Highlighted Quranic Listing 6

Highlighted Quranic listing of the sixth Separa (La Yuhibbulah) is here. An attempt has been made to simplify the tracking of the desired information. At the outset, it is necessary to acknowledge innumerable sources used in the compilation of this effort. No attempt has been made to list the references individually; but sincere thanks are due to all, individually and collectively. 


  1. The list of (Flags) below is a subject-wise identification
  2. Each (Flag) refers to the corresponding (verse or verses) and identifies (explanatory note), if any
  3. Quranic verses of this (Separa) are listed and marked in a conventional way
  4. For example (Maidah-5: 01-03)) refers to the first three verses of Surah Maidah which is the fifth Surah of the Holy Quran.
  5. Each verse commences and ends marked as (> “—–“: (number of the verse)
  6. >>> ” denotes the subject of the verse is continuing into the next verse
  7. All notes are numbered in parenthesis as ( i), (ii) and so on
  8. All a reader needs to do is review the listed (Flags), choose the desired subject and proceed to the indicated (Ayat) 
Contents hide


Separa 06: La Yuhibbulah Surah

An- Nisa (148-177)
Surah Al Maidah (01-82) 


An Nisa


> ” Allah does not love the Utterance of evil in (public) speech, except by one who has been wronged: and Allah is ever hearer, knower”: (148)

Flag 1: Islamic Code of conduct for public speech: (Nisa-4: 148)


(i) Islam bans false, defamatory and slander utterances:

> ” If you do good openly or conceal it, or pardon an evil, then verily, Allah is pardoning, powerful”: (149)

> ” Verily, those who deny Allah and His messengers and desire to differentiate between Allah and His messengers and say ‘ We believe in some and others we deny ‘ , and they intend to take a way in between the two (this and that)”: (150)

> ” (These) are truly the real infidels. And we have prepared a disgraceful torment for the infidels”: (151) 

> ” And those who believe in Allah and His messengers and do not differentiate between any of them will be given by Him their recompense; for Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful”: (152)

Flag 2: Differentiating between messengers an act of infidelity : (Nisa-4: 150-152)

> ” The people of the book demand of you (O Muhammad) to bring for them a book from heaven: so they had indeed demanded of Musa a greater thing than that; for they said; ‘ Show us Allah openly (face to face)’: whereupon lightning struck them for their wickedness. Then they took a calf (for worship) after clear signs had come to them; even so We pardoned them that; and We gave Musa a clear authority”: (153)

Flag 3: Unreasonable people of the book: (Nisa-4: 153-172):

> ” And We raised the mountain above them at the (taking of) their covenant ; and We said to them: ‘Enter the gate, prostrate’, and We said to them, ‘Do not transgress (Our limits) in the matter of Sabbath’ and We took a firm covenant from them”: (154)

Flag 4: Covenants disregarded by Jews and punishment: (154-158)

> ” So (they were punished) for breaking the covenant, and for denying the signs of Allah, and for slaying of the prophets unjustly, and saying ‘Our hearts are enfolded in covers’, nay, Allah has set a seal upon them for their disbelief so they do not believe but a little”: (155)

> ” And because of their disbelief and their speaking against Maryam a dreadful calumny”: (156)

> “And because of their saying: ‘ Verily, we have slain the Al-Masih, Isa son of Maryam, the messenger of Allah’. They did not slay him, and they did not crucify him, but it appeared so to them, and indeed those who differ concerning it are only in doubt thereof; they do not have any true knowledge about it except pursue of a conjecture; for surely they did not slay him”: (157)

> ” Nay, Allah raised him up to Himself; and Allah is mighty, wise”: (158)

Flag 5: Truth behind Claimed Crucification Al-Masih: Nisa-4: (157-158):

> ” And there shall be none of the people of the book but must believe in him before his death; and on the day of resurrection he (Isa) will be a witness against them”:(159)

Flag 6: Isa a witness against them: (Nisa-4: 159)

> ” For the iniquity of those who are Jews, We forbade them those good things which had been made lawful for them (before), and for their obstructing many people from the path of Allah”: (160)

Flag 7: Jewish iniquity & Punishment: (Nisa-4: 160) 

> ” And for their taking interest, though indeed it had been forbidden; and for devouring property wrongfully, and We have prepared for the disbelievers amongst them a painful torment”: (161)

Flag 8: Interest (Riba) and gobbling property unjustly: (Nisa-4: 161)

> ” But the well-grounded in knowledge amongst them (Rasekhoon fil ilm) and believers (who) believe in what has been sent down to you and what has been sent down before you, and the givers of zakat, and the believers in Allah and the last day, these are the people whom we shall give a great recompense”: (162)

Flag 9: Knowing (Rasekhoon-fil-ilm): (Nisa-4: 162)

> ” We have revealed to you (O Muhammad) as We revealed to Nuh and the messengers after him; and we revealed to Ibrahim, and Ismail and Ishaque and Yaqub, and the tribes, and Isa, and Ayub, and Yunus, and Harun, and Sulayman, and We gave to Daud the book of Psalm”: (163)

> ” And the messengers We mentioned to you before and messengers We have not mentioned to you, and Allah spoke to Musa directly”: (164)

> ” Messengers who gave glad tidings and warnings in order that people may have no argument against Allah (after the coming of) the messengers; and Allah is mighty, wise”: (165)

> ” But Allah Himself bear witness that what He he has sent down to you (O Muhammad) He sent down with His knowledge; and the angels bear witness, and Allah is sufficient as witness”: (166)

Flag 10: Prophets, Revelations & Direct Talk to Musa: (Nisa-4: 163-166)

