Highlighted Quranic Listing-5

Highlighted Quranic listing of the fifth Separa (Wal Muhsanat)) is here. An attempt has been made to simplify tracking of the desired information.
At the outset, it is necessary to acknowledge innumerable sources used in compilation of this effort. No attempt has been made to list the references individually; but sincere thanks are due to all, individually and collectively.

Road Map:

  1. The list of (Flags) below is a subject-wise identification
  2. Each (Flag) refers to the corresponding (verse or verses) and identifies (explanatory note), if any
  3. Quranic verses of this (Separa) are listed and marked in the conventional way
  4. For example (Nisa-4: 24-25) refers to 24th and 25th verses of Surah (An Nisa) which is the forth Surah of the Holy Quran
  5. Each verse commences and ends marked as (> “—–“: (number of the verse)
  6. >>> ” denotes the the subject of the verse is continuing into the next verse
  7. All notes are numbered in parenthesis as (i), (ii) and so on
  8. All a reader needs to do is review the listed (Flags), choose the desired subject and proceed to the indicated (Ayat)
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Separa-5: Wal Muhsanat

Surah An Nisa-4 (24-147)


Surah An-Nisa – 4


” And (all) married women (are forbidden) save those whom your right hands possess. (This is) Allah’s written ordinance for you. Except for these, allowed to you are (all women); that you seek them in exchange for your wealth to marry, not for debauchery. As to those whom you married for a fixed time (muta), give them their agreed dowries; and there is no sin for you for what you mutually agree together after what has been settled. Verily Allah is all knowing, wise”: (24)

Flag 1: (Muta): (Nisa-4: 24)


(i) Second Caliph declared from pulpit: ‘Two mutas (temporary marriage and combining with hajj and umrah) were in force during the time of the holy Prophet, but now I decree both of them as unlawful; and I will punish those who practise them’. Ali Ibna Abu Talib reversed this ruling during his caliphate, and thereafter, it was never again prohibited. Shia and Maliki school of thought hold (Muta) as lawful.

” And if one of you does not have sufficient means to marry a protected believing , then (let him marry) one of those whom your right hand possesses from amongst believing maids; and Allah knows best your faith. You are one from other, so marry them with the permission of their masters, and give them their dowries with fairness, they being carefully guarded, not lustful, nor taking paramours; and when they are taken in wedlock (protected), if they then commit an act of lewdness, then for them is half of the punishment prescribed for free women. This punishment is for him, among you, who is afraid of falling into evil; and if you practice self-restraint, it is better for you; and Allah is forgiving , merciful”: (25)

” Allah desires to explain to you (His ordinance), and to guide you to the ways of those before you, and to turn (mercifully) to you; for Allah is knowing , wise”: (26)

” Verily Allah desires to turn (mercifully) to you; but those who follow their lusts, desire that you should deviate a great deviation”: (27)

Flag 2: Sexual Lusts, Desires and Allah’s Way: (Nisa-4: 24-27)


(i) Allah’s command (Nisa-4: 26) pertains to man/women relationship and limits applicable to it for all times to come (past, present and future). While
permissible (Regularised/disciplined/planned/controlled) limits (Nisa-4: 24 & 25) stand well defined; uncontrolled sexual contact of any other type to fulfil lusts , desire, debauchery, etc remain out of bound in the same way as it was for the earlier generations.

(ii) It must be noted that Allah’s Way (Sunnat) provides authorised, reasonable and legal outlets for the requirements of the individual’s of varied temperaments. Included therein, are simple divorce and ease to reconcile again (Shia Fiqh), Muta (temporary marriage), restricted polygamy all under the authorised umbrella of Allah’s Way (Sunnat). The objective had always been to put a halt to illegal and ill-logical concepts such as those prevailing in the Western Society in specific and elsewhere in general. Living with partners, homosexuality, liberty for open and unlimted sexual contact, un-natural restrictions on Priests & Sisters under the Christian Churches, restrictions on Sadhus, Dasis and holy men under Hindus, Jain and Buddhist culture and other similar concepts being a few examples.

” Allah desires to lighten your burden, for man has been created weak”: (28)

Flag 3: Flexibilities provided by Allah to cater for Human Weaknesses: (Nisa-4: 28)


(i) Verse (Nisa-4: 28) while acknowledging human weakness, explains the need for permissible sexual outlets (Nisa-4: 24&25). Beyond it, no tolerance for sexual misdeeds exist. Allah’s imposed limits being equally valid for past, present and future alike.

