gives you weakness and grey hair. He creates whatsoever He wills. He is all-knowing, all-powerful”: (54)
Flag 34: The Man: Created weak and strengthened to become weak again: (Rum-30: 54)
> ” On the day when the hour (resurrection) comes the guilty will swear that they tarried not but an hour. Thus they had been inventing lies (while in the world)”: (55)
> ” Those who have been given knowledge and the faith will say: Verily you have tarried, according to the decree of Allah till the day of resurrection, so this is the day of resurrection, but you did not know”: (56)
Flag 35: (Utul ilm) to Disbelievers on the ‘Day’: (Rum-30: 55-57)
(i) ‘Those who have been given the knowledge and the faith’ refers to the thoroughly purified (Ahzab-33).
(ii) Further Quranic references concerning Rasekhoona-fil-Ilm, Utul-Ilm, Ulil Ilm and those who have knowledge of the book (Imran-03: 07/ Nisa 04:162/ Imran-03: 18/ Rad-13: 43/ Nahl: 16:27/ Bani Israil-17: 107/ Hajj-22: 54/ Anakbut-29: 49/ Rum-30: 56/ Saba-34: 06/ Muhammad-47: 16).
> ” But on that day the excuses of the unjust will be of no avail to them, and they will not be allowed to seek (Allah’s) pleasure by (repentance)”: (57)
> ” Verily We have propounded for mankind, in this Quran, every kind of similitude, and if you bring to them a sign, those who disbelieve would verily say: You are nothing but followers of falsehood”: (58)
Flag 36: Book of complete legislative framework (Quran): (Rum-30: 58 & Zumer-39: 27)
> ” Thus Allah seals the hearts of those who do not know”: (59)
Flag 37: Acts (Worship) without recognising(understanding) Allah by thinking (contemplation) of no avail: (Rum-30: 59 & Yunus-10: 100)
> ” Be patient. Verily the promise of Allah is true. Let not those who have no certainty of faith hold you in low esteem”: (60)
Flag 38: Command to maintain a high profile, image & esteem of Islam (Muslims): Be Patient and Have faith in Allah’s Promise: (Rum-30: 60)
Surah Ar Rum ends
Separa-21 (Utlu Ma Uhiya) continues
> ” Alif, Lam, Mim”: (01)
> ” These are the verses of the wise book”: (02)
> ” A guidance and mercy for the righteous”: (03)
> ” Who establish prayer, give the poor rate, and are certain of the hereafter”: (04)
> ” They are on guidance from their Lord, and these are they who are successful” : (05)
Flag 39: Quran: Guidance for the Righteous who are destined to be Successful (Muflehun): (Luqman-31: 02-05& Baqarah-2: 02-05)
> ” Among the people there is he who purchases meaningless tales to lead (others) astray from the path of Allah, without knowledge, and takes it by way of mockery. For such as these there shall be an ignominious punishment”: (06)
> ” When our signs are recited to him, he turns away in arrogance as if he had not heard them, as if there was deafness in his years. So give him tidings of a painful chastisement”: (07)
Flag 40: Disguised Shaytan: (Luqman-31: 06-07)
(i) Verses(Luqman-31:06-07) refer to Nadhr Ibn al Harith (Makkan infidel at the time of Holy Prophet) who brought back from Syria stories of Persian heroes to persuade the Quraysh to believe that his stories were preferable to the word of Allah.
> ” Verily for those who believe and do good are the gardens of delight”: (08)
> ” Where they will live for ever. It is the true promise of Allah. He is all-mighty, all-wise”: (09)
Flag 41: The True Promise of Allah to the Believers: (Luqman-31: 08-09)
> ” He created the heavens without pillars, as you can see; and He cast in to the earth mountains lest it should shake with you, and scattered on it every kind of animal. We sent down water from the heaven, then We cause (plants) of every goodly kind to grow therein”: (10)
> ” Say (O Muhammad): This is a creation of Allah. Show me what those (they worship) besides Him have created. Nay, the unjust are in manifest error”: (11)
Flag 42: Allah’s Wonderful Creations! Anything similar created by the so-called associate-gods? Name it? (Luqman-31: 10-11)
> ” We gave wisdom to Luqman; and said: Be grateful to Allah. Whosoever is grateful verily he is grateful for his soul; and whosoever is ungrateful – then verily Allah is self-sufficient, owner of praise”: (12)
Flag 43: Knowing Luqman: (Luqman-31: 12):
(i) Luqman, nephew of Prophet Ayyub, was not a prophet but endowed with wisdom.