> ” Verily those who disbelieve, and keep off (people) from Allah’s way have indeed strayed, far away (from the right path): (167)

> ” Verily, those who disbelieve and act unjustly, Allah will never forgive them, neither will He give them any way” (168)

> ” Except the way of hell, to abide therein for ever, and this is easy for Allah”: (169)

> ” O mankind! Verily , the messenger (Muhammad) has come to you with truth from your Lord, believe (then in him), it is best for you; and if you disbelieve, then, to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; and Allah is knowing and wise”: (170)

Flag 11: Allah’s Open Invitation & Warnings: No Easy Way for Disbelievers: (Nisa-4: 167-170)

> O people of the book ! do not commit excesses in your religion, and do not say (anything) about Allah except the truth. Verily, Isa , son of Maryam, is only a messenger of Allah and His word which He conveyed to Maryam, and a spirit (proceeding) from Him, believe therefore in Allah and His messengers; and do not say ‘Three’ (Trinity-three gods). Desist, it is better for you. Verily, verily, Allah is only one God. Far from His glory is it that He should have a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Allah is sufficient as a protector”: (171)

> ” Al Masih (Isa) never disdains to be a slave of Allah, nor do the angels close to Him; and those who disdain to serve (worship) Him, and are proud (should remember) that He will gather them all together unto Himself”: (172)

> ” So that as to those who believe and do good deeds, He will give them, then, their full recompense – and more, out of His grace; but those who are disdainful and proud, He will punish them with a painful torment”: (173)

> ” And they will not find for themselves, besides Allah, any guardian or helper”: (174)

> ” O mankind! indeed a proof (undeniable) has come to you from your Lord; and we have sent down a manifest light to you”: (175)

Flag 12: The Manifest Light: (Nisa-4: 175)


(i) On the authority of Ahlul Bayt: Burhan (the finest, strongest, and most valid evidence which necessarily implies truth and veracity as its consequence) is the holy Prophet.

(ii) {NurumMubina (a manifest light)} is similar to (Imamum Mubin:Yasin-36: 12)

(iii) Light of guidance can never reach anyone except through the thoroughly purified (Ahlul Bayt:Ahzab-33: 33).

(iv) On the authority of Imam Jafer Sadiq: Through us (the Ahlul Bayt) Allah is recognized and worshiped.

> ” So that, as to those who believe in Allah, and hold fast to HIm, He will soon admit them to mercy and grace from Him, and guide them to Himself (by) the straight path”: (176)

Flag 13: Understand the Truth about Isa and Believe in Muhammad: (Nisa-4: 171-176)

>” They ask you for a legal decision. Say (O Muhammad): Allah has given you a decision in the matter of ‘Kalalah’ (distant kindred). If a man dies and leaves no offspring behind but has a sister, she shall have half of what he leaves; and he shall be her heir if she has no son; and if there are two sisters, they shall have two-thirds of what he leaves; and if there are brothers and sisters, then the male shall have a share equal to that of two females. Allah makes this manifest to you lest you err; and Allah is the knower of all things”: (177) 

Surah An Nisa ends 

Separa 06 (La Yuhibbullah) Continues

Surah Al Ma-idah



> ” O you who believe! fulfil the contracts made by (you)>>>”

(Maidah-5: 01)

Flag 14: Sanctity of Contracts: (Maidah-5: 01)


(i) See note (Maidah-5: 03)

(ii) Included therein is the one made at Ghadir Khum (Maidah-67 & 03) which was a part of the holy Prophet’s last sermon. The covenant was made by the entire crowd returning from Hajj. Holy Prophet’s declaration (Of whomsoever I am the Master (Maula) Ali is his Master (Maula) was unanimously approved and accepted by the entire crowd. After the declaration delivered with clarity; Allah announced the choosing Islam as the religion of the faithfuls (Maidah-5: 03) and the covenant confirmed subsequently (Maidah-5: 07).

>>> ” Made lawful (as food) for you are four-footed (grass eating) animals, except those which are recited to you; but, while you are performing the acts of pilgrimage , game is unlawful; verily, Allah commands what He intends”: (01):


(i) Lawful food restrictions

(ii) Gaming restrictions during Hajj

> ” O you who believe! Do not violate the (sanctity of) the monuments of Allah, nor the sacred month, nor the offerings, nor the garlands (in their necks), nor those repairing to the sacred house seeking grace from their Lord and (His) pleasure; and when you are free from the (prescribed restrictions of the pilgrimage), then you may hunt;>>>” (02)

Flag 15: Sanctity of Monuments of Allah (Shua’rallah): Maidah-5: 02)


(i) The description of (Monuments of Allah) need to be understood.

(ii) The emphasis on such small items as garlands in the neck of sacrifices have been highlighted.

(iii) it must, therefore, be concluded that anything which is solely in the name and for Allah may constitute as (Shua’rallah)! What is important is the intent (Niyaat).