” O you who believe! Do not devour each others property among yourself unlawfully, but trade by mutual consent; do not kill yourselves; verily Allah is merciful to you”: (29)

” And whoever does this through aggression and injustice, soon we shall cast him in fire, and this is (very) easy for Allah”: (30)

Flag 4: Trading and Business Norms: (Nisa-4: 29 & 30)

” If you avoid the great (major) sins which you are forbidden, We will remit from you (your minor) misdeeds, and We will make you enter an honourable entering (into paradise)”: (31)

” And do not covet that by means of which Allah has raised some of you above others;>>> (Nisa-4: 32)

Flag 5: Difference in levels (status, wealth, knowledge, etc) between individuals: (Nisa-4: 32)

” For men shall have (the benefit) of what they earn, and women shall have (the benefit) of what they earn; and ask Allah of His grace; verily, Allah knows everything”: (32)

Flag 6: No Gender Discrimination: (Nisa-4: 32)

” And for everyone We have appointed heirs (to inherit) of what (their) parents and near relatives leave behind; and so for those with whom your right hands have made a covenant, give them their portion; verily Allah is ever witness over everything”: (33)

Flag 7: Inheritance & Near Relatives: (Nisa-4: 33)

” Men have authority over women, on account of that by means of which Allah has made one of them to excel the other, and account of what they spend out of their property; therefore the righteous women are obedient guarding the hidden which Allah has guarded. And as for those whose perverseness you fear, admonish them, then keep away from them in bed then beat them; and if they obey you, do not seek a way against them; verily, Allah is ever high and great”: (34)

Flag 8: Allah’s Conditionality as Applicable to Superiority of Men over Women: (Nisa-4: 34)


(i) Excellence assigned to men over women by Allah is subjective and not open ended. If men are not capable of demonstrating either of those characteristics, his claim of superiority may not remain in conformity with Allah’s Way (Sunnat).

(ii) The punishment for perverseness must also be based on facts rather than mere baseless apprehensions and imagination

” And if you fear a breach between the two (the man and the wife), then choose one arbitrator from his family, and one arbitrator from her family; if the two desire compromise, Allah will effect harmony between them; very, Allah is knowing, aware”: (35)

” Worship Allah and do not join any partners; and do good to parents, and the kinsfolk, and the orphans, and the needy, and the neighbours who are strangers, and the companion of your side, and the wayfarer, and which your right hands possess; verily Allah does not love the proud , the boastful”: (36)

” (Nor) those who are niggardly or enjoin niggardliness on others, or hide what Allah has given them of His bounty; We have prepared for the disbelievers an ignominious torment”: (37)

” (Nor) those who spend their property (in charity) to be seen of men, and do not believe in Allah and in the last day, and he who takes Shaytan for a companion-what an evil companion he is”! (38)

Flag 9: Few Virtues (Liked) and Disliked Acts: (Nisa-4: 36-38)

” What (harm) would it do to them if they had believed in Allah and the last day spent (benevolently) of what Allah had provided them with? Verily Allah is fully aware of them”: (39)

Flag 10: Allah’s Challenging Question to Disbelievers? (Nisa-4: 39)

” Verily, Allah does not do injustice (even) to the weight of an atom, and if there is a good deed, He multiplies it, and gives from Himself a great reward”: (40)

Flag 11: Allah’s Justice (Adl): (Nisa-4: 40)

” How will it be, then, when We bring from every people a witness, and We bring you (Muhammad) as a witness over those (witnesses)”? (41)

Flag 12: Muhammad witness over all Witnesses: (Nisa-4: 41)

” On that day, those who disbelieve and disobey the prophet shall wish that the earth were levelled with them. But never shall they hide any fact from Allah”: (42)

” O you who believe! Approach not prayers while you are intoxicated, until you know (well) what you say; nor when you are polluted, except when you are journeying, until washing your whole body. And if you be sick, or on journey, or (if) one of you comes from the privy, or you have touched women, and you do not find water, then take for yourself pure earth and wipe there with your faces and your hands; verily Allah is pardoning, forgiving”: (43)

Flag 13: Tayammum & Bathing Requirements: (Nisa-4: 43)

” Have you not seen those to whom a portion of the scripture has been given? They buy error, and wish that you should (also) go astray from the (right) path”: (44)

” But Allah knows best your enemies; and Allah is sufficient protector, and Allah is a sufficient helper”: (45)

” There are some of the Jews who (purposely) change words from their (right) places (to alter the meaning) and say: We hear and we disobey; and: Hear (you) as one who hears not: and: Raina (attend to us)! Distorting (the word) with their tongues and slandering religion; but if they had (instead) said: We hear and we obey and : Pay attention (isma) and look at us (Unzurna); it would have been better for them, and more upright; but Allah has cursed them for their mischief, so they do not believe save a few”: (46)

” O you to whom the scripture has been given, believe in what We have sent down, confirming what is (already) with you, before We change their faces (features), and turn them on their backs, or We curse them like We cursed the people of the Sabbath; and the command of Allah is always executed”: (47)