(ii) Luqman had a long life (one thousand years) spread over the time of Prophets Dawud to Yunus.
> ” (Remember) when Luqman said to his son, while he was exhorting him: O my son, do not associate anything with Allah. Verily to associate others with Allah is the greatest iniquity”: (13)
Flag 44: Shirk: The Greatest Unforgivable Injustice: (Luqman-31: 13)
> ” We have enjoined on man concerning his parents – his mother bears him in weakness upon weakness, weaning him in two years- : Be grateful to Me and to your parents. To me is the ultimate return”: (14)
> If they try to force you to associate with Me, that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them. Consort with them in the world kindly and follow the path of him who turns (repentant) to Me. Then to Me is your return, and I will tell you what you had been doing”: (15)
Flag 45: Status of Parents Command: (Luqman-31:14-15)
> ” Luqman said: O my son, verily, though it be equal to a mustard seed in weight, and though it be in a rock, or in the heavens, or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Verily Allah is subtle, aware”: (16)
> ” O my son, establish prayer, enjoin good, forbid evil, and bear with patience what befalls you. Verily these are acts of steadfastness”: (17)
> ” Do not turn your face away from people in contempt, nor walk with hauteur on the earth. Verily Allah does not love any self conceited boaster”: (18)
> ” Be moderate in your bearing, and keep your voice low. Verily most repulsive of voices is the braying of ass”: (19)
Flag 46: Luqman’s Golden words to his son: (Luqman-31: 16-19)
> ” Do you not see that Allah has made serviceable to you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and has completed his favours, both apparent and hidden, on you? Yet among people is he who disputes concerning Allah without knowledge or guidance or an enlightening book”: (20)
Flag 47: Completion of Favours: (Luqman-31: 20 & Maidah-5: 03 & 67)
> ” When it is said to them: Follow what Allah has sent down: They say: No, We follow what we found our fathers following. What! Even if it is Shaytan beckoning them to the chastisement of the blazing fire”! (21)
> ” He who turns his face to Allah in submission and does good has certainly grasped the firm hand-hold; and unto Allah is the end of all affairs”: (22)
Flag 48: The Firm Handhold (Urwatul Wuthqa): (Luqman-31: 22 & Baqarah-2: 256)
> ” But if any disbelieves, let not his disbelief grieve you. Unto Us is their return, and We will tell them what they used to do. Allah knows well what is in (their) breasts”: (23)
> ” We let them enjoy for a while, then We shall drive them to a severe chastisement”: (24)
Flag 49: O Muhammad: Let not Disbelievers’ disbelief grieve you: (Luqman-31: 21 & 23-24)
> ” If you ask them: Who created the heavens and the earth? They will surely say: ‘Allah’. Say: Praise be to Allah. But most of them do not know”: (25)
> ” Allah’s is whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth. Verily Allah is self sufficient, owner of the praise”: (26)
> ” If all the trees in the earth were pens; and the oceans, with seven more oceans to help it (were ink), the words of Allah could not be exhausted. Verily Allah is all-mighty, all-wise” :(27)
Flag 50: Infinite ‘Words of Allah’: (Luqman-31: 27)
> ” Your creation and resurrection is but like (the creation and resurrection of) a single soul. Verily Allah is all-hearing, all-seeing”: (28)
> ” Do you not see that Allah causes the night to pass into the day, and causes the day to pass into the night, and has made the sun and the moon subservient (to His laws), each running its course for an appointed term. Verily Allah is aware of all you do”: (29)
Flag 51: The Solar System: Allah’s ever-prevalent scientific miracle: (Luqman-31: 29)