>>>” and not let the hatred of a people who (once) prevented you from going to the sacred masjid incite you to exceed the limits. Help one another in righteousness and piety, and do not help one another in sin and aggression, and safeguard yourself (against evil) with full awareness of Allah’s laws; verily Allah is severe in punishment”

(Maidah-5: 02)

Flag 16: Cooperate in Piety & Discard Cooperation in Evil: (Maidah-5: 02)


(i) The Guiding Principle of Faith {cooperation in righteousness (Twalla) and discarding evil (Tabbarra)}: Or in other words (Amar Bil Maroof Wa Nahi Anal Munakar) constitute universal maxims of ‘Justice’: (Maidah-5: 02)

> ” Forbidden to you is (the eating) of the dead (carrion), and the blood, and the flesh of swine, and what has been (slaughtered) in other than the name of Allah, and the strangled, and beaten to death, and killed by falling, and that which has been killed by (the goring of) horns, and that which has been eaten by wild beasts, except what you slaughter (in accordance with the prescribed law); and (also forbidden to you) is that which has been sacrificed at altars (stones dedicated to idols), and that you divide by casting lots with arrows, all this is an abomination.>>>”

(Maidah-5: 03)

Flag 17: Meat Restrictions( Halal/Haram Meat): (Maidah-5: 03)

>>>” This day, those who disbelieve have despaired of your religion, so fear them not, and fear Me. This day I have perfected for you your religion, and have completed My favors on you, and chosen for you Islam (as your) religion>>>”

(Maidah-5: 03)

Flag 18: Choosing Islam as Religion & Completion of Allah’s Favours (Ghadir Khum): (Maidah-5: 01,03,07 & 67)


(i) The commencement of Imamat (Ghadir Khum):

The narrative in the sequential format along with references is given below:

(ii) Command to Deliver the Message: Allah’s command to Holy Prophet to deliver the important message without fail:

> ” (O Muhammad) Deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord; and if you do not do it, then, (it will be as if) you have not delivered His message (at all), and surely Allah will protect you from (the mischief) of men; verily, Allah does not guide a disbelieving people”:

(Maidah-5: 67)

(iii) Delivery of Allah’s Command:

While returning from his last Hajj on the way back to Madina, the Holy Prophet received Allah’s command identified above. Subsequently, after he delivered a long sermon recalling all his services, he raised Ali’s hand and made the following announcement seeking confirmation of the same in the form of a covenant with Allah (Ghadir Khum covenant):

(iv) Mun Kunto Maula fa Haza Ali Un Maula: 

‘Allah is your Guardian and then I am your Guardian and thereafter Ali is your Guardian (Mun Kunto Maula fa Haza Ali Un Maula)’.

(v) The confirmation:

The entire crowd in one single voice confirmed the declaration and approved the covenant at Ghadir. Participants profusely congratulated (Ali Ibna Abu Talib) on his appointment as Maula of the faithfuls.

(vi) The Completion of Allah’s Favours and Choosing Islam as Religion:

After delivery of the message (Maidah-5: 67); Allah’s declaration below was revealed: (Maidah-5: 03)

>>> ” This day, those who disbelieve have despaired of your religion, so fear them not, but fear Me>>>”

>>> ” This day I have perfected for you your religion, and completed My favor on you, and chosen for you Islam (as your) religion>>>”

(Maidah-5: 03)

(vii) Allah’s Reminder to Obey the Ghadir Khum Covenant:

Acknowledgment of the declaration at Ghadir Khum was subsequently revealed as below: (Maidah-5: 07)

> ” And remember the bounties of Allah on you and His covenant by which He has bound you when you said: We have heard (your commandment) and we have obeyed (it sincerely): and fear Allah; verily, Allah knows whatever is (hidden) in your breasts (hearts)”

(Maidah-5: 07)

(viii) Mission Accomplished & Allah’s Call for the holy Prophet to Return:

The completion of holy Prophet’s mission and his upcoming return to Allah was further elaborated as below:

> ” So when you have completed (the duties of your ministry), then establish (your successor)”

(Inshirah-94: 07)

> ” And return to your Lord with fervour”

(Inshirah-94: 08)

>>>” But whoever is helplessly forced by hunger, with no inclination to sin, then, verily, Allah is oft-forgiving , merciful”: (03)

Flag 19: Eating Exemption: (Maidah-5: 03)

> ” They ask you (O Muhammad): What is lawful to them as (food): Say: The good things have been made lawful for you; and what the trained hunting hounds catch for you whom you have taught what Allah has taught you, then eat of what they catch for you, and mention the name of Allah over them (when you let go the hound after the game), and fear Allah; verily, Allah is swift in reckoning”: (04) 

Flag 20: Hunting Norms (Halal Game): (Maidah-5: 04)

> ” This day, (all) good things have been made lawful to you, and made lawful to you are the food of the people of the book, and your food is made lawful for them; and (lawful to you) are the chaste (protected) women from among the believers and the chaste (protected) women among those whom the book has been given before you when you have given them their wages (dowers), with the chaste intention of (taking them in wedlock), neither fornification, nor taking them as paramours in secret; and he who denies faith, indeed, all his deeds become vain, and in the hereafter he shall be of the losers”: (05)

Flag 21: Understanding the Limitations of Relationship with the ‘People of Book’ concerning Food & Women: (Miadah-5: 05)


(i) On the authority of Imam Jafer Sadiq: The word ‘Ta’am’ implies food made of grain.

(ii) Excluded from Ta’am’ is the prohibited meat and that from those killed in contravention of the Islamic laws of slaughtering.

(iii) ‘Wal Muhsanat’ should be understood with reference to ‘Ujurahunna’ (Nisa-4: 24). Therefore, this permission relates to (mutatun nisa: temporary marriage).

> ” O you who believe! When you get ready for prayers, wash your faces, and your hands up to (and including) the elbows, wipe (a part of) your heads, and (a part of) your feet to the ankles; and if you be polluted, then cleanse yourself: and if you be sick or on a journey, or (if) one of you comes from the privy or you have had to contact with women and do not find water, then betake yourself to clean earth and wipe (a part of) your faces and (a part of) your hands with it. Allah does not intend to lay a difficulty on you but intends to purify you so that He may complete His favor on you, that haply you may be grateful”: (06)

Flag 22: Knowing ‘Wudu and Tayammum’: (Maidah-5: 06):

> ” And remember the bounties of Allah on you, and His covenant by which He has bound you when you said: We have heard (your commandment) and we have obeyed (it sincerely): and fear Allah; verily, Allah knows whatever is (hidden) in your breasts (hearts)”: (07)

Flag 23: Covenants with Allah & knowing the Consequences of Default: (Maidah-5: 07)


(i) The above verse refers to the confirmation and approval of the covenant at Ghadir Khum.