” Verily, Allah does not forgive that a partner should be associated with Him, but besides that He forgives whom He pleases; and whoso associates a partner with Allah, he has indeed devised a great sin”: (48)

” Have you seen those who consider themselves pure? Nay, it is Allah who purifies whom He wishes, and they shall not be wronged a bit (even to the extent of the small skin in the grove of a date-stone)”: (49)

” Behold, how they invent lies about Allah! And that (by itself ) is a manifest sin”: (50)

” Have you not seen those to whom a portion of the scripture has been given? They believe in jibt (idols) and taghut (Shaytan) and they say about the disbelievers: These are better guided (in the path) than those who believe in Allah”: (51)

” Those are they whom Allah has cursed; and he whom Allah curses, for him you shall not find any helper”: (52)

” Or have they a share in the kingdom? But then they would not give to the people even the speck on a date-stone”: (53)

Flag 14: Mischievous People of the Book: (Nisa-4: 44-53)

” Or do they envy the people for what Allah has given them of His grace? But indeed We gave to Ibrahim’s children the book and wisdom and We gave them a great kingdom”: (54)

” Then amongst them is he who believes in him (Muhammad) and amongst them is he who goes against him (obstructively); and hell is sufficient as a blazing fire”: (55)

” Verily those who disbelieve Our signs, We shall soon cast them in fire. As often as their skins are burnt up, We shall (change) with them for fresh skins, that they may taste the torment; verily Allah is mighty, wise”! (56)

” And (as for) those who believe and do good deeds, We shall admit them into gardens in which rivers flow, to abide therein for ever; therein they shall have pure spouses; We shall make them enter a dense shade”: (57)

Flag 15: Divergent Ways amongst Ibrahim’s Descendents: (Nisa-4: 54-57)

” Verily Allah commands you to render back your trusts to their owner; and when you judge between men, judge with justice; verily, how excellent is the warning which Allah gives you; verily, Allah is ever hearer, seer”: (58)

Flag 16: Sanctity of Trusts: (Nisa-4: 58)

” O you who believe, Obey Allah, and obey the messenger and those vested with authority (from) among you; and then if you quarrel concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the messenger if you believe in Allah and in the last day, this is best, and fairest (way) for final settlement”: (59)

Flag 17: Aulil Amr and Referring to Allah & Messenger: (Nisa-4: 59)


(i) The command to obey is infinite i.e. total obedience in all material, religious and spiritual matters, therefore, as this verse clearly signifies, the Ulil Amr, as a minimum, must carry qualities of justice and wisdom bestowed by Him on the holy Prophet. And he who administers the affairs of mankind should be Khalifatullah (Allah’s Vicegerent) and the Waliullah (Representative of Allah) whom He chooses. A careful study and evaluation based on Quran indicates that, after the holy Prophet, only Ali Ibna Abu Talib (Succeeded by the next eleven Imams of the Ahlul Bait in an unbroken chain) fit into the requirements imposed by (Nisa-4: 59).

(ii) It is irrational to accept any ruler as Ulil Amr. Otherwise men like Yazid Bin Mauawiya will have to be included in this category. It is senseless to assume that Allah has enjoined to obey men like Yazid (prototypes of whom are in abundance) just as one obeys Allah and His messenger.

(iii) The dispute resolving has been left to be referred to Allah and His messenger (Nisa-4: 59).

(iv) Till the reappearance of the twelfth Imam, all disputed matters need to be resolved using alternate sources i.e Allah’s Way (Quran) or holy Prophets Way (Sunnat).

(v) Subsequent to the departure of the holy Prophet, no mutually acceptable, reliable and undisputed record of his Ways (Sunnat) is available; particularly which also meets the requirement of not being in conflict with Quran.

(vi) The only alternative leading to a non-contentious solution of the problem, which remains available, is to refer and settle all such disputes based on the Quran itself. In other words (Nisa-4 59) commands to be complied by resolving all such issues based on Quran which is Allah’s Way (Sunnat).

” Have you not seen those who pretend that they believe in what has been sent down to you and what has been sent down before you? They intend to resort (together) for judgement (in their disputes) to the evil one (taghut), though they were commanded to abjure him; and Shaytan intends to lead them far astray”: (60)


(i) It is reported that a Jew (Kab bin Asraff) is compared to the devil.

(ii) Taghut invariably refers to any unauthorised claimant of power whom men may obey and follow. In this verse means a devil in human form.

” And when it is said to them: Come (let us refer) to what Allah has sent down (Quran) and to the messenger (Muhammad): you see the hypocrites turn away from you with aversion” : (61)

Flag 18: Hypocritical (Ijima): (Nisa-4: 61)


(i) This verse refers to those who submit to the opinions of others in the matters of religion instead of obtaining guidance from the Quran and the teachings of the holy Prophet. For example rely on Ijima (opinion of unauthorised persons) to settle a religious issue, which is described to be the method of hypocrites.