> ” That is so because Allah is the supreme truth, and that which they invoke other than Him is false. Verily Allah is most high and supreme”: (30)
Flag 52: Allah: The Most High & Supreme: (Luqman-31: 25-31)
> ” Do you not see that the ships sail in the ocean by the favor of Allah, that He may show you His signs? Verily there are signs in this for those who are steadfast and grateful”: (31)
> ” When a wave covers them like awnings, they call upon Allah with exclusive faith in Him, but after He has safely brought them to land, there are among those who halt between (right and wrong), and no one rejects Our signs save every perfidious ungrateful”: (32)
Flag 53: Know the untrustworthy & ever-ungrateful: (Luqman-31: 31-32)
> ” O people, safeguard yourselves against evil with full awareness of the laws made by your Lord, and dread the day when a father will be of no avail to his son, nor will a son avail anything for his father. Verily the promise of Allah is true, so let not the life of the world beguile you, nor let the deceiver deceive you about Allah”: (33)
Flag 54: Warning: Hold on to (Taqwa) & Prepare for the dreadful ‘Day’: (Luqman-31: 33)
> ” Verily Allah! With Him is the knowledge of the hour>>>”: (34)
Flag 55: Only Allah has knowledge of the ‘Hour’: (Luqman-31: 34)
He sends down the rain and He knows what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it shall earn tomorrow and no soul knows in which land it shall die. Verily Allah is all-knowing, all-aware”: (34)
Flag 56: Allah: Owner of the (Ghaib): None has knowledge of tomorrow or knows when/where it shall die: (Luqman-31: 34)
Surah Luqman ends
Separa-21 (Utlu Ma Uhiya) continues
> ” Alif, Lam Mim”: (01)
> ” This is the revelation of the book (in which) there is no doubt. (It is) from the Lord of the worlds”: (02)
Flag 57: Quran: Book which is beyond any kind of doubt & which is all truth: (Sajdah-32: 02-03 & Baqarah-2: 02)
> ” Or do the say: He has forged it? No, it is the truth from your Lord so that you may warn the people to whom no warner came before you, so that haply they may be guided”: (03)
Flag 58: Prophet-hood Gap between (Isa and Muhammad): (Sajdah-32: 03)
(i) ‘no warner came before you‘ refers to gap between (Isa and Muhammad).
> ” Allah it is who created the heavens and the earth, and what is between them, in six days, and then He firmly established (Himself) on the throne (of authority). No guardian have you nor an intercessor, beside Him. Will you then not take heed”? (04)
Flag 59: Universe Allah’s Six Day Creation: (Sajdah-32: 04: Araf-7: 54: Yunus-10: 03: Hud-11: 07)
> ” He regulates all affairs from the heavens to the earth, then it will ascend to Him on the day which is equal to one thousand years of your reckoning”: (05)
Flag 60: About the (speed & scale of time): (Sajdah-32: 05: Hajj-22: 47: Ma-arij-70: 04)
(i) An indication of different (time & speed) scales unknown to the contemporary sciences & physics.
(ii) The expressed periods must, therefore, be seen as indicative only: not definable in terms of (time & speed) measures with which mankind is familiar.
> ” Such is the knower of the unseen and the seen, the mighty, the merciful”: (06)
Flag 61: Allah: The knower of Unseen (Ghaib) & Seen: The universe: A tiny glimpse of Allah’s might, knowledge & power: (Sajdah-04-06):
> ” Who made all things He created excellent; and began the creation of man from clay”: (07)
> ” Then He made his offspring from the extract of base fluid”: (08)
> ” Then gave him proper shape and breathed into him of His spirit, and gave you (the faculties) of hearing (ears), sight (eyes) and feelings and understanding (hearts). How little are the thanks you offer”! (09)
Flag 62: Creation of Man: A biological/genetic rundown of Allah’s super excellence! (Sajdah-32: 07-09)
(i) Apart from all the material, biological and the genetic aspects: Spirit (Ruh: Allah’s Word or Kun-fa-Yakun) makes the man what he is.