(ii) See note (Maidah-5: 03) concerning the covenant of ‘Ghadir Khum’. 

(iii) Refer to:

> ” Those who fulfill their covenant with Allah and do not break”

(Rad-13: 20)

> ” And those who keep together (enjoin) what Allah has commanded to be held together (enjoined) and fear their Lord and dread the terrible reckoning”

(Rad-13: 21)

> ” O you who believe! Be always upright for Allah, bearing witness with justice, and do not let hatred of a people incite you not to act equitably. Act equitably – that is nearer to piety; fear Allah, verily, Allah is (fully) aware of what you do”: (08)

> ” Allah has promised those who believe and do good deeds, (that there is) for them pardon and a great recompense”: (09)

> ” And those who disbelieve and belie Our signs, these are companions of hell-fire”: (10)

> ” O you who believe! Remember Allah’s bounties on you when a people had determined to stretch forth their hands against you, but He withheld their hands from you; so fear Allah, and upon Allah let the faithful rely”: (11)

Flag 24: Understand Piety & its Rewards and the Vice Versa: (Maidah-5: 8-11):

> ” And certainly Allah took a covenant from the children of Israil, and We raised amongst them twelve captains, and Allah said: Verily, I am with you; if you keep up salat, and pay zakat, and believe in my messengers, and support them, and lend to Allah a goodly loan; I will certainly wipe off from you your sins, and certainly cause you to enter gardens in which rivers flow; but whoso among you disbelieves, after this, will surely have wandered away from right path”: (12)

Flag 25: Bani Israil’s Twelve Captains & the Covenant Breaking: (Maidah-5: 12-14):

> ” But because of their breaking their covenant, We cursed them and made their hearts hard; they change the position of words (of the scripture) from their (proper) places, and have forgotten a part of that whereof they were admonished. And you will not cease to find deceit among them, save a few of them; so forgive them and pass (them) over; verily, Allah love the beneficent”: (13)

> ” And of them who say: Verily, we are christians: We (also) took their covenant, but they have forgotten a part of that whereof they were admonished. Therefore We stirred up among them enmity and hatred till the day of resurrection; and soon will Allah inform them of what they have been doing”: (14)

> ” O people of the book! Indeed our messenger (Muhammad) has come to you, manifesting to you much of what you had been concealing of the book; and he passes over a good deal. Indeed, there has come to you from Allah light and manifesting book (the Quran)”: (15)

Flag 26: (O People of the Book): Know Muhammad (Light & Kitab-um-Mubin): (Maidah-5: 15 & 16)


(i) Light refers to Muhammad & Ali.

(ii) Manifesting book (Kitabum Mubin) refers to silent (samit) Quran, and speaking (natiq) Quran which refers to Muhammad and the Ahlul Bayt in an unbroken chain.

> ” Whereby Allah guides him who follows His pleasure into the ways of peace, and takes them out of darkness into light by His will, and guides them to a straight path”: (16)

> ” Certainly they are infidels who say: Verily, Allah, He is Al Masih (Isa) son of Maryam: (Say O Muhammad): Who, then, is capable of doing anything against Allah, if He intends to destroy al Masih, son of Maryam, and his mother, and those who on this earth altogether? And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and what is between the two. He creates what He wills; and Allah has power over all things”: (17)

> ” And the Jews and Christians say: ‘ We are the sons of Allah and His beloved ones’. Say (O Muhammad): ‘ Why, then, does He punishes you for your sins?’ Nay, you are but men, (part) of those He has created; He pardons whom He pleases and punishes whom He wills; and to Allah belongs the dominion of heavens and earth and what is between the two; and to Him is the ultimate return (of all)”: (18)

> ” O people of the book! Indeed Our messenger (Muhammad) has come to you, explaining to you, after the break in (the series of) Our messengers, lest you say: ‘ There came not to us a bearer of glad tidings, nor a warner’: but, now has come to you a bearer of glad tidings and a warner (Muhammad), and Allah has power over all things”: (19)

Flag 27: Christians & Jews not Allah’s Sons; But an Ordinary Component of His Creation (Mankind): (Maidah-5: 17-19)

> ” And (remember) when Musa said to his people: O my people! Remember the bounties of Allah upon you, when He appointed prophets from among you, and made you kings, and gave you what He has not given to anyone in the world”: (20)

> ” O my people! Enter the holy land which Allah has assigned to you, and do not turn your backs, for then you will turn back (as) losers”: (21)

> ” They said: O Musa! Verily in that land live a people who are formidable; verily, we will never enter it until they go out from there, and if they go out, then certainly we will enter”: (22)

> ” Then the two men of those who feared (Allah) and on whom Allah had bestowed His favors said: Enter upon them (suddenly) by the gate (of the city); for if you enter by it, verily you shall be victorious, and upon Allah, you should rely, if you be (true) believers”: (23)

> ” They said: O Musa! Verily, we shall never enter so long as they are there. Go you and your Lord to fight them. Verily, we shall stay here sitting”: (24)

> ” He (Musa) said: O my Lord! I have control over none but myself and my brother, so cause a separation between us and these people who are rebellious”: (25)

Flag 28: Children Of Israil in Open Rebellion: (Maidah-5: 20-25)

> ” He (Allah) said: Then, verily this land is forbidden to them for forty years; they shall wander (perplexed) over the earth; therefore, do not grief for a people (who are) rebellious”: (26)

Flag 29: Wandering of Children of Israil for Forty Years: (Maidah-5: 26)


(i) Jewish disobedience and breaking the covenant and consequential punishment {(Being Allah’s Way (Sunnat)} to wander (perplexed) over the earth for forty years.