” How then when a misfortune smites them because of what their (own) hands have sent before (them)? Then they come to you swearing: By Allah, we only desired (to promote) good and concord”: (62)


(i) It refers to those who, by nature of hypocrites, introduce unwarranted reforms and innovations contrary to the teachings of the Quran and the holy Prophet, to accommodate non-Islamic theories: and when evil consequences confront them, they say it was done to bring good and amity.

” These are those – Allah knows what is (concealed) in their hearts; therefore, turn aside from them, and admonish them, and speak to them effective words concerning themselves”: (63)

” We did not send a messenger but that he should be obeyed by Allah’s permission; and had they, when they had done injustice to themselves, come to you and asked Allah’s forgiveness; and the messenger (also) had asked pardon for them, surely, they would have found Allah oft-returning, merciful”: (64)

Flag 19: Intercession by the Holy Prophet: (Nisa-4: 64)


(i) It is the will of Allah that people should obey the holy Prophet.
(ii) Holy Prophet, carries authority granted by Allah to intercede on behalf of the sinners
(iii) For Allah’s authority (permission) granted to the chosen, reference may also be made to (Baqarah-2: 255: Maryam-19: 87: Taha-20: 109: Yunus 10: 03)
(iv) It needs to be noted that Allah’s forgiveness has been made conditional to being supported by the holy Prophet also: {(>>> ” and the messenger (also) had asked pardon for them>>>”: (Nisa-4: 64)}
(v) The holy Prophet and the thoroughly purified (Ahzab-33: 33) twelve Imams of the (Ahlul Bayt in an unbroken chain) are those upon whom Allah has bestowed (an-amta alayhim: Fatihah-01: 07)

” But no, by your Lord, they will not be (true) believers until they make you a judge in what they dispute amongst themselves, and then do not find any vexation (at all) within themselves against what you decide, and submit with full submission”: (65)

Flag 20: No Disagreement with the holy Prophet: (Nisa-4: 65)


(i) (>>> ” But no, by your Lord” >>>) above emphatically asserts that Allah’s decision is final
(ii) The Divine command above is an irreversible open declaration towards holy Prophet’s decisions and commands (inclusive of spiritual, religious, material, public, personal, etc matters) to be adopted in letter and spirit without any deviation.
(iii) The verse (Nisa-4: 65) also asserts that no one has any right whatsoever to disagree with with the holy Prophet physically or mentally.

” And if We had prescribed for them: Lay down your lives or go forth from your dwellings: They would not have done it, except a few of them; and if they had done what they were exhorted (to do), it would, certainly, have been better for them, and more effective in strengthening their faith” : (67)

” And We would surely have guided them on the right path”: (68)

” And all who obey Allah and messenger (Muhammad) are with those upon whom Allah has bestowed favours, of the prophets, and the truthfuls, and witnesses, and the righteous, and excellent are these as companions”! (69)

Flag 21: Obeying Muhammad: Allah’s Grace is the Reward: (Nisa-4: 69)


(i) The rewards mentioned above are for those who unconditionally obey and follow the judgement, decisions and directions of the holy Prophet being the will of Allah
(ii) (Nabiyyin) refers to the holy Prophet: (Siddiqin) refers to Imam Ali Ibna Abu Talib: Shuhuda & Salihin refers to Imam Hasan, Hussain & successive Imam’s of (Ahlul Bayt) in an unbroken chain
(iii) To be in the company of the holy Prophet and twelve Imams of the (Ahlul Bayt) is the highest possible elevation, and certainly is the grace of Allah (Nisa-4: 70)

” This is the grace from Allah, and sufficient is Allah as one who knows”: (70)

” O you who believe! Take your precautions, then go forth in detachments, or go forth all together”: (71)

Flag 22: Risk Evaluation & Taking Precautionary Measures being Allah’s Way (Sunnat): (Nisa-4: 71)

” And verily among you there is he who tarries behind, then, if a misfortune falls on you, he says: Allah has been gracious to me since I was not present with them”: (72)

” And if grace comes to you from Allah, he would surely say – as if there had not been (ties of) affection between you and him: O would that I had been with them, then, I would have achieved a great achievement”: (73)

Flag 23: Hypocrisy (Being Ibn-ul-Waqt): (Nisa-4: 72-73)

” Let those than fight in the way of Allah who sell the life of this world for the hereafter; and as to him who fights in the way of Allah, be he slain or be he victorious, We shall give him a great recompense”: (74)

” And what has come upon you that you do not fight in the way of Allah, whilst the weak among men, women and children (in helplessness) say: Our Lord! get us out of this town whose inhabitants are tyrants, and appoint us from You a guardian, and appoint for us from you a helper”: (75)