> ” They said: What! How can we be brought to life again after we have been lost in the earth? In fact, they are disbelievers in the meeting with their Lord”: (10)
> ” Say: The angel of death appointed over you will cause you to die, then you shall be brought to your Lord”: (11)
Flag 63: Taking the Soul away on death: (Sajdah-32: 11: Anam-6: 61: Zumar-39: 42)
(i) The term (life or being) when applied to man revolves around soul (Ruh). Without (Ruh), it is nothing but material like sand or stone or a collection of organic and inorganic base.
> ” Could you but see when the guilty will stand before their Lord, heads hung low, (and say): O our Lord, we have seen and we have heard. Now send us back. We will do good. Verily now we are convinced”: (12)
Flag 64: The ‘Day’ & the Confession! Too late, & beyond redress: (Sajdah-32: 10-14 & 20-22 & 26-29)
> ” If We had so willed , We could have given every soul its guidance; but true is the word from Me: I shall certainly fill up hell with with jinn and men together”: (13)
> ” (They will be told): So taste (the consequences). As you forgot the meeting of this your day, verily We too have forsaken you. Now taste the everlasting punishment for that which you had been working”: (14)
> ” Verily only they believe in our signs who, when they are reminded, fall down prostrate and celebrates the praises of their Lord, and they do not become arrogant”: (15)
Flag 65: The true Sajideen (who prostrate to Allah): (Sajdah-32: 15)
> ” Their sides forsake their beds in order to pray before their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend of what We have given them (in Our cause)”: (16)
Flag 66: Tahajjud: Past midnight prayer: (Sajdah-32: 16-17: Bani Israil-17: 79)
(i) On the authority of (Ahlul Bayt): Verse (Sajdah-32: 16) refers to (Tahajjud prayer: past midnight).
> ” No soul knows what delights of eyes are kept hidden (in reserve) for them – as a recompense of what (good) they had been doing”: (17)
> ” Is he who is a believer like him who is a transgressor? They are not alike”: (18)
Flag 67: Distinguish between (Momin) & (Fasiq)? Command: Do not compare the unequal: (Sajdah-32: 18-20)
(i) Reportedly (Walid Ibn Aqbah) said to Ali Ibn Abu Talib: My spear is much sharper than yours, my speech is much more eloquent than yours and my army is much larger than yours.
Ali said: Keep quite. You lead an evil life.
(ii) In verse (Sajdah-32: 18): (Momin) refers to (Ali) while (Fasiq) refers to (Walid).
> “As for those who believe and do good, there are gardens for abode as welcome (in reward) for what (good) they used to do”: (19)
> ” As for those who transgress, their abode shall be the fire, so oft shall they desire to get away from there, they shall be brought back into it, and it shall be said to them:Taste the torment of the fire which you used to belie”: (20)
> ” Verily We shall make them taste the the smaller torment prior to the great torment, that haply they may return to Us”: (21)
Flag 68: Allah’s Mercy: Trial before being condemned: (Sajdah-32: 21)
(i) It may refer to Pagans of Makkah who faced a famine in the Holy Prophet’s 11th year of mission.
> ” Who is more unjust than who is reminded of the signs of his Lord yet turns away from them? Verily We shall exact (due) retribution from those who are guilty”: (22)
> ” Verily We gave Musa the book; so be not in doubt about his receiving it; and We made it (Tawrat) a guidance for the children of Israil”: (23)
Flag 69: The truth about the Children of Israil & the Book (Tawrat): (Sajdah-32: 23)
> ” And We made among them, leaders (Imams) to guide (people) by Our command as they were steadfast, and they were convinced of our signs”: (24)
Flag 70: Leaders (Imams) for Guidance is Allah’s Way (Sunnat): (Sajdah-32: 24)
(i) Included therein are twelve Imams of (Ahlul Bayt) in an unbroken chain.