(ii) No reason to believe that prevailing of Allah’s Way (Sunnat) shall not be applicable to the faithfuls.

(iii) It is apparent, that the curse, for disregarding covenant with Allah at Ghadir Khum, is looming large and is unlikely to end before the arrival of the twelfth Imam.

> ” And recite to them with truth the story of the two sons of Adam, when they both offered an offering. It was accepted from one but was not accepted from the other. (The latter) said: I shall certainly slay you. (The former) said: Verily, verily, Allah accepts only (the sacrifice) from those who safeguard themselves against evil with full awareness of divine laws (Muttaqin)”

(Maidah-5: 27)

Flag 30: The initiation of Violence (Fisad-Fil-Arz) on Earth: (Maidah-5: 27)


(i) The landing of Adam and his adversary Shaytan on earth had occurred. The early commencement of the struggle had taken shape.

(ii) Qābeel (Cain), led by arrogance and envy to do away with his younger brother, Hābeel (Abel):

> ” If you stretch forth your hand against me to slay me, I shall not stretch forth my hand against you to slay you; verily, I fear Allah, the Lord of the worlds”

(Maidah-5: 28)

> ” Verily, I intend that you should bear my sin as well as your own; so you will be among the companions of fire, and this is the punishment of unjust”

(Maiadah-5: 29) 

> ” So his passion led him to slay his brother, and became one of the losers”

(Maidah-5: 30)

Flag 31: Mankind’s First Assassination: (Maidah-5: 27-30)


(i) Habeel’s assassination: The first act of (Fisad-fil-Arz) amongst mankind (or, perhaps Homo-Erects turned into Homo-Sapiens).

(ii) History of Marriage with Blood Relations: At that time, there had been no concept of inhibitions on marriage with blood relations. Reportedly, marriage related rivalry being one of the reasons behind Qabeel’s crime.

(iii) Civilization and culture went through a gradual adoption of commandments sent down through the chain of messengers.

(iv) Everything did not happen in one go.

(v) Guidance (Hidayat) was passed on by the adoption of Allah’s Way (Sunnat) taking into account ground realities such as physical, geographical, and cultural aspects.

(vi) Allah’s Way (Sunnat) had always been a dynamic instead of static command.

Flag 32: Knowing the ‘Transition Phase’ of the ‘Divine Order’: (Maidah-5: 30)

Additional Note:

(i) The transitional development of civilization (Adam to Nuh and a few subsequent prophets) may be taken as the formative phase. It appears that the key issue during this period had been the denial of prophet-hood and rejection of messages brought forward by them. The promulgation and adherence to ‘Divine Order’ details continued to be of the secondary significance. However, progressive emphasis on the same continued in the background in a gradual manner.

(ii) With Ibrahim (the fountainhead of Islam) launching of the promulgation of the ‘Divine Order’ leading to the ultimate shape commenced.

> ” Then Allah sent a crow which dug up the earth so as to show how to cover up the naked corpse of his brother>>>”

(Maidah-5: 31)

Flag 33: Allah’s first lesson of ‘Science’ to Mankind: (Maidah-5: 31):


(i) Science being the heart of Allah’s Way (Sunnat) reflected by its early introduction as below: The flow of guidance from the Lord had commenced by the way of adoption of Allah’s Way (Sunnat): 

(ii) The lesson of using ‘intellect’ as a tool for observing and gathering data and adopting it for use in practical life. Today, this may be introduced as the first-ever lesson of ‘Science’.

(iii) Science was introduced by the Lord (Allah) as the necessary step for survival on earth.

(iv) The flow of guidance to mankind had commenced as the ‘Way of Adoption’ of Allah’s Way (Sunnat) and ‘Science’ being its integral component even at that earliest stage.

> ” for this reason we prescribed for the children of Israel that he who slays a human being for other than murder (as punishment for killing another human being) or for spreading corruption in the land, (it shall be) as though he has slain all mankind; and he who saves a human life, it shall be as though he has saved the entire mankind. And certainly, our messengers came to them with clear evidence, and yet, verily, many of them, even after that, commit excesses in the land”: (32)

Flag 34: Slaying of One Innocent constitutes Slaying of Entire Mankind & Vice Versa: (Maidah-5: 32)


(i) Fisad-fil Arz (Spreading lawlessness and mischief on the land) bracketed with murder as a crime (32)

> ” The recompense for those who wage war against Allah and His messenger, and strive in spreading mischief in the land, is only that they should be slain or crucified, or that their hands and their feet should be cut of from the opposite sides, or they be banished from the land, and for them, in the hereafter shall be a great torment”: (33)

Flag 35: Punishment for spreading mischief on land (Fisad-fil-Arz): (Maidah-5: 33)


(i) After the declaration of Ghadir Khum (Miadah-5: 67 & 03) and non-compliance after (Maidah-5: 07): the sequence of Aaayats (Maidah-5: 20-34), starting from non-compliance with covenants with Allah and with the murder of innocent (Adam’s son) along with waging war against Allah and spreading mischief on land culminating in the pronouncement of punishments is sufficient to underscore the gravity of the matter. The non-compliance resulted in the slaying of prophets and imams and particularly those at Karbala.