” Those who believe fight in the way of Allah, and those who disbelieve fight in the way of Shaytan. So fight against the friends of Shaytan; verily Shaytan’s strategy is weak”: (76)

” Have you not seen those to whom it was said: Hold back your hands (from attacking), and establish prayer and pay zakat? But when fighting has been prescribed for them, behold, a party of them fear men as – or even more than – they should have feared Allah, and say: Our Lord! Why You have ordained fighting for us? For which reason did You not grant us respite to a (natural) term? Say (O Muhammad): The enjoyment (provision) for this world is short lived, and the hereafter is better for him who guards (himself against evil), and you shall not be wronged a bit (even to the extent of small skin in the grove of a date-stone)”: (77)

Flag 24: Fighting in Allah’s Way & Avoiding the same: (Nisa-4: 74-77)

” Wherever you are , death will overtake you, even though you are in lofty towers. If good befalls them they say: This is from Allah: But if evil befalls them they say: This is from you. Say (O Muhammad): All is from Allah. But what has come upon these people that well-nigh they understand not anything spoken (to them)”: (78)

” Whatever good comes to you (O man) is from Allah, and whatever evil befalls you is from yourself. We have sent you (O Muhammad) as (Our) messenger to all mankind; and Allah is sufficient witness”: (79)

Flag 25: Understanding Death Inevitability & Encountering Blessings or Misfortunes: (Nisa-4: 78 & 79)


(i) Good and evil, blessings and punishments, are from Allah, but no distress afflicts a man unless he earns it by his own mistakes or blunders. Like bounties and blessings; misfortunes also come from the Lord, but are earned by man through his own wrongdoing.
(ii) The early fiasco at the Battle of Uhad being a result of disobeying command. To hold holy Prophet responsible for anything means to hold Allah responsible.

” He who obeys the messenger, then, surely he obeys Allah; and he who turns away (remember) We have not sent you to watch over them”: (80)

” And they say: We obey: But when they leave your company, a party of them spend the night in planning other than what you say. And Allah record what they devise by night; so turn aside from them and trust in Allah; and Allah is a sufficient protector”: (81)

” Do they not think at all (carefully) about the Quran? And if it had been from other than Allah they would have surely found in it much discrepancy” : (82)

Flag 26: Allah’s Challenge to find Discrepancy in Quran: (Nisa-4: 80- 82)

” And when there comes to them any news of security or of alarm, they spread it abroad, and if they had referred it to the messenger, and (to) those vested with authority amongst them, then they, who could discover the truth, would have known it; and were it not for the grace of Allah and His mercy upon you, you would have surely followed the devil, except a few”: (83)


(i) Recognition of the concept of (Authority):

The statement {>>> ” those vested with authority amongst them>>>”: (Nisa-4: 83)} clearly draws the line with respect to the Rule of Law.

(ii) Individual or group actions:

Such as carrying executions, burning property, taking law in their own hands, all in the name of religion: are forbidden acts and must be termed as (Fisad-fil-Araz).

(iii) (Fazal) and (Rahamat) in (Nisa-4: 83) stand for the holy Prophet and Ali Ibna Abu Talib respectively

” Fight, then, in Allah’s way; it is not imposed (on any) except with regard to yourself; and rouse the faithful, and it may be that Allah will restrain the might of those who disbelieve; and Allah is the strongest in might and in inflicting punishment”: (84)

” Whoever intercedes with a goodly intercession shall have a share therefrom, and whoever intercedes with a bad intercession shall bear a burden thereof; and Allah keeps control over all things”: (85)

Flag 27: Tawalla and Tabarra: (Nisa-4: 85)


(i) (Nisa-4: 85) implies that tawalla ( doing good, associating with the doers of good and remaining attached with them) and tabarra (avoiding evil and evil doers and expressing dislike for them)

” When you are greeted with a greeting, then greet with a better than it, or return it; verily, Allah takes account of all things”: (86)

Flag 28: Beware! Significance of Assalamu Alaykum: (Nisa-4: 86)


(i) The customary greeting in Islam is : Assalamu Alaykum (peace be on you); while Wassalamu Alaykum was rahmatullah wa barakatuhu (and on you be peace and blessings of Allah) is its reply
(ii) An all encompassing gesture earning Allah’s pleasure. Applicable to all regardless of stature (rich, poor, elder, younger, master or servant) with no loss of dignity and self respect on either side

” Allah! There is no god but He. He will certainly gather you all together on the day of resurrection, there is no doubt in it. Whose words can be truer than Allah’s”? (87)

Flag 29: Assertion of Allah’s Oneness (Tawhid): (Nisa-4: 87)

What has come upon you that you are divided in two parties regarding hypocrites? And Allah has cast them back (to disbelief) because of what they have earned. Do you intend to guide those whom Allah has condemned to go astray? As for those whom Allah has condemned to go astray , you shall never find a way”: (88)