> ” Verily your Lord will decide between them on the day of judgement concerning that in which they were disputing”: (25)
> ” Do they not find guidance in the many generations We had destroyed before them, amid whose (ruined) dwellings they (now) walk? Verily there are signs in this. Will they not then hear”: (26)
Flag 71: ‘The Disputants’ to face Allah’s decision on the ‘Day’: (Sajdah-32: 25-26)
> ” Do they not see that We drive the water to the parched earth and We bring forth crops from it out of which their cattle and they themselves eat? Will they not then see? : (27)
> ” And they say: When will this judgement come, if you are telling truth”? (28)
> ” Say (O Muhammad): On the day of judgement, (acceptance of) faith by those who have disbelieved will not profit them, nor will they be respite”: (29)
> ” So turn away from them, and wait, verily they too are waiting”: (30)
Flag 72: Wait Patiently till the waiting time expires! (Sajdah-32: 30)
Surah As Sajdah ends
Separa-21 (Utlu Ma Uhiya) continues
> ” O Prophet (Muhammad)! Fear Allah, and do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Verily Allah is all-knowing, all-wise”: (01)
> ” Follow what is revealed to you from your Lord. Verily Allah is aware of what you do”: (02)
> ” Put your trust in Allah. Allah is a sufficient protector”: (03)
Flag 73: Allah the Protector: Absolute faith and trust in Allah commanded: (Ahzab-33: 01-03)
> ” Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his breast, nor has he made your wives whom you declare (to be your mothers) your (real) mothers, nor has he made your adopted sons your (real) sons. This is only your sayings by your mouths; and Allah speaks the truth and He guides to the (right) way”: (04)
Flag 74: Relationship by way of adoption explained: (Ahzab-33: 04-05)
(i) The matter concerning adoption came into light with the marriage of the holy Prophet to (Zainab) was made controversial by the hypocrites and started attracting attention of some faithfuls also.
(ii) Zayd a slave purchased by the holy Prophet later freed by him when his father located his kidnapped son and requested his release through Abu Talib.
(iii) Zayd after being freed decided to stay with the holy Prophet who declared him as his adopted son and asked people to bear witness for the same.
(iv) The holy Prophet married his cousin (Zainab) to Zayd. The marriage did not work out well and ended up in a divorce.
(v) On Allah’s command, the Holy Prophet married (Zainab) which was labelled as marrying the wife of his son, a forbidden act!
(vi) Verses (Ahzab-33: 04-05) cleared the issue forever. Accordingly, no relationship based on adoption could ever be considered the same as blood relationship.
> ” Call them by ( the names) of their fathers. It is more just in the sight of Allah, but if you do not know their fathers, then they are your brothers in faith and your friends. It shall not be a sin if you make a mistake, unless you do so intentionally; and Allah is forgiving, merciful”: (05)
> ” The prophet (Muhammad) has a greater claim (more authority) over the believers than they have on their selves, and his wives are (as) their mothers; and blood relations are closer to each other, according to the book of Allah, than (other) believers and the emigrants, save that you do what is just to your friends. This is inscribed in the book”: (06)
Flag 75: Commandments: Obligations towards the holy Prophet and his wives: Status of Blood Relations: (Ahzab-33: 04-06)
(i) The holy Prophet’s wives are as (Mothers) of all faithfuls.
(ii) Status of holy prophets blood relations confirmed
>>> ” I do not ask you of any recompense for it (the toils of prophetship) save love of my relatives>>>”(Shura-42: 23)
> ” When we took a covenant from the prophets, and from you, and from Nuh and Ibrahim and Musa and Isa, son of Maryam, and We took from them a firm covenant” : (07)
Flag 76: Collective Covenant from all Prophets concerning Muhammad: (Ahzab-33: 07-08: Imran-3: 81: Nisa-4: 41)
(i) Prophets covenanted with Allah to advise their people to join and support his last prophet (Muhammad) when he arrives (Ahzab-33: 07-08: Imran-3: 81:Nisa-4: 41) .
(ii) The covenant includes promise of each prophet to let it be known to their followers that they shall support and join the last prophet (Muhammad) and his Ahlul Bayt (in an unbroken chain of their twelve Imams): Ahzab-33: 33).