> ” Except those who repent before you overpower them. Know that Allah is oft forgiving, merciful”: (34) 

> ” O you who believe! Fear Allah and seek means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His way, that haply you may have success”: (35)

Flag 36: Seeking Means of Approach to Allah (Wasila): (Maidah-5: 35)


(i) Allah directs ‘Seeking of means of access (Wasila)’ to approach Him.

(ii) If Allah had willed He could have guided mankind directly through inspiration, but in His infinite wisdom, He had not deemed it desirable. Instead he conveyed through representatives (Prophets).

(iii) It is therefore necessary to seek (Wasila) to successfully approach Allah.

(iv) For faithfuls, these include Muhammad and the (Ahlul Bayt) who have been thoroughly purified by Allah (Azab-33: 33)

> ” Verily, those who disbelieve, if they had all that is in the earth, and two times more, so that they might ransom (themselves) therewith from the torments of the day of resurrection; it shall not be accepted from them; and for them there is a painful torment”: (36)

> ” They would desire to come out from the fire, but shall not be able to come out therefrom, and for them shall be a lasting torment”: (37)

Flag 37: Disbelievers on the day of resurrection: (Maidah-5: 36-37)

> ” And (as for) the thief, whether man or woman, cut off their hands as punishment for what they have earned, an exemplary punishment from Allah; and Allah is mighty and wise”: (38)

> ” But he who turns repentant to Allah after his iniquity, and reforms, then, verily. Allah turns to him (mercifully). Verily, Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful”: (39)

> ” Do you not know that to Allah belongs the dominion of heavens and earth; He punishes whom He wills, and pardons whom He pleases and Allah has power over all things”: (40)

Flag 38: Punishment for Thefts & Repentance: (Maidah-5: 38-40)


(i) Next to high moral education and deep religious upbringing, it is fear of consequences, as experience proves, that keeps in check the tendency to steal and thieve.

(ii) Adultery destroys purity of character and rends asunder the peace and harmony of the society.

(iii) Therefore these two crimes have been particularly underlined for severe punishment. 

(iv) The ‘Divine’ statute in this regard is not to be taken lightly. However, as in most cases, Allah has not totally closed the window of repentance.

> ” O Messenger (Muhammad) do not let those who vie with one another in infidelity grieve you (namely) those who say : ‘We believe’ with their mouths, and their hearts believe not; and of the Jews, listeners to falsehood, listeners on behalf of other people (as spies) (who) have not come to you; they distort the words (of the Tawrat) out of context, and say: ‘If you are given this (what we tell you) take it, and if you are not given this, beware! ‘: (As for him) whom Allah desires to try, you can never intercede with Allah for him. Those are they whose hearts Allah will not purify; for them is disgrace in this world and a great punishment in the hereafter”: (41)

> ” (They are) listeners to falsehood, devourers of illicit gain, therefore if they come to you (O Muhammad) judge between them or turn away from them, and if you turn away from them, then they shall never (be able) to harm you at all; but if you judge, then judge between them with equity; verily Allah loves those who are equitable”: (42)

Flag 39: Allah’s Legislative Command Concerning People of the Book: (Maidah-5: 42)


(i) Reference (Maidah- 42): If the people of the book refer their dispute to the Holy Prophet or any of his successors, it can be judged in the light of their books or in accordance with the Islamic law, or it can be referred back to their own jurists.

> ” But how shall they make you a judge, when the Tawrat is with them which contains the (clear) judgment of Allah? Yet they turn away (even) after that, and such people are not believers”: (43)

> ” Verily We sent down the Tawrat which contains guidance and light, in accordance with which (Our) messengers who submitted (to Allah) judged the Jews; and so did the divine (rabbis) and the scholars (priests) by that wherewith they were entrusted of the book of Allah, and they were witnesses thereof. Therefore, do not fear the people, but fear Me; and do not barter My signs away for a small price; and those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down are infidels indeed”: (44)

> ” And We prescribed therein for them a life for life, and an eye for an eye, and a nose for a nose, and an ear for ear, and a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds reprisal; but he who forgoes it (out of charity), then it shall be for him an expiation. And those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down are the unjust”: (45) 

Flag 40: Know those who ignore Allah’s Legislation: (Maidah-5: 44-45 & 47)


(i) Infidels (Maiadah-5: 44)

(ii) Unjust (Maidah-5: 45)

(iii) Transgressors (Maidah-5: 47)

> ” And We caused Isa, son of Maryam to follow in their footsteps, confirming the Tawrat which had been (sent down) before him, and We gave him the Injil containing guidance and light, and confirming what was (sent down) before it in the Tawrat – a guidance and an admonition for those who safeguard themselves (against evil) with full awareness of the divine laws (Mutaqin): (46)

> ” And let the people of the Injil judge by what Allah has sent down in it; and whoever does not judge by what Allah has sent down, these, then, are the transgressors”: (47)

Flag 41: Compliance with Legislative Command based on Allah’s Way (Sunnat) equally mandatory for the people of the book: (Maidah- 47)

> ” And We have sent down to you (O Muhammad) the Book (Quran) with truth, confirming what is before it of the book, and a guardian over it. Therefore judge between them by what Allah has sent down, and do not follow their (vain) desires, diverging from what has come to you of the truth>>>”

(Maidah-5: 48)

Flag 42: Legislative Progression with respect to Allah’s Way (Sunnat): (Maidah-5: 48)


(i) The applicable laws as per Allah’s Way (Sunnat) went through a process of change to suit on-ground realities with respect to each ‘Era’.

(ii) Claiming rigidity to precedences in this regard is not what Allah desires.