Flag 30: Destabilising Muslims – Hypocrites (Munafiqin): (Nisa-4: 88)

” They long that you should disbelieve as they disbelieve, so that you may become like them, so do not take any of them as friends until they migrate in Allah’s way; but if they turn back, then seize them wherever they are and kill them; and do not take any of them as friends or helpers”: (89)

” Except those who join a people between whom and you there is a covenant (of peace), or (those) who come to you with hearts restraining them from fighting you or fighting their own people. And if Allah had pleased, he would surely have given them power over you, and they would have fought you; therefore, if they withdraw from you and do not fight you, and offer you peace, then Allah has made no way for you (to fight) against them”: (90)

” Shortly you will also find others who desire security from you and security from their own people; every time they are turned to mischief, they fall headlong into it; therefore, if they do not withdraw from you, nor offer you peace, nor restrain their hands, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them; and these are the people against whom we have given you a clear authority”: (91)

Flag 31: Scope & Limitations of Defensive Jihad: (Nisa-4: 90 – 91 & 94)

” It is not for a believer to kill a believer except by mischance; and he who kills a believer by mistake should free a believing slave, and pay blood money to his people unless they remit it as charity. But if he be from a tribe hostile to you, and he was a believer, freeing a believing slave (is enough); and if he be from a tribe between whom and you there is a covenant then pay blood money to his people and free a believing slave; but he who has no means to do so should fast for two consecutive months (as) a penance from Allah; and Allah is all knowing wise”: (92)

” And he whoso kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is hell; he shall abide therein, and Allah’s wrath is upon him and His curse; and He has prepared a great torment for him”: (93)

Flag 32: Man Slaughter & Blood Money: (Nisa-4: 92 & 93)

” O you who believe! When you go forth (to fight) in the way of Allah, be discreet and do not say to anyone who greets you in peace: You are not a believer: coveting the chance profits of his life: with Allah are the plenteous gains. Like him were you also in the past, but Allah conferred (His) grace on you; therefore be careful and discreet; verily, Allah is aware of what you do”: (94)

” Not equal are those believers who sit still, other than those who are disabled, and those who strive in the way of Allah with their wealth and their selves. Allah has raised those who strive (in the way of Allah) with their wealth and lives in rank over those who sit still. Allah has promised good to all, but He has distinguished those who strive in (His cause) above those who sit still by a great recompense”: >>> (95)

” (High) ranks from Him and forgiveness and mercy; for Allah is oft forgiving, merciful”: (96)

Flag 33: Striving in Allah’s Way & the Unequals: (Nisa-4: 95 & 96)

” Verily, as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are unjust to themselves; they (the angels) shall ask : In what state were you? They shall say: We were oppressed in the land: They (the angels) will say: Was not Allah’s land large enough for you to migrate? So these (are those) whose abode shall be hell – what an evil destination”! (97)

Flag 34: No Room for Fait Accompli in Allah’s Way (Sunnat): (Nisa-4: 97)

” Except the (really) weak among men and women and children, who have no means in their power, nor do they find the (right) way”: (98)

” As for such, it may be that Allah will pardon them; and Allah is ever clement, oft-forgiving”: (98)

” And whosoever migrates in the way of Allah will find many places of refuge and abundance on the earth; and whosoever leaves his home, emigrating unto Allah and His messenger (Muhammad), and then (before he reaches his destination) death overtakes him, his recompense is then incumbent on Allah; and Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful” (100)

Flag 35: Merits of Emigration in Allah’s Way: (Nisa-4: 100)

” When you travel in the earth, there is no blame on you, if you shorten the prayers, if you fear the disbelievers may harass you; verily, the infidels are your open enemy”: (101)

” And when you (Muhammad) are amongst them (during a battle) and you have to lead the prayer, then let a party of them stand up with you, and let them take their arms. Then when they have performed their prostrations let them take their positions in the rear, and let the other party who has not yet prayed come up, and let them pray with you, but let them take their precautions and their arms; because those who disbelieve desire that if you should neglect your arms and your baggage, they may assault you at once. But there is no blame on you if you put away your arms when you are troubled by rain, or you are ill, but take full precautions. Verily Allah has prepared a disgraceful torment for the infidels”: (102)

” And when you have finished the prayers, remember Allah standing, and sitting, and reclining; and when you are in safety setup (regular) prayers. Verily salat has been enjoined on the believers as an ‘at fixed hours worship’ ordinance”: (103)

Flag 36: Praying during Travel & War: (Nisa-4: 101-103)

” And do not slacken in following up the enemy; if you suffer, surely they suffer just as you suffer, but you hope from Allah for which they can not hope; and Allah is all-knowing, wise”: (104)

Flag 37: War Strategy: (Nisa-4: 104)