> ” That He may question the truthfulness of their truth. He has prepared a painful chastisement for the disbelievers”: (08)
Flag 77: Disbelievers defined: (Ahzab-33: 08)
(i) Disbelievers refers to those who will disregard the advise of their prophet to join and support the last prophet (Muhammad).
> ” O you who believe, remember the favor of Allah to you when there came against you hosts, and We sent against them a hurricane and hosts you did not see. Allah sees all that you do”: (09)
Flag 78: Battle of Trench (Khandaq): (Ahzab: 09-27)
(i) Verses (09-23) refer to the battle of Trench (Khandaq) where single combat between Ali Ibn Abu Talib and Amr bin Abd Wudd proved decisive. After the death of Amr bin Abd Wudd the infidel army facing a hurricane retreated without any further combat.
(ii) Similarly a single combat resulting in the killing of Jalut by Prophet Daud (also mentioned as Talut) resulted in the defeat of a very large infidel army.
> ” When they came upon you from above and from below you, eyes became dull and hearts reached their throats, and you were imagining diverse thoughts about Allah”: (10)
Flag 79: Faithfuls under complete awe and fright at the sight of Amr Ibna Abd Wudd: (Ahzab-33: 10)
(i) ‘From above’ refers to a frightful site of an infidel army facing believers whereas ‘below you’ refers to hypocrites and weak-hearted wavering converts.
> ” There the believers were tried and they were completely shaken”: (11)
Flag 80: Know those whose belief remained (chronically) on a threshold: (Ahzab-33: 11)
(i) ‘Believers’ above refer to that category who were not true faithfuls.
(ii) An army of allied clans (10,000 in numbers) came against the Muslims in the fifth year of Hijrah.
(iii) The pagans of Makkah, Jews and Bedouins under secret pacts besieged Medina.
(iv) A trench was dug up around Medina, as advised by (Salman Farsi), as a defensive measure unknown to the invaders.
(v) During the thirty days siege, many miraculous acts attributable to the holy Prophet in overcoming food shortage and difficulties in digging the trench are on record.
(vi) Finally, a few of the invaders led by Amr Ibn Abd Wudd managed to jump over the narrow part of the unguarded ditch (trench) on their horses.
(vii) Amr Ibn Abd Wudd had such a reputation that none of the faithfuls was willing to accept his repeated challenge for a single combat except Ali.
(viii) On his third call, holy Prophet prayed for Ali and sent him saying: (Kulle-Eman:Total Faith) is going against (Kulle-Kufr: Total infidelity)
(ix) Against all odds and expectations, Ali returned victorious while the holy Prophet commented: Ali’s one single strike which killed Amr Ibn Abd Wudd is equal to the entire worship of the (Saqalain: Both Worlds).
(x) Demoralised by their champion’s (Amr Ibn Abd Wudd’s) death, other intruders rushed their horses back across the trench. One of them could not make it and fell in the ditch.
(xi) A terrible blast of cold winds followed. That uprooted tents and other installations. Other mysterious signs completely terrified and demoralised the (10,000) strong forces and they went into retreat without a fight.
(xii) Never again, after this, an expedition against Medina was launched during the lifetime of the holy Prophet.
> ” When the hypocrites and those in whose hearts was a disease were saying: Allah and His messenger promised us nothing but deceit”: (12)
> ” When a party of them said: O people of Yathrib (Medina), there is no place for you, turn back: and a party of them asked leave of the prophet saying: Verily our houses lie exposed; while they were not exposed. They only wanted to run away”: (13)
> ” If (the enemy) had entered (the city) from every side and they had been incited to treachery, they would certainly have done so, while they would have tarried but a little”: (14)
> ” Verily they had earlier made a covenant with Allah that they would never turn their backs; and (every) covenant made with Allah is answerable”: (15)
Flag 81: Beware! None of the covenant with Allah could be disregarded: (Ahzab-33: 15)
(i) Included therein is the covenant jointly made by all faithfuls at Ghadir (Maidah: 03, 07 and 67).