(iii) Ongoing development of legislative guidelines in line with the contemporary requirements based on Allah’s Way (Sunnat) needs to be understood.

>>> ” To each of you We appointed a law and a (clear) way; and if Allah had desired, He would have made you (all) a single community, but what He might try you by what He has given (to each of) you, therefore vie one with another in good deeds. To Allah will you all return; and then He shall declare to you concerning that you differered (48)

Flag 43: Understand Allah’s Guidelines Concerning Interfaith: (Maidah-5: 48) 


(i) Allah’s command to peaceful ‘Mutual Coexistence’ with respect to interfaith is clear.

(ii) While preaching faith is an acceptable norm, imposing the same on others is not what has been commanded. Least of all, disputed issues to turn into a source of violence is forbidden.

(iii) The same logic applies to ‘Inter Sectarian’ issues amongst the Muslims.

(iv) All disputed matters must be left to Allah to be resolved on the day of resurrection.

> ” And (Allah Commands) that you should judge between them by what Allah has sent down, and not follow their vain desires, and beware of them lest they beguile you from (any) part of what Allah has sent you; and if they turn back, then, know that Allah desires to afflict them for some of their sins; and verily, many of the people are transgressors”: (49)

Flag 44: Allah’ Command to Judge with Equity & Jewish/Hypocrite Maneuvering to Thwart it: (Maidah-5: 41-49)


(i) Mischief making by hypocrites, Jews and Christians, with particular reference to seeking judgements to their liking, from the Holy Prophet by presenting distorted versions of the books (Tawrat/Injil) stands exposed.

(ii) Judgment belongs to Allah alone and any delegation in this respect must comply with Allah’s legislative framework conforming to Allah’s Way (Sunnat).

> ” Is it a judgment of the time of (pagans) ignorance that they desire? And who can be a better judge than Allah for those who are firm (assured) in their faith?”: (50):

Flag 45: Fadak & Hazrat Fatimah Zehra’s Legislative Contention: (Maidah-5: 50)


(i)This verse was recited by Bibi Fatima while protesting the confiscation of the Garden (Baghe Fidak). This Garden (Fidak) was given to her by the Holy Prophet himself.

> ” O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians for friends; they are friends one to another, and whoever of you takes them for a friend, verily (he) is one of them. Verily, Allah does not guide an unjust people”: (51)

> ” So you see these, in whose heart is a disease, hasten towards saying: We fear lest a reverse (change of fortune) befall us. But it may be that Allah brings about a victory (for you) or (some) thing from Himself; then they will regret concerning what they concealed in their hearts (selves)”: (52)

> ” And then those who believe will say: Are these they who swore by Allah with the strongest of oaths that they were surely with you? Wasted shall be their good deeds, and they shall be losers”: (53)

Flag 46: Do not take Jews & Christians as friends: (Maidah-5:51-53): 


(i) Disease in their hearts: (52)

(ii) Good deeds shall not avail anything for them they shall end up as losers”: (53)

> “O you who believe! Whoever of you turns back on his religion, Allah will soon bring a people whom He loves and who love Him, humble towards the believers, mighty against the infidels, striving hard in Allah’s ways, and they do not fear the censure of the censurers. This is the grace of Allah, He gives it to whomsoever He pleases, and Allah is all-encompassing, all-knowing”: (54)

Flag 47: Ali Ibna Abu Talib’s Ten Unique Characteristics: (Maidah-5: 54 & 55)


> ” Verily, verily, your guardian is Allah and His messenger (Muhammad) and those who believe and establish prayer, and give the poor-rate while they are (in the state of ruku) bowing down”: (55)

(i) On the authority of: {Musnad: Ahmad Ibna Hanbal:Mustadrak:Hakim:Talkhis:Dhahabi)} the verse refers to Ali Ibna Abu Talib who possessed ‘The Ten Excellent Merits’ not possessed by anyone else.

Additional Note:

The verse refers to Ali Ibn Abu Talib who offered a ring in his finger to a beggar while saying prayer and being in a state of (ruku).

> ” He who takes Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) and those who believe as his guardian, verily, (has joined) Allah’s party. (They are those) who shall always be victorious”: (56)

Flag 48: Always victorious-Allah’s Party (Hizb-ullah): (Maidah-5: 56)


(i) This verse is in continuation of verses (Maidah-5: 54 & 55) and refers to Ali Ibna Abu Talib

> ” O you who believe! Do not take as a guardian those who mock and make fun of your religion, from among those who have been given the book before you and the infidels. Fear Allah if you are believers”: (57)

> ” And when you call to prayer they take it as a jest and sport. This (is) because they are people who do not understand”: (58)

> ” Say (O Muhammad): O people of the book! Do you find fault with us for aught other than that we believe in Allah and that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down before, and because most of you are transgressors”? (59)

> ” Say (O Muhammad: Shall I inform you of (some who are) worse than this for retribution with Allah? (Worse is he) whom Allah has cursed, and (he) on whom His wrath has fallen, and those (some of) whom He transformed (into) apes and swine, and he who worshipped taghut (devil); they are in the worse gradation, and far astray from the right path”: (60)

> ” And when they come to you, (O Muslims), they say: We believe: And indeed they came in with infidelity (in their hearts) and indeed they went out with it; and Allah knows best what they have been creating (in their hearts)”: (61)

> ” You do see many of them vying one with another in sin and exceeding the limits, and (their) devouring for illicit gain; certainly evil is what they have been doing”: (62)

> ” Why do not the learned men (rabbis) and the doctors of law (priests) prohibit them from taking of sinful things and from devouring unlawful gains? Evil is indeed what they do: (63)