” Verily, We have sent down to you the book (Quran) with the truth, that you may judge between people by that which Allah shows you; and do not be the pleader for the treacherous”: (105)

Flag 38: Judgements must be based on Allah’s Way (Sunnat): (Nisa-4: 105)

” And ask forgiveness of Allah (for your followers); verily, Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful”: (106)

” And do not plead on behalf of those who deceive their own souls; verily Allah does not love one who is treacherous sinful”: (107)

” They (try to) hide from people, but they cannot hide from Allah, and He is with them when by night they hold discourses with which He is not pleased; and Allah encompasses all they do”: (108)

” Behold! You are those who pleaded for them in the life of this world; but who will plead with Allah for them on the day of resurrection, or who will be their defender”? (109)

” And whosoever does evil or wrongs his own soul, and thereafter seeks pardon of Allah, will find Allah oft-forgiving, merciful”: (110)

” Whoever earns the wages of sin does so against his own soul; and Allah is all-knowing, wise”: (111)

Flag 39: Allah Encompasses all Doings: (Nisa-4: 108-111)

” And whoever commits a mistake or a sin, and throws it to one who is innocent, burdens himself with calumny and brazen sin”: (112)

Flag 40: Falsely Implicating an Innocent: (Nisa-4: 112)

” But for the grace of Allah upon you, and His mercy, a party of them would surely have made up their minds to lead you astray: but they shall only lead their own selves astray, and they shall not harm you at all. And Allah has sent down to you the book and the wisdom, and has taught you what you did not know; and great is Allah’s grace on you”: (113)

Flag 41: The Infallible holy Prophet: (Nisa-4: 113)


(i) The ‘book and the wisdom’ was with the holy Prophet at all times. There is no interval of time in Allah’s giving existence to the holy Prophet and bestowing the ‘book and wisdom’ on him.
(ii) Verses (Najam-53: 02 and Duha-93: 07) confirm it

” There is no good in most of their whisperings (secret conferences) save (in) him who enjoins charity or goodness or peace among people; and whoever does this, seeking the pleasure of Allah, We shall give him a great recompense”: (114)

” And whoso opposes the messenger (Muhammad) after the guidance has manifested to him, and follow a way other than that of believers, We will turn him to that which he has turnd himself, and will cast him into hell – what an evil destination it is”! (115)

Flag 42: No Room for Disobeying/Disagreeing with the holy Prophet: (Nisa-4: 115)

” Verily, Allah does not forgive that partners should be associated with Him, but He forgives all save this to whom He pleases; and whoso associates partners with Allah has indeed strayed far, far away (from the right path)”: (116)

Flag 43: Shirk-Unpardonable Crime: (Nisa-4: 116)

” They invoke besides Him only female deities; and they invoke none else than Shaytan, the persistent rebel”: (117)


(i) Based on female reproductivity, pagans thought that their idols were daughters of god

” Whom Allah has cursed; and he (Shaytan) said: Most certainly, I will take of Your servants an allocated share”: (118)


(i) Allocated share implies Shaytan’s assessment of his ability to lead men astray

” And surely I will lead them astray, and surely I will create in them (vain) desires, and surely I will command them to slit the ears of cattle, and surely I will command them to change Allah’s creation. Therefore whoso takes Shaytan as his guardian besides Allah indeed suffers a manifest loss”: (119)

” He (Shaytan) makes (false) promises, and stirs up (vain) desires in them; and Shaytan promises nothing but deception”: (120)

” For such there abode shall be hell, and they shall find no escape therefrom”: (121)

Flag 44: The Shaytanic Challenge: (Nisa-4: 117-121)

” But those who believe and do good deeds, We shall admit them into gardens in which rivers flow, where they shall abide forever. (It is) a promise from Allah in truth. And whose words could be truer than Allah’s”? (122)

” It shall not be according to your desires, nor the desires of the people of the book; (but) whoever does evil shall be punished for it; and he shall not find, besides Allah, any guardian or helper”: (123)

” And whoso does deed of righteousness, whether male or female, and is believer, shall surely enter paradise, and they shall not be wronged (even) to the extent of the skin of grove in a date -stone”: (124)

” And who is better in religion than he who resigns entirely to Allah, and is righteous, and follows the creed of Ibrahim, the Upright? And Allah did take Ibrahim for a friend”: (125)

” And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; and Allah encompasses all things”: (126)

Flag 45: Knowing Allah’s Favourite – No Gender Bias: (Nisa-4: 123-126)


(i) Mere wish or desire, short of good deeds, will not avail anything. Neither the Jews, nor the Christians, nor the Muslims are Allah’s favourite. Whosoever does good will be rewarded, and whosoever does evil shall be punished. This is the Islamic law of requital. The proviso ‘the believer’ is vital.
(ii) No gender gap: refer to (Imran-3: 195) also.