(ii) Earlier covenants include those made by deserters at (Battle of Uhud).
> ” Say (O Muhammad): Flight shall not profit you if you flee from death or slaughter, and (even) then you will not be allowed to enjoy yourself except for short while”: (16)
> ” Say: Who is he who can protect you from Allah if He intends to bring evil on you or intends to have mercy on you? They will never find a guardian or helper apart from Allah”: (17)
> ” Verily Allah knows who among you obstruct, and those who say to their brethren: Come to us: and they do not come to the battle but a little”: (18)
> ” Being niggardly towards you. When fear comes, you will see them looking at you, their eyes rolling like (the eyes) of whom death has cast its shadow. Then when the fear departs, they smite you with sharp tongues, being niggardly of the good things. These have not believed. So Allah has nullified their deeds. This is easy for Allah”: (19)
Flag 82: The state of majority of faithfuls facing enemy at the trench: (Ahzab-33: 19-20)
(i) Most of the companions of the holy prophet, who were weak in faith, fell easy prey to the tactics promoted by the hypocrites. The attitude at battles of Badr and Uhud was repeated in spite of promises to act otherwise. However, when the danger passed, they were ever so eager to brag and show their solidarity and greed to collect a share of spoils of the war.
> ” They think the clans have not yet departed, and should the clans come (again), they would fain be in the desert with the wandering Arabs, seeking news about you; and had they been among you they would not fight save a little”: (20)
Flag 83: About those who failed to grasp the victory and took to desert in fear: (Ahzab-33: 20)
> ” Verily in the messenger of Allah (Muhammad) you have an excellent pattern for him who has hope in Allah and last day, and remembers Allah much”: (21)
> ” When the believers saw the clans, they said: This is what Allah and His Messenger had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger had spoken the truth; and this enhanced their faith and submission”: (22)
Flag 84: The contrasting attitude of the true believers at the front lines of battle of Khandaq (Trench): (Ahzab-33: 22-23):
(i) The ‘believers’ mentioned in the verse are none but the likes of Ali Ibna Abu Talib.
(ii) Included therein are Hamza, Jafar, Abu Obayda with their vows already fulfilled: and Ali who is still waiting.
> ” Among the believers, there are men who are true to the covenant they had made with Allah. There is among them who has fulfilled his vow, there is he who is still waiting, and they have not changed in the least”: (23)
> ” That Allah may recompense the truthful for their truthfulness and punish the hypocrites if He wills, or turn to them in mercy. Verily Allah is forgiving, merciful”: (24)
> ” Allah turned back the disbelievers in their fury, they did not gain any advantage. Allah sufficed for the believers in the fighting. Allah is all-powerful, all-mighty”: (25)
> ” He brought those of the people of the book who supported them down from their fortress, and cast terror into their hearts, (so that) you killed some, and some you made captive”: (26)
> ” And He made you inherit their land, houses, property and a land you have not traversed before. Allah has power over all things”: (27)
Flag 85: The conspiring Jewish tribe punished: (Ahzab-33: 26- 27)
(i) The above verses refer to Jewish tribe of the Banu Qurayza who were punished under Jewish law by a Jewish arbiter (Sad bin Mu-az).
> ” O Prophet (Muhammad) say to your wives: If you desire the life and pomp of this world, come, I will provide you (handsomely), and let you depart with an honorable release”: (28)
> ” But if you desire Allah, His messenger and the abode of the hereafter, then verily Allah has prepared for those who are good among you, a great recompense”: (29)
> ” O wives of the prophet, whosoever of you commit manifest indecency, her punishment will be doubled. This is easy for Allah”: (30)
Flag 86: Allah’s warning to the wives of Holy Prophet: (Ahzab-33: 28-30)
(i) Most commentators agree that warnings to the wives resulted due to ongoing pressure for a better standard of living which the holy Prophet could not afford.
(ii) Ummi Salma was first to get up and declare that: I have chosen Allah and the holy Prophet: and the verse (Ahzab-33: 29) was revealed.