Flag 49: No friendship with those who make fun of your religion & transgressors & those who are worse than this: (Maidah-5: 57-63)

> ” And the Jews say: ‘The hand of Allah is tied up’! Tied be their own hands, and damned be they for saying what they say! Nay, both His hands are widely outstretched, He expends as He pleases. And what has been sent down to you from your Lord will certainly increase many of them in transgression and infidelity; and We have cast enmity and hatred among them (which will last) till the day of resurrection. Every time they kindle the fire of war, Allah extinguishes it; and they strive to spread mischief in the land; and Allah does not love mischief-makers”: (64)

Flag 50: The Eternal Punishment: Decreed Failures in any/all Attempts to Extinguish Allah’s Light (Nur-e-Khuda): A Glimpse of what they Missed: (Maidah-5: 64-66)


Nur-e-Khuda Hai Kufr Ki Harkat Pe Khanda Zun

Phoonkon Say Yeh Chiragh Bujhaya Na Jaiga

> ” (O Muhammad) Deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord; and if you do not do it, then, (it will be as if) you have not delivered His message (at all); and surely Allah will protect you from (the mischief) of men; verily, Allah does not guide a disbelieving people”: (67)

Flag 51: ‘The Command’ Route to ‘Ghadir Khum’: (Maidah-67)


(i) Allah’s command to the Holy Prophet to deliver the important message without fail: (Maidah-5: 67)

(ii) The gravity of matter: A failure to comply with the ‘Command’ to be as if no message of prophethood had been delivered at all.

(iii) Potential consequences: A failure of the ‘Prophethood’.

(iv) The Message: ‘Mun-Kunto-Maula Fa-Haza-Ali-Yun-Maula’ delivered and the covenant ‘Ghadir Khum’ approved and confirmed.

(v) Completion of Allah’s favours and choosing of ‘Islam’ as the religion.

(vi) Also See notes (Maidah-5: 01 & 03, 07).

> ” Say: ‘ O people of the book! You have no ground to stand upon, until you stand fast by the law (Tawrat), the (injil) and what has been sent down to you from your Lord’: Surely that which has been sent down to you (O Muhammad) will increase many of them in transgression and infidelity; therefore do not grieve for the disbelieving people”: (68)

> “Surely those who believe and those who are Jews, and sabeans, and Christians – whosoever believe in Allah and the last day and does good, no fear shall be upon them, nor shall they grieve”: (69)

Flag 52: Allah’s Re-Assurance to the Believers irrespective of their Origin: (Maidah-5: 69)

> ” Certainly We took a covenant from the children of Israil, and We sent messengers to them. Whenever there came to them a messenger with what their souls did not like, some (of them) they called liars, and some they slew”: (70)

> ” And they thought there will be no affliction, so they became blind and deaf; (and when they repented) Allah turned (in mercy) toward them. Yet again many of them became blind and deaf; and Allah sees what they do”: (71)

> ” Certainly they are infidels who say: Verily Allah: He is Al Masih, son of Maryam. And Al Masih (himself) said: O Children of Israil! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord; surely whoever associates (aught) with Allah, Allah, then, forbids him the garden, and his abode is fire; and for the unjust there will be no helpers”: (72)

> ” Surely they disbelieve who say: Allah is the third of three. (Because) there is no god save the one God. And if they do not desist from what they say, then those who disbelieve will suffer grievous torment”: (73)

Flag 53: Understand Allah’s Unity (Tawhid: La-ilaha-illal-Allah) & Place Isa where he belongs: (Maidah-5: 72-76)

> ” Will they not then turn to Allah and ask His pardon? And Allah is oft forgiving merciful”: (74)

> ” Al-Masih, son of Maryam, was but a messenger. Indeed messengers had passed away before him. His mother was a truthful lady; and (like other men and women) they both used to eat food. Behold, how We do make (our) signs clear to them, yet, behold, (how) they are turned away (from the right path)”: (75)

> ” Say (O Muhammad): Do you worship, besides Allah, that which possess neither harm nor profit? And Allah! He is all hearing, all-knowing”: (76)

> ” Say (O Muhammad): O people of the book! Do not exceed the bounds (of truth) in your religion, and do not follow the (vain) desires of a people who have gone astray aforetime and have led many astray and have strayed far from the right path”: (77)

> ” Cursed were those amongst the children of Israil who did not believe by the tongue of Daud and Isa, son of Maryam. That is because they disobeyed and used to exceed the limits”: (78)

> ” They did not forbid one another from the hateful things they used to to do. Indeed, evil was that which they were doing”! (79)

Flag 54: Recurring Anomalies with respect to people of the book & Identification of those who are cursed & those who did not forbid evil: (Maidah-5: 70-71, 77-79)

> ” You will see many of them befriending those who disbelieve; surely evil is that which their souls have sent ahead of them, (with the result) that Allah’s wrath is on them, and they shall abide in torment”: (80)

> ” And had they believed in Allah and the messenger and what was sent down to him, they would not have taken them for friends, but most of them are evil-doers”: (81)

Flag 55: Befriending infidels by the people of book: Maidah-5: (80-81)

> ” Certainly you will find the Jews and the idolaters the most violent in enmity towards those who believe, and you will certainly find the nearest in friendship towards the believers those who say: ‘ We are the followers of Isa’. This is because there are among them priests and monks, and because they are not proud”: (82)

Flag 56: Difference in attitude of Jews & idolaters as compared to Christians towards believers: (Maidah-5: 82) 

Separa 06 (La Yuhibbulah) ends

Surah Al-Maidah (83-120) and continues in the Separa-7 (Wa Idha Sami-U)