They ask you for a decision about women. Say (O Muhammad): Allah gives you decision about them, and that which has been recited to you in the book (Quran) concerning orphan girls whom you do not give what is assigned to them, and yet you desire to marry them, and concerning weak among them, that you stand firm for justice to orphans. Whatever good you do, verily, Allah knows it all”: (127)


(i) Refer to (Nisa-4: 03&35) for the Divine decrees concerning women

(ii) Refer to (Baqarah-2: 220 & Nisa-4: 02,06&10) for orphan women

” And if a women fears ill-treatment or desertion from her husband, then there is no blame on them twain if they effect reconciliation between them amicably, (for) reconciliation is good, but avarice has been made present in the minds (of men) and if you do good and guard yourself (against evil); then, verily, Allah knows well what you do”: (128)

” You will never be able to do justice between women (your wives), even though you may be eager (to do so), so do not incline (to one) exclusively and leave the (other) suspended (as it were). If you effect a reconciliation and guard yourself against evil, verily, then Allah is oft-forgiving, merciful”: (129)

” And if they separate, Allah will render each free of want out of His abundance; and Allah is omniscient, wise”: (130)

Flag 46: (Men/Women) & Polygamy Problems: (Nisa-4:128-130)

” And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; and indeed We had commanded those who were given the book before you, and commanded you (too), to safeguard yourself with full awareness of Allah’s laws, but if you disbelieve, then, verily, to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; Allah is self-sufficient, praise-worthy”: (131)

” And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth; and Allah is sufficient as protector”: (132)

” If He wills, He can take you away: O people: and bring others (instead), Allah has power to do so”: (133)

” Whosoever desires the reward of this world, then with Allah is the reward of this world and the hereafter; and Allah is hearing , seeing”: (134)

” O you who believe! Stand firmly with justice, witnesses for the sake of Allah, and though it be against your own selves, or your parents, or your kindred, be he rich or poor, for Allah is closer to them (than you), therefore do not follow your inclination lest you deviate (from truth) or turn aside, then, verily, Allah knows well what you do”: (135)

Flag 47: Obligations As Witness: (Nisa-4: 135)

” O you who believe, believe in Allah, and His messenger, and the book He has sent down to His messenger (Muhammad), and the book He sent down before (him): and whoever denies Allah, and His angels, and His books, and His messengers, and the last day, has indeed wandered far astray”: (136)

Flag 48: Fundamental Beliefs: (Nisa-4: 136)

” Verily, those who believed, and then disbelieved, then (again) believed, and then disbelieved, (and) thereafter increased in disbelief, it is not for Allah to pardon them; nor will He guide them to the (right) way”: (137)

” Announce (O Muhammad) to the hypocrites that there shall be a painful torment for them”: (138)

Flag 49: Perpetual Disbelievers and Hypocrites: (Nisa-4: 137-138)

” Those who take disbelievers as friends, rather than believers; do they seek honour from them? Then, indeed, all honour belongs to Allah”: (139)

” And, indeed, He has sent down to you (O believers) in the book that when you hear the sign of Allah disbelieved and mocked at, then do not sit with them until they begin talking of other things, otherwise you would become like them; verily, Allah will gather together the hypocrites and the infidels in hell”: (140)

Flag 50: Befriending Disbelievers & Consequences: (Nisa-4: 140&144)

” Those who wait and watch about you; then, if victory comes to you from Allah, they say: Were we not with you? And if the infidels have share (in the victory), they say: Did we not gain an advantage over you, and did we not defend you against believers? But Allah shall judge between you on the day of resurrection; and Allah will not make a way for the infidels against the believers”: (141)

Flag 51: Blocking Infidels-Allah’s Promise: (Nisa-4: 141)

” Verily, the hypocrites only try to deceive Allah, but He is over-reaching them. When they stand up for prayers, they stand up languidly (without earnestness), only to be seen of men, and they remember not Allah but a little>>>”: (142)

” Wavering between that (and this), (belonging) neither to these (believers) nor to those (infidels); and whom Allah leaves straying, you shall never find a way for him”: (143)

Flag 52: Know the Lethal Wavering? (Nisa-4: 42-143)

” O you believe, do not take the disbelievers as your friends, rather than believers. Do you desire to provide Allah with a manifest proof (to punish you)”? (144)

” Verily, the hypocrites shall be in the lowest depths of fire, and you shall never find any helper for them”: (145)

Flag 53: The Hypocrites: (Nisa-4: 142-143 & 145)

” Except those who repent, and amend, and hold fast to Allah, and purify their religion for Allah. These, then, are with the believers, and Allah will give the believers a great reward”: (146)

” Why should Allah torment you, if you are grateful and believe? Allah is ever appreciating and knowing”: (147)

Sepera-5 (Wal Muhsanat) ends

Surah Nisa-4: (148-170) continues in the next Separa-6